Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 28 31 35 39 43
Sierra Leone 36 36 36 36 37
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Angola 42 42 43 43 44
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Mozambique 45 46 46 47 47
Uganda 46 46 46 46 47
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 46 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 46 46 46 46
Burundi 46 47 47 47 48
Malawi 47 47 46 46 46
South Sudan 46 47 47 48 48
Niger 46 47 48 49 49
Somalia 46 47 48 49 50
Equatorial Guinea 47 48 48 48 48
Mali 48 48 48 48 48
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 49
Ethiopia 49 49 50 50 51
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 50 50
Cote d'Ivoire 50 50 49 48 47
Liberia 49 50 51 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 50 51 51 51 51
Zimbabwe 53 51 50 48 46
Guinea 52 52 52 52 51
Afghanistan 52 52 53 54 54
Eritrea 52 52 53 54 55
Congo, Rep. 53 53 53 52 52
Cameroon 53 53 53 53 52
Gambia, The 53 54 54 54 55
Timor-Leste 52 54 55 56 57
Madagascar 54 55 55 56 57
Togo 55 55 54 54 54
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Kenya 57 56 55 54 54
Haiti 56 56 56 57 57
Swaziland 58 56 55 53 52
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
Sudan 56 57 57 57 57
Comoros 56 57 57 57 57
Lesotho 58 57 55 53 51
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Papua New Guinea 57 57 58 58 58
Senegal 57 57 57 57 57
Ghana 58 58 57 57 57
Botswana 59 58 56 55 53
Cambodia 57 58 58 59 60
Lao PDR 57 58 59 60 60
Nepal 58 59 60 60 61
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 59
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 59 60 60
Solomon Islands 59 60 60 61 62
Namibia 61 60 59 58 57
India 60 60 61 61 61
Myanmar 60 60 61 61 61
Bolivia 61 61 61 62 62
Gabon 61 61 61 61 60
Mongolia 61 61 61 62 62
South Africa 62 61 61 60 58
Tajikistan 62 62 63 63 63
Pakistan 62 63 63 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 62 63 63 63 63
Kiribati 62 63 63 63 64
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Guyana 63 63 63 63 63
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 63 64
Azerbaijan 64 65 65 65 66
Maldives 64 65 65 66 67
Kazakhstan 66 65 64 64 65
Guatemala 64 65 66 66 67
Russian Federation 64 65 66 67 67
Vanuatu 65 65 66 66 67
Indonesia 65 65 66 66 67
Greenland 66 66 66 66 66
Kyrgyz Republic 66 66 67 67 67
Philippines 66 66 66 66 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 67 66 65 64 64
Uzbekistan 66 66 66 67 67
Latvia 66 66 69 69 69
Fiji 66 67 67 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Egypt, Arab Rep. 66 67 67 68 68
Morocco 67 67 67 67 68
Turkey 66 67 68 68 69
Ukraine 68 67 67 67 68
Nicaragua 67 67 68 68 69
Cabo Verde 67 67 68 68 69
Samoa 67 68 68 68 69
Estonia 67 68 70 70 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Algeria 68 68 68 68 69
Peru 68 68 69 69 70
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 68 70 72 73
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 69
Belarus 69 68 69 68 68
Brazil 68 68 69 69 70
Kosovo 68 69 69 69 69
Armenia 68 69 69 70 70
El Salvador 68 69 69 69 69
Honduras 68 69 69 70 70
Paraguay 69 69 69 69 70
Lithuania 69 69 70 71 71
Grenada 69 69 69 70 70
Sri Lanka 70 69 69 70 70
Colombia 69 69 70 70 70
Romania 70 69 69 69 70
West Bank and Gaza 69 70 70 70 70
Dominican Republic 69 70 70 70 70
Hungary 69 70 70 71 71
Oman 69 70 70 71 71
Tonga 70 70 70 70 70
Belize 70 70 70 70 70
Georgia 70 70 70 71 71
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Libya 70 70 71 71 71
Mauritius 70 70 70 70 71
China 70 70 71 71 71
Thailand 71 71 71 71 71
French Polynesia 70 71 71 71 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 71 71 71
Iraq 71 71 71 71 71
Saudi Arabia 71 71 71 72 72
Bulgaria 71 71 71 70 71
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Ecuador 71 71 72 72 73
Bahamas, The 71 71 71 72 72
Tunisia 71 71 72 72 72
Palau 72
Malaysia 72 72 72 72 72
Venezuela, RB 72 72 72 72 72
Poland 72 72 72 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 72 73 73
Barbados 72 72 72 72 73
New Caledonia 71 72 72 72 74
Lebanon 72 72 73 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 72 73 73
Croatia 72 72 72 72 72
Vietnam 72 72 72 73 73
Albania 72 72 73 73 73
Slovak Republic 72 72 73 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 72 72 73 73 73
Argentina 72 73 73 73 73
Mexico 72 73 73 73 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Czech Republic 73 73 74 74 75
United Arab Emirates 73 73 73 74 74
Guam 73 73 74 74 74
Korea, Rep. 73 73 74 74 75
Uruguay 73 74 74 74 74
Bahrain 73 74 74 74 74
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
Slovenia 73 74 74 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 75 75
Panama 74 74 74 75 75
Montenegro 75 75 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 75 76
Chile 75 75 75 76 76
Denmark 75 75 76 76 76
Portugal 75 75 75 75 76
Cuba 75 75 76 76 76
Ireland 75 76 76 76 76
United States 76 76 76 76 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 76 76 77
Qatar 76 76 76 76 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 76 77 77 77
Singapore 76 76 77 77 77
Finland 76 76 77 77 77
Germany 76 76 77 77 77
Macao SAR, China 76 77 77 77 77
Luxembourg 76 77 77 77 77
Austria 76 77 77 77 78
New Zealand 77 77 77 77 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 77
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 77
Belgium 77 77 77 77 77
Malta 77 77 77 78 77
Cyprus 77 77 77 78 78
Liechtenstein 78 77 77 76 78
Netherlands 77 77 77 78 78
Israel 77 77 78 78 78
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
France 78 78 78 78 79
Faeroe Islands 78 78 78 78 78
Australia 78 78 78 78 79
Canada 78 78 78 78 79
Spain 78 78 78 79 79
Iceland 79 78 79 79 80
Italy 78 78 79 79 79
Switzerland 78 78 79 79 79
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 79 80 80 80
Sweden 79 79 79 79 79
Japan 80 80 80 80 81
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Bermuda
Dominica 76
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Monaco
American Samoa
Isle of Man 77
Curacao
San Marino 79 79 80
Cayman Islands
Seychelles 71
Marshall Islands
Serbia 72
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands

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