Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Rwanda 49 48 45 41 37
Sierra Leone 40 40 39 39 38
Angola 41 41 41 41 41
South Sudan 40 41 42 42 43
Mozambique 43 43 43 43 43
Niger 42 42 43 43 43
Zambia 48 47 46 46 45
Somalia 46 46 46 46 46
Mali 43 44 45 45 46
Nigeria 46 46 46 46 46
Equatorial Guinea 45 45 46 46 46
Chad 46 46 46 46 46
Ethiopia 45 45 46 46 47
Central African Republic 48 48 48 47 47
Malawi 46 46 47 47 47
Liberia 47 47 47 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Eritrea 45 46 46 47 47
Timor-Leste 43 45 46 47 48
Afghanistan 44 45 46 47 48
Burundi 49 49 48 48 48
Uganda 49 49 49 48 48
Guinea-Bissau 47 48 48 48 49
Guinea 45 46 47 48 49
Burkina Faso 49 49 49 49 49
Madagascar 50 50 50 50 51
Tanzania 51 51 51 51 51
Bhutan 49 49 50 51 52
Gambia, The 50 51 51 52 52
Benin 50 51 51 52 53
Cote d'Ivoire 53 53 53 53 53
Lao PDR 51 51 52 53 53
Cameroon 53 53 53 53 54
Haiti 53 53 53 54 54
Nepal 51 52 53 53 54
Cambodia 53 54 54 54 54
Comoros 54 54 55 55 55
Sudan 55 55 55 55 55
Papua New Guinea 55 55 55 55 55
Congo, Rep. 57 57 56 56 56
Togo 55 55 55 56 56
Ghana 54 55 55 56 56
Solomon Islands 57 57 56 56 56
Djibouti 55 56 56 56 56
Senegal 54 55 56 56 57
Yemen, Rep. 55 56 56 57 57
Mauritania 57 57 58 58 58
Bolivia 56 56 57 58 58
India 57 57 58 58 58
Myanmar 57 57 58 58 58
Lesotho 56 57 57 58 59
Swaziland 57 58 58 59 59
Kenya 60 60 60 60 59
Bangladesh 57 58 58 59 59
Maldives 57 57 58 59 60
Mongolia 58 59 59 60 60
Zimbabwe 61 61 61 61 60
Kiribati 58 59 59 60 60
Pakistan 60 60 60 61 61
Gabon 59 60 60 61 61
Namibia 60 60 61 61 61
Sao Tome and Principe 61 61 61 61 62
Guatemala 60 60 61 61 62
South Africa 60 60 61 61 62
Guyana 61 61 62 62 62
Iran, Islamic Rep. 56 57 59 60 62
Turkmenistan 62 62 63 63 63
Vanuatu 61 62 62 62 63
Indonesia 61 62 62 63 63
Tajikistan 63 63 63 63 63
Botswana 63 63 63 63 63
Nicaragua 61 61 62 63 63
Turkey 62 62 63 63 64
Morocco 61 62 63 63 64
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62 62 63 64 64
Samoa 62 63 63 64 65
Greenland 64 64 65 65 65
El Salvador 60 61 62 64 65
Philippines 64 64 64 65 65
Peru 63 63 64 65 65
Azerbaijan 65 66 66 65 65
Fiji 64 65 65 65 65
Cabo Verde 64 64 65 65 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 66
Brazil 65 65 65 66 66
Honduras 64 64 65 66 66
Algeria 64 65 66 66 66
Oman 64 65 65 66 67
Uzbekistan 67 67 67 67 67
Iraq 62 63 65 66 67
Suriname 67 67 67 67 67
Moldova 66 67 67 67 67
Dominican Republic 65 66 66 67 67
Kosovo 67 67 67 67 68
Paraguay 67 67 68 68 68
Armenia 70 69 69 68 68
Kyrgyz Republic 65 65 66 66 68
Trinidad and Tobago 68 68 68 68 68
Colombia 68 68 68 68 68
Libya 67 67 67 68 68
Tunisia 66 66 67 68 68
Grenada 67 68 68 68 68
Kazakhstan 69 69 69 69 68
Ecuador 66 67 67 68 68
French Polynesia 67 68 68 68 69
