Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Sierra Leone 36 36 36 37 37
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Rwanda 31 35 39 43 46
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Angola 42 43 43 44 44
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Malawi 47 46 46 46 46
Zimbabwe 51 50 48 46 45
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 47 47 47
Uganda 46 46 46 47 47
Mozambique 46 46 47 47 47
Cote d'Ivoire 50 49 48 47 47
Burundi 47 47 47 48 48
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 48 48
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
South Sudan 47 47 48 48 49
Niger 47 48 49 49 50
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 50
Somalia 47 48 49 50 50
Burkina Faso 49 49 50 50 50
Ethiopia 49 50 50 51 52
Lesotho 57 55 53 51 49
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 51 51 51
Guinea 52 52 52 51 51
Swaziland 56 55 53 52 50
Liberia 50 51 52 52 52
Congo, Rep. 53 53 52 52 52
Cameroon 53 53 53 52 52
Botswana 58 56 55 53 52
Kenya 56 55 54 54 53
Togo 55 54 54 54 54
Afghanistan 52 53 54 54 54
Gambia, The 54 54 54 55 55
Eritrea 52 53 54 55 55
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Haiti 56 56 57 57 57
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Madagascar 55 55 56 57 58
Ghana 58 57 57 57 57
Namibia 60 59 58 57 56
Sudan 57 57 57 57 58
Senegal 57 57 57 57 58
Comoros 57 57 57 57 58
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 59
Papua New Guinea 57 58 58 58 58
South Africa 61 61 60 58 57
Bhutan 56 57 58 59 60
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 60
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 60 60 60
Cambodia 58 58 59 60 61
Gabon 61 61 61 60 60
Lao PDR 58 59 60 60 61
Nepal 59 60 60 61 61
India 60 61 61 61 62
Myanmar 60 61 61 61 62
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 62 62
Mongolia 61 61 62 62 62
Bolivia 61 61 62 62 63
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Tajikistan 62 63 63 63 63
Guyana 63 63 63 63 63
Pakistan 63 63 63 63 64
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 64 64
Kiribati 63 63 63 64 64
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 65 64 64 64
Bangladesh 63 63 64 64 65
Kazakhstan 65 64 64 65 66
Azerbaijan 65 65 65 66 66
Greenland 66 66 66 66 66
Philippines 66 66 66 66 67
Indonesia 65 66 66 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Guatemala 65 66 66 67 67
Uzbekistan 66 66 67 67 67
Vanuatu 65 66 66 67 67
Russian Federation 65 66 67 67 66
Kyrgyz Republic 66 67 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Fiji 67 67 67 67 67
Maldives 65 65 66 67 68
Morocco 67 67 67 68 68
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Ukraine 67 67 67 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 68 68 68
Belarus 68 69 68 68 68
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 69 69
Algeria 68 68 68 69 69
Cabo Verde 67 68 68 69 69
Nicaragua 67 68 68 69 69
Samoa 68 68 68 69 69
Turkey 67 68 68 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 68 69 69 69
Kosovo 69 69 69 69 67
Latvia 66 69 69 69 70
El Salvador 69 69 69 69 69
Estonia 68 70 70 69 70
Peru 68 69 69 70 70
Paraguay 69 69 69 70 70
Brazil 68 69 69 70 70
Romania 69 69 69 70 71
Grenada 69 69 70 70 70
Sri Lanka 69 69 70 70 70
Honduras 69 69 70 70 70
Belize 70 70 70 70 70
Armenia 69 69 70 70 71
Dominican Republic 70 70 70 70 70
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Colombia 69 70 70 70 71
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 70 71
Tonga 70 70 70 70 71
Hungary 70 70 71 71 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Mauritius 70 70 70 71 71
Thailand 71 71 71 71 71
Iraq 71 71 71 71 71
Georgia 70 70 71 71 71
Bulgaria 71 71 70 71 71
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Lithuania 69 70 71 71 72
China 70 71 71 71 72
Libya 70 71 71 71 72
Jordan 71 71 71 71 72
Oman 70 70 71 71 72
French Polynesia 71 71 71 72 72
Bahamas, The 71 71 72 72 72
Saudi Arabia 71 71 72 72 72
Tunisia 71 72 72 72 73
Venezuela, RB 72 72 72 72 72
Croatia 72 72 72 72 73
Malaysia 72 72 72 72 73
Slovak Republic 72 73 73 73 73
Ecuador 71 72 72 73 73
Barbados 72 72 72 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 73 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 73 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 72 73 73 73 73
Poland 72 72 73 73 73
Bosnia and Herzegovina 68 70 72 73 74
Vietnam 72 72 73 73 73
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Argentina 73 73 73 73 74
Albania 72 73 73 73 74
Lebanon 72 73 73 73 74
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
Mexico 73 73 73 74 74
United Arab Emirates 73 73 74 74 74
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 74
Uruguay 74 74 74 74 74
New Caledonia 72 72 72 74 74
Guam 73 74 74 74 75
Czech Republic 73 74 74 75 75
Montenegro 75 75 75 75 74
Korea, Rep. 73 74 74 75 75
Panama 74 74 75 75 75
Slovenia 74 74 75 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 76 76
Portugal 75 75 75 76 76
Chile 75 75 76 76 76
Denmark 75 76 76 76 76
Ireland 76 76 76 76 76
Cuba 75 76 76 76 76
Qatar 76 76 76 77 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 76 77 77
United States 76 76 76 77 77
Luxembourg 77 77 77 77 78
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 77 77 77 77
Finland 76 77 77 77 77
Macao SAR, China 77 77 77 77 77
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 77
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 78
Malta 77 77 78 77 77
Singapore 76 77 77 77 78
Belgium 77 77 77 77 78
Germany 76 77 77 77 78
Austria 77 77 77 78 78
Cyprus 77 77 78 78 78
Liechtenstein 77 77 76 78 79
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
Netherlands 77 77 78 78 78
New Zealand 77 77 77 78 78
Israel 77 78 78 78 79
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
Faeroe Islands 78 78 78 78 79
France 78 78 78 79 79
Australia 78 78 78 79 79
Canada 78 78 78 79 79
Spain 78 78 79 79 79
Italy 78 79 79 79 79
Switzerland 78 79 79 79 80
Sweden 79 79 79 79 79
Iceland 78 79 79 80 79
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 80 80 80 80
San Marino 79 79 80 81
Japan 80 80 80 81 81
Cayman Islands
Dominica 76
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles 71
Serbia 72
Marshall Islands 68
Palau 72
Curacao
American Samoa

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