Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Sierra Leone 36 36 37 38 39
Rwanda 36 40 43 46 48
Zambia 42 42 42 43 43
Angola 43 43 44 44 45
Malawi 44 44 44 44 44
Uganda 44 44 45 46 46
Central African Republic 46 46 45 45 45
Zimbabwe 48 46 44 43 42
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 47
Mozambique 47 47 48 48 49
Chad 47 48 48 48 48
South Sudan 47 48 48 49 49
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Cote d'Ivoire 49 48 47 47 47
Niger 48 49 49 50 51
Tanzania 49 49 49 50 50
Somalia 48 49 50 50 51
Congo, Dem. Rep. 49 49 49 50 50
Burkina Faso 49 50 50 50 50
Burundi 49 50 51 51 51
Ethiopia 50 50 51 51 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 51 51 51
Equatorial Guinea 51 51 51 52 52
Congo, Rep. 52 51 51 51 51
Guinea 52 52 51 51 51
Liberia 51 52 52 52 52
Kenya 53 52 52 51 51
Botswana 54 52 51 49 49
Cameroon 53 53 52 52 52
Lesotho 55 53 51 49 47
Swaziland 55 53 52 50 49
Togo 54 54 54 54 53
Eritrea 53 54 55 55 56
Afghanistan 54 54 54 55 55
Gambia, The 54 54 55 55 56
Benin 55 55 55 55 55
Cambodia 56 56 57 58 58
Timor-Leste 55 56 57 58 59
Madagascar 55 56 57 58 58
Haiti 57 57 57 57 58
Djibouti 57 57 57 57 57
Sudan 57 57 57 58 58
Ghana 57 57 57 57 57
Lao PDR 57 57 58 58 59
Senegal 57 57 57 58 58
Papua New Guinea 58 58 58 58 59
Bhutan 57 58 59 60 61
Namibia 59 58 57 56 55
Bolivia 58 59 60 60 61
Comoros 59 59 59 59 59
South Africa 61 60 58 57 56
Mauritania 60 60 60 60 60
Yemen, Rep. 59 60 60 60 60
Nepal 59 60 61 62 62
Gabon 61 60 60 60 59
Solomon Islands 60 61 62 62 63
Myanmar 61 61 61 62 62
India 61 61 62 62 63
Mongolia 61 62 62 62 63
Pakistan 62 62 62 63 63
Tajikistan 63 63 63 63 64
Sao Tome and Principe 63 63 63 63 63
Kiribati 63 63 63 64 64
Bangladesh 63 63 64 65 65
Turkmenistan 63 63 64 64 64
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 65 64 64 64 65
Kazakhstan 64 64 65 66 66
Guyana 64 65 65 65 65
Azerbaijan 65 65 66 66 67
Indonesia 65 66 66 66 66
Greenland 66 66 66 66 67
Guatemala 66 66 67 67 68
Philippines 66 66 66 67 67
Vanuatu 66 66 67 67 68
Uzbekistan 66 67 67 67 67
Moldova 67 67 67 67 67
Kyrgyz Republic 67 67 67 69 69
Russian Federation 66 67 67 66 65
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Fiji 67 67 67 67 68
Maldives 66 67 68 69 70
Ukraine 67 67 68 68 68
Morocco 67 67 68 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 68 68 68 69
Suriname 68 68 68 68 68
El Salvador 68 68 68 68 69
Turkey 68 68 69 69 70
Nicaragua 68 68 69 69 70
Samoa 68 68 69 69 69
Belarus 69 68 68 68 69
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 69 69 69
Cabo Verde 68 69 69 69 70
Brazil 68 69 69 70 70
Belize 69 69 69 68 68
Algeria 69 69 69 70 70
Iraq 69 69 69 69 69
Romania 69 69 70 71 71
Peru 69 69 70 70 71
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69 69 69 70 70
Paraguay 69 69 70 70 70
Latvia 69 69 69 70 70
Sri Lanka 69 70 70 70 71
Honduras 69 70 70 70 70
Grenada 69 70 70 70 70
Armenia 69 70 70 71 71
Estonia 70 70 69 70 70
St. Kitts and Nevis 70
Colombia 70 70 70 71 71
Dominican Republic 70 70 70 70 71
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 71 71
Libya 70 70 70 70 71
Thailand 70 70 70 70 71
Bulgaria 71 70 71 71 72
Tonga 70 70 70 71 71
Mauritius 70 70 71 71 72
China 70 71 71 71 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 71 71 71 71 71
Hungary 70 71 71 71 71
Georgia 70 71 71 71 72
Lithuania 70 71 71 72 72
Oman 70 71 71 72 72
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Jordan 71 71 71 72 72
French Polynesia 71 71 72 72 72
Seychelles 71
Venezuela, RB 71 72 72 72 72
Bahamas, The 71 72 72 72 72
New Caledonia 72 72 74 74 75
Saudi Arabia 71 72 72 72 73
Tunisia 72 72 72 73 73
Ecuador 72 72 72 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 72 72 73
Jamaica 72 72 72 72 72
Serbia 72 72
Malaysia 72 72 72 73 73
Vietnam 72 72 73 73 73
Croatia 72 72 72 73 73
Macedonia, FYR 72 73 73 73 73
Poland 72 73 73 73 74
Barbados 72 73 73 73 73
Slovak Republic 73 73 73 73 73
Antigua and Barbuda 73 73 73 73 73
Bosnia and Herzegovina 72 73 73 74 74
Albania 73 73 73 74 74
Lebanon 73 73 73 74 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Argentina 73 73 73 74 74
Mexico 73 73 74 74 74
Montenegro 74 74 73 73 73
Aruba 74 74 74 74 74
United Arab Emirates 73 74 74 74 74
Czech Republic 74 74 75 75 75
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 75
Uruguay 74 74 74 74 75
Guam 74 74 74 75 75
Korea, Rep. 74 74 75 75 76
Panama 74 75 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 75 75 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 75 75 75 77
Slovenia 74 75 75 75 75
Portugal 75 75 76 76 76
Chile 75 76 76 76 77
Cuba 76 76 76 76 77
Denmark 76 76 76 76 77
Dominica 76
Ireland 76 76 76 76 77
Liechtenstein 77 76 78 79 77
Qatar 76 76 76 76 76
St. Martin (French part) 76 76 77 77 77
United States 76 76 77 77 77
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 77 77 77 77 77
Finland 77 77 77 77 77
Luxembourg 77 77 77 78 78
Singapore 77 77 77 78 78
Costa Rica 77 77 77 77 77
Macao SAR, China 77 77 77 77 78
Germany 77 77 77 78 78
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 78
Austria 77 77 78 78 78
New Zealand 77 77 78 78 79
Belgium 77 77 77 78 78
Cyprus 77 78 78 78 78
Malta 77 78 77 77 78
Netherlands 77 78 78 78 78
Faroe Islands 78 78 78 78 78
Israel 78 78 78 79 79
Greece 78 78 78 78 78
Norway 78 78 78 78 79
France 78 78 79 79 79
Australia 78 78 79 79 79
Canada 78 78 79 79 79
Spain 78 79 79 79 79
Italy 79 79 79 79 80
Iceland 79 79 80 79 80
Switzerland 79 79 79 80 80
Sweden 79 79 79 79 80
San Marino 79 79 80 81 81
Hong Kong SAR, China 80 80 80 80 81
Japan 80 80 81 81 81
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands 68 65
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda 78
Palau 70
Isle of Man
American Samoa

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