Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 31 35 39 43 46
Sierra Leone 36 36 36 37 37
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Angola 42 43 43 44 44
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Uganda 46 46 46 47 47
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Mozambique 46 46 47 47 47
Malawi 47 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 47 47 47
Burundi 47 47 47 48 48
South Sudan 47 47 48 48 49
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 48 48
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Niger 47 48 49 49 50
Somalia 47 48 49 50 50
Cote d'Ivoire 50 49 48 47 47
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 50
Burkina Faso 49 49 50 50 50
Zimbabwe 51 50 48 46 45
Ethiopia 49 50 50 51 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 51 51 51
Liberia 50 51 52 52 52
Guinea 52 52 52 51 51
Congo, Rep. 53 53 52 52 52
Afghanistan 52 53 54 54 54
Cameroon 53 53 53 52 52
Eritrea 52 53 54 55 55
Gambia, The 54 54 54 55 55
Togo 55 54 54 54 54
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Swaziland 56 55 53 52 50
Lesotho 57 55 53 51 49
Kenya 56 55 54 54 53
Madagascar 55 55 56 57 58
Botswana 58 56 55 53 52
Haiti 56 56 57 57 57
Sudan 57 57 57 57 58
Comoros 57 57 57 57 58
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Bhutan 56 57 58 59 60
Senegal 57 57 57 57 58
Ghana 58 57 57 57 57
Papua New Guinea 57 58 58 58 58
Cambodia 58 58 59 60 61
Lao PDR 58 59 60 60 61
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 60
Namibia 60 59 58 57 56
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 60 60 60
Nepal 59 60 60 61 61
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 62
India 60 61 61 61 62
South Africa 61 61 60 58 57
Myanmar 60 61 61 61 62
Gabon 61 61 61 60 60
Mongolia 61 61 62 62 62
Bolivia 61 61 62 62 63
Tajikistan 62 63 63 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Pakistan 63 63 63 63 64
Guyana 63 63 63 63 63
Kiribati 63 63 63 64 64
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 64 64
Bangladesh 63 63 64 64 65
Kazakhstan 65 64 64 65 66
Azerbaijan 65 65 65 66 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 65 64 64 64
Maldives 65 65 66 67 68
Guatemala 65 66 66 67 67
Greenland 66 66 66 66 66
Indonesia 65 66 66 67 67
Vanuatu 65 66 66 67 67
Philippines 66 66 66 66 67
Russian Federation 65 66 67 67 66
Uzbekistan 66 66 67 67 67
Kyrgyz Republic 66 67 67 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Fiji 67 67 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Ukraine 67 67 67 68 68
Morocco 67 67 67 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 68 68 68
Turkey 67 68 68 69 69
Nicaragua 67 68 68 69 69
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Cabo Verde 67 68 68 69 69
Samoa 68 68 68 69 69
Algeria 68 68 68 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 69
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 69 69
Peru 68 69 69 70 70
Belarus 68 69 68 68 68
Latvia 66 69 69 69 70
Brazil 68 69 69 70 70
El Salvador 69 69 69 69 69
Romania 69 69 69 70 71
Paraguay 69 69 69 70 70
Armenia 69 69 70 70 71
Honduras 69 69 70 70 70
Sri Lanka 69 69 70 70 70
Grenada 69 69 70 70 70
Estonia 68 70 70 69 70
Colombia 69 70 70 70 71
Dominican Republic 70 70 70 70 70
Bosnia and Herzegovina 68 70 72 73 74
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 70 71
Belize 70 70 70 70 70
Lithuania 69 70 71 71 72
Tonga 70 70 70 70 71
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Mauritius 70 70 70 71 71
Hungary 70 70 71 71 71
Georgia 70 70 71 71 71
Oman 70 70 71 71 72
China 70 71 71 71 72
Thailand 71 71 71 71 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Libya 70 71 71 71 72
Bulgaria 71 71 70 71 71
French Polynesia 71 71 71 72 72
Iraq 71 71 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 71 71 72
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Saudi Arabia 71 71 72 72 72
Bahamas, The 71 71 72 72 72
Tunisia 71 72 72 72 73
Ecuador 71 72 72 73 73
Venezuela, RB 72 72 72 72 72
New Caledonia 72 72 72 74 74
Malaysia 72 72 72 72 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 73 73 73
Barbados 72 72 72 73 73
Poland 72 72 73 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 73 73 73
Croatia 72 72 72 72 73
Vietnam 72 72 73 73 73
Lebanon 72 73 73 73 74
Albania 72 73 73 73 74
Antigua and Barbuda 72 73 73 73 73
Slovak Republic 72 73 73 73 73
Argentina 73 73 73 73 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Mexico 73 73 73 74 74
United Arab Emirates 73 73 74 74 74
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
Guam 73 74 74 74 75
Czech Republic 73 74 74 75 75
Uruguay 74 74 74 74 74
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 74
Korea, Rep. 73 74 74 75 75
Panama 74 74 75 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 75 75 75
Slovenia 74 74 75 75 75
Montenegro 75 75 75 75 74
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 76 76
Portugal 75 75 75 76 76
Chile 75 75 76 76 76
Denmark 75 76 76 76 76
Cuba 75 76 76 76 76
Ireland 76 76 76 76 76
United States 76 76 76 77 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 76 77 77
Qatar 76 76 76 77 77
Luxembourg 77 77 77 77 78
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 77 77 77 77
Singapore 76 77 77 77 78
Germany 76 77 77 77 78
Finland 76 77 77 77 77
Macao SAR, China 77 77 77 77 77
New Zealand 77 77 77 78 78
Liechtenstein 77 77 76 78 79
Austria 77 77 77 78 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 78
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 77
Malta 77 77 78 77 77
Belgium 77 77 77 77 78
Cyprus 77 77 78 78 78
Netherlands 77 77 78 78 78
Faeroe Islands 77 78 78 78 78
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
France 78 78 78 79 79
Australia 78 78 78 79 79
Israel 77 78 78 78 79
Spain 78 78 79 79 79
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
Canada 78 78 78 79 79
Italy 78 79 79 79 79
Iceland 78 79 79 80 79
Switzerland 78 79 79 79 80
Sweden 79 79 79 79 79
San Marino 79 79 80 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 80 80 80 80
Japan 80 80 80 81 81
Cayman Islands
Serbia 72
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands 68
American Samoa
Dominica 76
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles 71
Bermuda
Curacao
Taiwan, China
Andorra
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Monaco
Isle of Man
Palau 72

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