Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Sierra Leone 37 38 39 40 40
Zambia 41 42 43 43 45
Central African Republic 44 44 44 44 44
Angola 44 45 46 47 47
Zimbabwe 45 44 43 43 43
Rwanda 46 48 49 50 52
Malawi 46 46 46 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 47 47 47
Nigeria 46 47 47 47 48
Chad 47 47 47 47 47
Cote d'Ivoire 47 46 46 46 46
Mozambique 47 47 48 48 48
Uganda 47 48 49 50 51
Equatorial Guinea 48 48 48 48 48
Burundi 48 48 48 49 49
Mali 49 49 50 50 51
South Sudan 49 49 50 50 50
Lesotho 49 47 46 45 44
Tanzania 50 50 50 51 52
Niger 50 51 51 52 53
Burkina Faso 50 50 51 51 52
Swaziland 50 49 47 47 46
Somalia 50 51 51 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 52 52 52
Guinea 51 51 51 51 52
Ethiopia 52 52 53 54 55
Botswana 52 50 49 48 48
Cameroon 52 52 52 52 52
Congo, Rep. 52 52 52 53 53
Liberia 52 52 53 53 53
Kenya 53 53 53 53 53
Togo 54 54 54 54 54
Afghanistan 54 55 55 56 56
Gambia, The 55 55 55 56 56
Benin 55 55 55 56 56
Eritrea 55 56 57 57 58
Namibia 56 55 54 54 54
Ghana 57 57 57 57 58
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
South Africa 57 56 55 53 53
Haiti 57 57 58 58 58
Senegal 58 58 58 59 59
Comoros 58 58 58 58 59
Sudan 58 58 58 59 59
Madagascar 58 58 59 60 60
Papua New Guinea 58 59 59 60 60
Timor-Leste 59 59 60 61 62
Bhutan 60 60 61 62 63
Mauritania 60 60 60 60 60
Gabon 60 60 59 59 59
Yemen, Rep. 60 60 61 61 61
Cambodia 61 62 63 64 65
Lao PDR 61 62 62 63 63
Nepal 61 62 63 63 64
Myanmar 62 62 62 63 63
India 62 62 63 63 63
Solomon Islands 62 63 63 64 65
Mongolia 62 63 63 64 64
Bolivia 63 63 63 64 64
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 64 64
Guyana 63 63 64 64 64
Tajikistan 63 64 64 65 65
Pakistan 64 64 64 64 65
Turkmenistan 64 64 64 64 64
Kiribati 64 65 65 65 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 64 65 66 67 67
Bangladesh 65 65 66 66 67
Kazakhstan 66 66 66 66 66
Russian Federation 66 65 65 65 65
Azerbaijan 66 67 67 68 68
Greenland 66 67 68 68 68
Philippines 67 67 67 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 68
Uzbekistan 67 67 67 67 67
Indonesia 67 67 68 68 68
Kosovo 67 68 68 68 68
Kyrgyz Republic 67 69 69 68 68
Vanuatu 67 68 68 68 69
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 68 68
Guatemala 67 68 68 69 69
Fiji 67 68 68 68 68
Marshall Islands 68 65
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
Belarus 68 69 69 68 69
Morocco 68 68 68 69 69
Ukraine 68 68 68 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 68 69 69 69 69
Maldives 68 69 71 72 72
Trinidad and Tobago 69 69 69 69 69
Algeria 69 69 69 69 69
Samoa 69 69 70 70 70
Cabo Verde 69 70 70 71 71
Nicaragua 69 70 70 71 71
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69 70 70 70 71
El Salvador 69 70 70 70 70
Turkey 69 70 71 71 72
Latvia 70 70 71 71 71
Paraguay 70 70 70 71 71
Brazil 70 70 71 71 71
Peru 70 71 71 71 72
Grenada 70 70 70 71 71
Estonia 70 70 70 71 71
