Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
South Sudan 39 40 40 41 41
Angola 39 39 39 39 39
Sierra Leone 40 40 39 38 38
Mozambique 41 41 42 42 42
Niger 42 42 42 43 43
Timor-Leste 42 44 44 45 46
Eritrea 43 44 44 45 45
Mali 43 44 45 45 46
Ethiopia 43 44 44 45 45
Equatorial Guinea 43 44 44 44 45
Afghanistan 44 44 45 46 47
Guinea 44 45 46 47 48
Somalia 45 45 45 44 44
Chad 45 45 45 45 45
Malawi 45 45 45 46 46
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Guinea-Bissau 45 46 46 46 47
Liberia 45 45 45 45 45
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Central African Republic 46 46 45 45 44
Zambia 47 46 45 44 44
Burundi 47 47 47 47 46
Benin 47 48 49 49 50
Uganda 48 47 47 47 46
Rwanda 48 46 43 40 35
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Madagascar 49 49 49 49 49
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49 51 54 56 59
Gambia, The 49 49 50 50 51
Bhutan 49 50 50 51 52
Tanzania 50 50 50 49 49
Lao PDR 50 50 51 52 52
Cambodia 50 51 52 52 52
Cote d'Ivoire 51 51 51 51 51
Nepal 51 52 52 53 54
Haiti 51 52 52 52 53
Cameroon 51 52 52 52 52
Comoros 52 52 53 53 53
Papua New Guinea 52 52 52 53 53
Senegal 52 53 54 55 55
Togo 53 53 54 54 54
Ghana 53 54 54 55 55
Sudan 53 53 54 54 54
El Salvador 53 55 56 58 59
Yemen, Rep. 54 54 55 55 56
Bolivia 54 55 55 56 57
Djibouti 54 54 55 55 55
Myanmar 55 55 55 56 56
Lesotho 55 56 56 57 57
Congo, Rep. 55 55 55 54 54
Swaziland 56 56 57 57 58
Mauritania 56 56 56 57 57
Iraq 56 58 59 61 63
Kiribati 56 57 57 57 58
Mongolia 56 57 57 57 58
South Africa 56 57 57 58 58
Solomon Islands 57 56 56 56 56
India 57 57 58 58 58
Guatemala 57 58 58 59 59
Gabon 57 58 59 59 60
Namibia 57 58 58 58 59
Nicaragua 57 58 59 60 60
Guyana 58 58 58 58 58
Kenya 58 58 58 58 58
Maldives 58 59 59 60 60
Bangladesh 58 58 59 59 60
Turkey 58 59 59 60 60
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 59 59
Pakistan 59 59 60 60 60
Sao Tome and Principe 59 59 59 60 60
Samoa 59 60 60 61 61
Indonesia 59 60 60 61 61
Vanuatu 59 60 60 61 61
Zimbabwe 59 59 59 59 58
Egypt, Arab Rep. 60 60 61 61 62
Morocco 60 61 61 62 63
Greenland 61 61 61 61 61
Peru 61 61 62 62 63
Tajikistan 61 61 61 61 60
Botswana 61 61 61 61 61
Kyrgyz Republic 61 61 62 62 64
Brazil 61 61 62 62 62
Philippines 61 62 62 62 62
Honduras 61 62 63 63 64
Azerbaijan 62 62 62 61 61
Cabo Verde 62 62 62 63 63
Oman 62 63 64 64 65
Fiji 63 63 63 63 63
Algeria 63 63 64 65 65
Russian Federation 63 65 65 65 64
Moldova 63 63 64 64 64
Dominican Republic 63 64 64 65 65
Uzbekistan 64 64 64 64 64
Suriname 64 64 64 64 64
Ecuador 64 64 65 66 66
Kazakhstan 64 64 65 65 64
Colombia 64 64 64 64 64
Tunisia 64 65 65 66 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 64 65 65 66 66
Korea, Rep. 64 65 66 66 67
Vietnam 65 65 65 66 66
Estonia 65 66 66 67 66
Kosovo 65 65 65 65 66
Mauritius 65 65 65 65 65
Latvia 65 66 66 66 65
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
French Polynesia 65 65 66 66 66
Thailand 65 66 66 67 67
Libya 65 65 66 66 67
Saudi Arabia 65 66 66 67 67
Hungary 65 65 66 66 65
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 65 65 65 65 66
Paraguay 65 65 65 65 66
Ukraine 65 65 66 66 66
Grenada 65 66 66 66 66
New Caledonia 65 66 67 67 67
Mexico 66 66 67 67 67
Lithuania 66 68 68 67 67
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Bahamas, The 66 67 67 67 67
Poland 67 67 67 67 67
Belarus 67 67 67 67 67
Venezuela, RB 67 67 67 68 68
Romania 67 67 66 67 67
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 67 67 67 67 68
China 67 67 67 68 68
Armenia 67 66 66 66 65
Slovak Republic 67 67 67 67 67
Jordan 67 67 68 68 68
Croatia 67 68 68 68 68
Argentina 67 67 68 68 68
Lebanon 67 67 68 68 68
Tonga 67 68 68 68 68
St. Lucia 67 68 68 68 68
Syrian Arab Republic 67 68 68 69 69
Barbados 67 68 68 68 68
Slovenia 67 68 68 68 69
Antigua and Barbuda 67 68 68 68 68
Czech Republic 68 67 68 68 68
Malaysia 68 68 68 69 69
Macedonia, FYR 68 68 69 69 69
Uruguay 68 68 68 69 69
Bulgaria 68 69 68 68 68
Guam 69 69 69 69 70
Chile 69 69 69 70 70
United Arab Emirates 69 69 69 70 70
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Panama 69 69 70 70 70
Jamaica 69 69 69 69 69
Belize 69 69 69 69 69
Portugal 69 70 70 70 71
St. Martin (French part) 69 70 71 71 71
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 69 68 66 64
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 70 70 70 70 71
Luxembourg 70 70 71 71 71
Kuwait 70 70 71 71 71
Finland 70 71 71 71 71
Bahrain 70 70 71 71 71
Austria 70 71 71 72 72
Brunei Darussalam 71 71 71 71 72
Puerto Rico 71 71 70 70 70
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Ireland 71 71 71 72 72
Germany 71 71 71 72 72
New Zealand 71 71 71 71 72
United States 71 71 71 71 72
Belgium 71 71 72 72 72
France 71 72 72 72 72
Denmark 72 72 72 72 72
Singapore 72 72 73 73 74
Macao SAR, China 72 72 72 73 73
Malta 72 72 72 72 73
United Kingdom 72 72 73 73 73
Greece 72 72 72 73 74
Italy 72 73 73 73 74
Costa Rica 72 73 73 73 73
Australia 72 73 73 73 74
Norway 73 73 73 73 73
Faeroe Islands 73 72 72 73 73
Cuba 73 73 73 73 73
Spain 73 73 73 73 73
Canada 73 73 74 74 74
Netherlands 73 73 74 74 74
Switzerland 73 74 74 74 74
Israel 74 73 74 74 75
Qatar 74 74 74 74 74
Cyprus 74 74 74 74 74
Sweden 74 74 74 74 75
Hong Kong SAR, China 74 74 74 74 74
Japan 75 75 76 76 76
Iceland 75 75 75 74 76
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Monaco
Bermuda
Palau
Seychelles 67
St. Kitts and Nevis 64
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands 70
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Dominica 71

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