Saudi Arabia 67 67 68 68 69
Bosnia and Herzegovina 72 72 71 70 69
Korea, Dem. Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
Mauritius 68 68 69 69 69
Russian Federation 68 69 69 69 69
China 68 69 69 69 69
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
Hungary 69 69 70 70 69
Romania 70 69 69 69 70
Sri Lanka 69 69 69 69 70
Jordan 68 69 69 69 70
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 69 69 69 70 70
Syrian Arab Republic 68 69 69 70 70
Lebanon 69 69 69 70 70
Georgia 70 70 70 70 70
Estonia 69 70 71 71 70
Latvia 69 71 71 71 70
Vietnam 69 69 70 70 70
Thailand 68 69 69 70 70
New Caledonia 69 69 70 70 70
Mexico 69 69 70 70 70
Bahamas, The 70 70 70 70 70
Malaysia 70 70 70 70 71
Ukraine 70 70 70 70 71
Barbados 70 70 70 70 71
Jamaica 71 71 71 71 71
Korea, Rep. 69 69 70 70 71
Venezuela, RB 70 70 70 71 71
Antigua and Barbuda 70 70 70 71 71
St. Lucia 70 71 71 71 71
Macedonia, FYR 70 70 70 71 71
Slovak Republic 71 71 71 71 71
Poland 71 71 71 71 71
Belize 71 71 71 71 71
Argentina 71 71 71 71 71
United Arab Emirates 70 70 71 71 71
Lithuania 71 72 72 72 71
Belarus 71 72 71 71 72
Czech Republic 71 71 71 72 72
Bulgaria 71 72 72 72 72
Guam 71 71 71 72 72
Croatia 71 71 71 71 72
Albania 71 72 72 72 72
Kuwait 71 71 72 72 72
Bahrain 71 72 72 72 72
Uruguay 72 72 72 72 72
Slovenia 71 72 72 72 73
Panama 72 72 72 73 73
Chile 72 72 73 73 73
Aruba 73 73 73 73 73
Brunei Darussalam 72 73 73 73 73
Montenegro 74 74 74 74 74
Portugal 73 73 74 74 74
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 74 74
St. Martin (French part) 73 74 74 74 74
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 73 73 74 74 74
Ireland 74 74 74 74 75
Cuba 75 75 75 75 75
Luxembourg 74 74 74 74 75
Finland 74 75 75 75 75
Denmark 74 75 75 75 75
New Zealand 74 74 74 74 75
Malta 74 74 75 75 75
Germany 74 74 75 75 75
United States 75 75 75 75 75
Macao SAR, China 74 74 74 75 75
Qatar 74 74 75 75 75
Austria 74 74 75 75 75
Costa Rica 75 75 75 75 76
United Kingdom 75 75 75 75 76
Singapore 74 74 75 75 76
Belgium 75 75 75 76 76
Israel 75 75 75 74 76
France 75 76 76 76 76
Cyprus 76 76 76 76 76
Faeroe Islands 76 76 76 76 76
Norway 76 76 76 76 77
Greece 75 75 76 76 77
Australia 76 76 76 76 77
Netherlands 76 76 77 77 77
Spain 76 77 77 77 77
Italy 75 76 76 76 77
Hong Kong SAR, China 76 77 77 77 77
Canada 76 76 77 77 77
Switzerland 77 77 77 77 77
Sweden 77 77 77 77 78
Iceland 78 78 77 77 78
Japan 78 78 78 78 79
St. Kitts and Nevis 66
American Samoa
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Seychelles 70
San Marino
Monaco
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands 72
Liechtenstein
Dominica 72
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Bermuda
Palau

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