Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 31 35 39 43 46
Sierra Leone 36 36 36 37 37
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Angola 42 43 43 44 44
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Mozambique 46 46 47 47 47
Uganda 46 46 46 47 47
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 47 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Burundi 47 47 47 48 48
Malawi 47 46 46 46 46
South Sudan 47 47 48 48 49
Niger 47 48 49 49 50
Somalia 47 48 49 50 50
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 48 48
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 50
Ethiopia 49 50 50 51 52
Burkina Faso 49 49 50 50 50
Cote d'Ivoire 50 49 48 47 47
Liberia 50 51 52 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 51 51 51
Zimbabwe 51 50 48 46 45
Guinea 52 52 52 51 51
Afghanistan 52 53 54 54 54
Eritrea 52 53 54 55 55
Congo, Rep. 53 53 52 52 52
Cameroon 53 53 53 52 52
Gambia, The 54 54 54 55 55
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Madagascar 55 55 56 57 58
Togo 55 54 54 54 54
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Kenya 56 55 54 54 53
Haiti 56 56 57 57 57
Swaziland 56 55 53 52 50
Bhutan 56 57 58 59 60
Sudan 57 57 57 57 58
Comoros 57 57 57 57 58
Lesotho 57 55 53 51 49
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Papua New Guinea 57 58 58 58 58
Senegal 57 57 57 57 58
Ghana 58 57 57 57 57
Botswana 58 56 55 53 52
Cambodia 58 58 59 60 61
Lao PDR 58 59 60 60 61
Nepal 59 60 60 61 61
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 60
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 60 60 60
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 62
Namibia 60 59 58 57 56
India 60 61 61 61 62
Myanmar 60 61 61 61 62
Bolivia 61 61 62 62 63
Gabon 61 61 61 60 60
Mongolia 61 61 62 62 62
South Africa 61 61 60 58 57
Tajikistan 62 63 63 63 63
Pakistan 63 63 63 63 64
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Kiribati 63 63 63 64 64
Bangladesh 63 63 64 64 65
Guyana 63 63 63 63 63
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 64 64
Azerbaijan 65 65 65 66 66
Maldives 65 65 66 67 68
Kazakhstan 65 64 64 65 66
Guatemala 65 66 66 67 67
Russian Federation 65 66 67 67 66
Vanuatu 65 66 66 67 67
Indonesia 65 66 66 67 67
Greenland 66 66 66 66 66
Kyrgyz Republic 66 67 67 67 67
Philippines 66 66 66 66 67
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 65 64 64 64
Uzbekistan 66 66 67 67 67
Latvia 66 69 69 69 70
Fiji 67 67 67 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 68 68 68
Morocco 67 67 67 68 68
Turkey 67 68 68 69 69
Ukraine 67 67 67 68 68
Nicaragua 67 68 68 69 69
Cabo Verde 67 68 68 69 69
Samoa 68 68 68 69 69
Estonia 68 70 70 69 70
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 69
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Algeria 68 68 68 69 69
Peru 68 69 69 70 70
Bosnia and Herzegovina 68 70 72 73 74
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 69 69
Belarus 68 69 68 68 68
Brazil 68 69 69 70 70
Armenia 69 69 70 70 71
El Salvador 69 69 69 69 69
Honduras 69 69 70 70 70
Paraguay 69 69 69 70 70
Lithuania 69 70 71 71 72
Grenada 69 69 70 70 70
Sri Lanka 69 69 70 70 70
Colombia 69 70 70 70 71
Romania 69 69 69 70 71
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 70 71
Dominican Republic 70 70 70 70 70
Hungary 70 70 71 71 71
Oman 70 70 71 71 72
Tonga 70 70 70 70 71
Belize 70 70 70 70 70
Georgia 70 70 71 71 71
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Libya 70 71 71 71 72
Mauritius 70 70 70 71 71
China 70 71 71 71 72
Thailand 71 71 71 71 71
French Polynesia 71 71 71 72 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 71 71 72
Iraq 71 71 71 71 71
Saudi Arabia 71 71 72 72 72
Bulgaria 71 71 70 71 71
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Ecuador 71 72 72 73 73
Bahamas, The 71 71 72 72 72
Tunisia 71 72 72 72 73
Palau 72
Malaysia 72 72 72 72 73
Venezuela, RB 72 72 72 72 72
Poland 72 72 73 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 73 73 73
Barbados 72 72 72 73 73
New Caledonia 72 72 72 74 74
Lebanon 72 73 73 73 74
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 73 73 73
Croatia 72 72 72 72 73
Vietnam 72 72 73 73 73
Albania 72 73 73 73 74
Slovak Republic 72 73 73 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 72 73 73 73 73
Argentina 73 73 73 73 74
Mexico 73 73 73 74 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Czech Republic 73 74 74 75 75
United Arab Emirates 73 73 74 74 74
Guam 73 74 74 74 75
Korea, Rep. 73 74 74 75 75
Uruguay 74 74 74 74 74
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 74
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
Slovenia 74 74 75 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 75 75 75
Panama 74 74 75 75 75
Montenegro 75 75 75 75 74
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 76 76
Chile 75 75 76 76 76
Denmark 75 76 76 76 76
Portugal 75 75 75 76 76
Cuba 75 76 76 76 76
Ireland 76 76 76 76 76
United States 76 76 76 77 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 76 77 77
Qatar 76 76 76 77 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 77 77 77 77
Singapore 76 77 77 77 78
Finland 76 77 77 77 77
Germany 76 77 77 77 78
Macao SAR, China 77 77 77 77 77
Luxembourg 77 77 77 77 78
Austria 77 77 77 78 78
New Zealand 77 77 77 78 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 78
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 77
Belgium 77 77 77 77 78
Malta 77 77 78 77 77
Cyprus 77 77 78 78 78
Faeroe Islands 77 78 78 78 78
Liechtenstein 77 77 76 78 79
Netherlands 77 77 78 78 78
Israel 77 78 78 78 79
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
France 78 78 78 79 79
Australia 78 78 78 79 79
Canada 78 78 78 79 79
Spain 78 78 79 79 79
Iceland 78 79 79 80 79
Italy 78 79 79 79 79
Switzerland 78 79 79 79 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 80 80 80 80
Sweden 79 79 79 79 79
Japan 80 80 80 81 81
Seychelles 71
Andorra
Dominica 76
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Serbia 72
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Taiwan, China
Bermuda
Marshall Islands 68
San Marino 79 79 80 81
Monaco

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