Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Sierra Leone 36 36 36 37 37
Rwanda 31 35 39 43 46
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Angola 42 43 43 44 44
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Malawi 47 46 46 46 46
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Uganda 46 46 46 47 47
Chad 46 46 47 47 47
Mozambique 46 46 47 47 47
Burundi 47 47 47 48 48
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 48 48
Zimbabwe 51 50 48 46 45
South Sudan 47 47 48 48 49
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Cote d'Ivoire 50 49 48 47 47
Niger 47 48 49 49 50
Somalia 47 48 49 50 50
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 50
Burkina Faso 49 49 50 50 50
Ethiopia 49 50 50 51 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 51 51 51
Guinea 52 52 52 51 51
Liberia 50 51 52 52 52
Congo, Rep. 53 53 52 52 52
Cameroon 53 53 53 52 52
Lesotho 57 55 53 51 49
Swaziland 56 55 53 52 50
Afghanistan 52 53 54 54 54
Togo 55 54 54 54 54
Eritrea 52 53 54 55 55
Gambia, The 54 54 54 55 55
Kenya 56 55 54 54 53
Botswana 58 56 55 53 52
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Madagascar 55 55 56 57 58
Haiti 56 56 57 57 57
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Sudan 57 57 57 57 58
Ghana 58 57 57 57 57
Comoros 57 57 57 57 58
Senegal 57 57 57 57 58
Papua New Guinea 57 58 58 58 58
Bhutan 56 57 58 59 60
Namibia 60 59 58 57 56
Cambodia 58 58 59 60 61
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 60
Lao PDR 58 59 60 60 61
South Africa 61 61 60 58 57
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 60 60 60
Nepal 59 60 60 61 61
Gabon 61 61 61 60 60
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 62
India 60 61 61 61 62
Myanmar 60 61 61 61 62
Mongolia 61 61 62 62 62
Bolivia 61 61 62 62 63
Tajikistan 62 63 63 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Pakistan 63 63 63 63 64
Guyana 63 63 63 63 63
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 64 64
Kiribati 63 63 63 64 64
Bangladesh 63 63 64 64 65
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 65 64 64 64
Kazakhstan 65 64 64 65 66
Azerbaijan 65 65 65 66 66
Greenland 66 66 66 66 66
Guatemala 65 66 66 67 67
Indonesia 65 66 66 67 67
Vanuatu 65 66 66 67 67
Philippines 66 66 66 66 67
Maldives 65 65 66 67 68
Uzbekistan 66 66 67 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Kyrgyz Republic 66 67 67 67 67
Russian Federation 65 66 67 67 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Fiji 67 67 67 67 67
Ukraine 67 67 67 68 68
Morocco 67 67 67 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 68 68 68
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Turkey 67 68 68 69 69
Nicaragua 67 68 68 69 69
Cabo Verde 67 68 68 69 69
Algeria 68 68 68 69 69
Samoa 68 68 68 69 69
Belarus 68 69 68 68 68
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 69
Kosovo 69 69 69 69 67
Romania 69 69 69 70 71
Peru 68 69 69 70 70
El Salvador 69 69 69 69 69
Brazil 68 69 69 70 70
Paraguay 69 69 69 70 70
Latvia 66 69 69 69 70
Sri Lanka 69 69 70 70 70
Honduras 69 69 70 70 70
Grenada 69 69 70 70 70
Armenia 69 69 70 70 71
Estonia 68 70 70 69 70
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Belize 70 70 70 70 70
Colombia 69 70 70 70 71
Dominican Republic 70 70 70 70 70
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 70 71
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Bulgaria 71 71 70 71 71
Tonga 70 70 70 70 71
Mauritius 70 70 70 71 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Thailand 71 71 71 71 71
Hungary 70 70 71 71 71
Georgia 70 70 71 71 71
China 70 71 71 71 72
Lithuania 69 70 71 71 72
Libya 70 71 71 71 72
Oman 70 70 71 71 72
Iraq 71 71 71 71 71
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 71 71 72
French Polynesia 71 71 71 72 72
Seychelles 71
Bahamas, The 71 71 72 72 72
Bosnia and Herzegovina 68 70 72 73 74
Saudi Arabia 71 71 72 72 72
New Caledonia 72 72 72 74 74
Tunisia 71 72 72 72 73
Serbia 72
Venezuela, RB 72 72 72 72 72
Ecuador 71 72 72 73 73
Malaysia 72 72 72 72 73
Barbados 72 72 72 73 73
Croatia 72 72 72 72 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 73 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 73 73 73
Poland 72 72 73 73 73
Slovak Republic 72 73 73 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 72 73 73 73 73
Vietnam 72 72 73 73 73
Albania 72 73 73 73 74
Lebanon 72 73 73 73 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Argentina 73 73 73 73 74
Mexico 73 73 73 74 74
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
United Arab Emirates 73 73 74 74 74
Czech Republic 73 74 74 75 75
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 74
Uruguay 74 74 74 74 74
Guam 73 74 74 74 75
Korea, Rep. 73 74 74 75 75
Panama 74 74 75 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 75 75 75
Slovenia 74 74 75 75 75
Montenegro 75 75 75 75 74
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 76 76
Portugal 75 75 75 76 76
Chile 75 75 76 76 76
Denmark 75 76 76 76 76
Dominica 76
Cuba 75 76 76 76 76
Ireland 76 76 76 76 76
Liechtenstein 77 77 76 78 79
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 76 77 77
Qatar 76 76 76 77 77
United States 76 76 76 77 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 77 77 77 77
Finland 76 77 77 77 77
Luxembourg 77 77 77 77 78
Macao SAR, China 77 77 77 77 77
Singapore 76 77 77 77 78
Germany 76 77 77 77 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 78
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 77
New Zealand 77 77 77 78 78
Belgium 77 77 77 77 78
Austria 77 77 77 78 78
Cyprus 77 77 78 78 78
Malta 77 77 78 77 77
Netherlands 77 77 78 78 78
Israel 77 78 78 78 79
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
Faeroe Islands 78 78 78 78 79
France 78 78 78 79 79
Australia 78 78 78 79 79
Canada 78 78 78 79 79
Spain 78 78 79 79 79
Italy 78 79 79 79 79
Iceland 78 79 79 80 79
Switzerland 78 79 79 79 80
Sweden 79 79 79 79 79
San Marino 79 79 80 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 80 80 80 80
Japan 80 80 80 81 81
Tuvalu
Curacao
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands 68
Palau 72
Bermuda
American Samoa

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