Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Sierra Leone 36 36 36 36 37
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Rwanda 28 31 35 39 43
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Angola 42 42 43 43 44
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 46 46 46 46
Malawi 47 47 46 46 46
Zimbabwe 53 51 50 48 46
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 46 47 47
Uganda 46 46 46 46 47
Mozambique 45 46 46 47 47
Cote d'Ivoire 50 50 49 48 47
Burundi 46 47 47 47 48
Equatorial Guinea 47 48 48 48 48
Mali 48 48 48 48 48
South Sudan 46 47 47 48 48
Niger 46 47 48 49 49
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 49
Somalia 46 47 48 49 50
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 50 50
Ethiopia 49 49 50 50 51
Lesotho 58 57 55 53 51
Guinea-Bissau 50 51 51 51 51
Guinea 52 52 52 52 51
Swaziland 58 56 55 53 52
Liberia 49 50 51 52 52
Congo, Rep. 53 53 53 52 52
Cameroon 53 53 53 53 52
Botswana 59 58 56 55 53
Kenya 57 56 55 54 54
Togo 55 55 54 54 54
Afghanistan 52 52 53 54 54
Gambia, The 53 54 54 54 55
Eritrea 52 52 53 54 55
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Fragile and conflict affected situations 55 56 56 56 56
Haiti 56 56 56 57 57
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Madagascar 54 55 55 56 57
Ghana 58 58 57 57 57
Namibia 61 60 59 58 57
Sudan 56 57 57 57 57
Senegal 57 57 57 57 57
Comoros 56 57 57 57 57
Timor-Leste 52 54 55 56 57
Papua New Guinea 57 57 58 58 58
South Africa 62 61 61 60 58
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 59
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 59 60 60
Cambodia 57 58 58 59 60
Gabon 61 61 61 61 60
Lao PDR 57 58 59 60 60
Nepal 58 59 60 60 61
India 60 60 61 61 61
Myanmar 60 60 61 61 61
Solomon Islands 59 60 60 61 62
Mongolia 61 61 61 62 62
Bolivia 61 61 61 62 62
Sao Tome and Principe 62 63 63 63 63
Tajikistan 62 62 63 63 63
Guyana 63 63 63 63 63
Pakistan 62 63 63 63 63
Turkmenistan 63 63 63 63 64
Kiribati 62 63 63 63 64
Korea, Dem. Rep. 67 66 65 64 64
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Kazakhstan 66 65 64 64 65
Azerbaijan 64 65 65 65 66
Greenland 66 66 66 66 66
Philippines 66 66 66 66 66
Indonesia 65 65 66 66 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Guatemala 64 65 66 66 67
Uzbekistan 66 66 66 67 67
Vanuatu 65 65 66 66 67
Russian Federation 64 65 66 67 67
Kyrgyz Republic 66 66 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Fiji 66 67 67 67 67
Maldives 64 65 65 66 67
Morocco 67 67 67 67 68
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Ukraine 68 67 67 67 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 66 67 67 68 68
Belarus 69 68 69 68 68
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 69
Algeria 68 68 68 68 69
Cabo Verde 67 67 68 68 69
Nicaragua 67 67 68 68 69
Samoa 67 68 68 68 69
Turkey 66 67 68 68 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
Kosovo 68 69 69 69 69
Latvia 66 66 69 69 69
El Salvador 68 69 69 69 69
Estonia 67 68 70 70 69
Peru 68 68 69 69 70
Paraguay 69 69 69 69 70
Brazil 68 68 69 69 70
Romania 70 69 69 69 70
Grenada 69 69 69 70 70
Sri Lanka 70 69 69 70 70
Honduras 68 69 69 70 70
Belize 70 70 70 70 70
Armenia 68 69 69 70 70
Dominican Republic 69 70 70 70 70
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Colombia 69 69 70 70 70
West Bank and Gaza 69 70 70 70 70
Tonga 70 70 70 70 70
Hungary 69 70 70 71 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Mauritius 70 70 70 70 71
Thailand 71 71 71 71 71
Iraq 71 71 71 71 71
Georgia 70 70 70 71 71
Bulgaria 71 71 71 70 71
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Lithuania 69 69 70 71 71
China 70 70 71 71 71
Libya 70 70 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 71 71 71
Oman 69 70 70 71 71
French Polynesia 70 71 71 71 72
Bahamas, The 71 71 71 72 72
Central Europe and the Baltics 71 71 71 72 72
Saudi Arabia 71 71 71 72 72
Tunisia 71 71 72 72 72
Venezuela, RB 72 72 72 72 72
Croatia 72 72 72 72 72
Malaysia 72 72 72 72 72
Slovak Republic 72 72 73 73 73
Ecuador 71 71 72 72 73
Barbados 72 72 72 72 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 72 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 72 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 72 72 73 73 73
Poland 72 72 72 73 73
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 68 70 72 73
Vietnam 72 72 72 73 73
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Argentina 72 73 73 73 73
Albania 72 72 73 73 73
Lebanon 72 72 73 73 73
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
Mexico 72 73 73 73 74
United Arab Emirates 73 73 73 74 74
Bahrain 73 74 74 74 74
Uruguay 73 74 74 74 74
New Caledonia 71 72 72 72 74
Guam 73 73 74 74 74
Czech Republic 73 73 74 74 75
Montenegro 75 75 75 75 75
Korea, Rep. 73 73 74 74 75
Panama 74 74 74 75 75
Slovenia 73 74 74 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 75 76
Portugal 75 75 75 75 76
Chile 75 75 75 76 76
Denmark 75 75 76 76 76
Ireland 75 76 76 76 76
Cuba 75 75 76 76 76
Qatar 76 76 76 76 77
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 76 76 77
United States 76 76 76 76 77
Luxembourg 76 77 77 77 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 76 77 77 77
Finland 76 76 77 77 77
Macao SAR, China 76 77 77 77 77
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 77
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 77
Malta 77 77 77 78 77
Singapore 76 76 77 77 77
Belgium 77 77 77 77 77
Germany 76 76 77 77 77
Austria 76 77 77 77 78
Cyprus 77 77 77 78 78
Liechtenstein 78 77 77 76 78
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
Netherlands 77 77 77 78 78
New Zealand 77 77 77 77 78
Israel 77 77 78 78 78
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
Faeroe Islands 78 78 78 78 78
France 78 78 78 78 79
Australia 78 78 78 78 79
Canada 78 78 78 78 79
Spain 78 78 78 79 79
Italy 78 78 79 79 79
Switzerland 78 78 79 79 79
Sweden 79 79 79 79 79
Iceland 79 78 79 79 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 79 80 80 80
San Marino 79 79 80
Japan 80 80 80 80 81
Dominica 76
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Bermuda
Andorra
Curacao
Isle of Man 77
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles 71
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Serbia 72
Palau 72
Monaco
American Samoa
Cayman Islands

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