Honduras 70 70 71 71 71
Belize 70 71 71 71 71
Jamaica 70 70 71 71 71
Dominican Republic 70 71 71 71 71
Sri Lanka 70 71 72 73 73
Romania 71 71 71 71 71
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Tonga 71 71 71 71 71
Hungary 71 71 72 72 72
Colombia 71 71 71 72 72
West Bank and Gaza 71 71 71 71 71
Armenia 71 71 72 72 73
Thailand 71 71 71 71 72
Iraq 71 71 71 70 70
Mauritius 71 72 72 72 72
St. Lucia 71 71 72 72 72
Georgia 71 72 72 72 72
Bulgaria 71 72 72 72 72
Lithuania 72 72 72 72 72
Jordan 72 72 72 72 72
Libya 72 72 72 73 73
China 72 72 73 73 73
Oman 72 72 73 73 74
Bahamas, The 72 72 73 73 73
French Polynesia 72 72 73 73 74
Saudi Arabia 72 73 73 73 73
Venezuela, RB 72 72 73 73 73
Tunisia 73 73 73 73 73
Croatia 73 73 75 75 75
Malaysia 73 73 73 73 73
Barbados 73 73 73 73 74
Slovak Republic 73 73 73 74 74
Ecuador 73 73 74 74 74
Macedonia, FYR 73 73 73 74 74
Poland 73 74 74 74 75
Syrian Arab Republic 73 73 74 74 74
Antigua and Barbuda 73 73 74 74 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 74 74
Vietnam 73 74 74 74 74
Argentina 74 74 74 74 74
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
Albania 74 74 75 75 76
New Caledonia 74 75 75 75 75
Lebanon 74 74 75 75 76
Mexico 74 74 75 75 75
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74 75 75 75 75
United Arab Emirates 74 74 75 75 75
Montenegro 74 74 74 74 73
Bahrain 74 75 75 75 75
Uruguay 74 75 75 75 75
Czech Republic 75 75 75 75 75
Guam 75 75 75 76 76
Panama 75 75 75 75 76
Slovenia 75 75 76 76 77
Korea, Rep. 75 76 76 77 77
Puerto Rico 75 77 77 78 78
Brunei Darussalam 76 76 76 76 77
Portugal 76 76 77 77 77
Ireland 76 77 77 78 78
Denmark 76 77 77 77 77
Chile 76 77 77 77 78
Cuba 76 77 77 77 77
United States 77 77 77 77 77
Qatar 77 77 77 77 77
St. Martin (French part) 77 77 77 77 78
Finland 77 77 78 78 78
Malta 77 78 79 79 79
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 77 77 78 78 78
United Kingdom 77 78 78 78 78
Macao SAR, China 77 78 78 78 78
Singapore 78 78 78 79 79
Costa Rica 78 78 78 78 78
Belgium 78 78 78 78 78
Germany 78 78 78 78 78
Luxembourg 78 78 78 78 78
Austria 78 78 79 79 79
Netherlands 78 78 78 78 78
Cyprus 78 78 78 78 78
New Zealand 78 79 79 79 79
Greece 78 78 78 79 79
Norway 78 79 79 79 79
Faeroe Islands 79 79 79 79 79
Israel 79 79 79 79 80
Spain 79 79 79 80 80
France 79 79 79 79 79
Canada 79 79 79 80 80
Australia 79 79 80 80 80
Liechtenstein 79 77 79 80 80
Iceland 79 80 81 81 81
Italy 79 80 80 80 80
Sweden 79 80 80 80 80
Switzerland 80 80 80 80 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 80 81 81 81 81
San Marino 81 81 81 81 81
Japan 81 81 81 82 82
Andorra
Palau 70
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda 78 78 78 78
Cayman Islands
Dominica 77
St. Kitts and Nevis 71
Tuvalu
Isle of Man 78
Seychelles 73 71
Curacao
Serbia 72 72 72 72
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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