Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Rwanda 32 35 39 41 43
Sierra Leone 35 36 36 37 38
Zambia 41 41 42 42 43
Angola 41 42 42 43 44
Uganda 42 43 44 44 45
Malawi 43 43 43 44 44
Central African Republic 44 44 44 43 43
Mozambique 45 45 46 47 47
Nigeria 45 46 46 46 46
South Sudan 46 47 47 48 48
Chad 46 46 46 46 47
Somalia 47 47 48 49 49
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48 48 48 48 49
Niger 48 48 49 50 51
Burundi 48 49 49 50 50
Tanzania 48 48 49 49 50
Zimbabwe 48 46 44 43 42
Cote d'Ivoire 48 47 47 46 46
Mali 48 48 48 49 49
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 49 49
Ethiopia 48 49 49 50 51
Guinea-Bissau 49 49 50 50 50
Equatorial Guinea 49 50 50 50 51
Liberia 50 51 51 52 52
Congo, Rep. 50 50 50 50 50
Eritrea 51 52 53 53 54
Guinea 51 51 51 51 51
Cameroon 52 52 51 51 51
Kenya 52 51 51 50 50
Afghanistan 53 53 53 54 54
Gambia, The 53 53 53 54 54
Benin 53 53 53 53 53
Botswana 53 51 50 49 48
Cambodia 53 54 55 55 56
Togo 54 53 53 53 53
Timor-Leste 54 55 56 57 58
Swaziland 54 52 51 49 48
Lesotho 54 52 50 48 47
Madagascar 54 55 56 57 57
Haiti 55 55 55 56 56
Sudan 55 55 56 56 56
Papua New Guinea 55 56 56 56 57
Lao PDR 55 56 56 57 58
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Senegal 56 56 56 56 56
Ghana 56 56 56 56 56
Bolivia 57 57 58 58 59
Namibia 57 56 55 54 53
Bhutan 57 58 59 60 61
Comoros 57 58 58 58 58
South Africa 58 57 56 55 54
Yemen, Rep. 58 58 59 59 59
Mauritania 58 58 58 58 58
Nepal 58 59 60 61 61
Kazakhstan 59 59 59 60 60
Myanmar 59 59 59 60 60
Tajikistan 59 59 59 60 60
Mongolia 59 59 60 60 60
Turkmenistan 59 60 60 60 60
Gabon 60 59 59 59 59
Solomon Islands 60 60 61 61 62
Russian Federation 60 61 61 60 59
Kiribati 60 60 61 61 61
India 60 61 61 61 62
Sao Tome and Principe 61 61 61 61 62
Pakistan 61 61 62 62 62
Azerbaijan 61 62 63 63 64
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 61 61 60 61 61
Guyana 61 61 62 62 62
Ukraine 61 62 63 63 62
Guatemala 62 63 63 64 64
Kyrgyz Republic 62 63 63 65 65
Bangladesh 62 63 64 64 65
Moldova 63 63 63 63 63
Latvia 63 64 64 64 65
Belarus 63 63 63 62 63
El Salvador 63 64 64 64 64
Greenland 63 63 63 64 64
Uzbekistan 63 63 64 64 64
Philippines 63 63 64 64 64
Turkey 64 64 65 66 66
Indonesia 64 64 64 64 65
Estonia 64 64 64 65 65
Brazil 64 65 65 66 66
Vanuatu 64 65 65 66 66
Suriname 65 65 65 65 65
Fiji 65 65 65 65 65
Lithuania 65 65 66 66 67
Samoa 65 65 66 66 66
Egypt, Arab Rep. 65 65 66 66 66
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Romania 65 65 66 67 68
Nicaragua 65 66 66 67 67
Morocco 66 66 66 67 67
Colombia 66 66 67 67 67
Armenia 66 66 67 67 68
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 67 67
Iraq 66 66 67 67 67
Maldives 66 67 68 68 69
Hungary 66 66 66 66 67
Peru 66 67 67 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 67 67 67
Mauritius 66 67 67 67 68
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
Cabo Verde 67 67 67 68 68
Belize 67 66 66 66 66
Georgia 67 67 67 68 68
Paraguay 67 67 67 68 68
Honduras 67 67 68 68 68
Algeria 67 67 68 68 68
Dominican Republic 67 67 67 68 68
Grenada 67 67 68 68 68
Bulgaria 67 67 68 68 68
Vietnam 67 68 68 68 68
Venezuela, RB 68 68 68 68 68
Poland 68 69 69 69 70
Bahamas, The 68 68 69 69 69
Croatia 68 68 69 69 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 69 69 69 69
West Bank and Gaza 68 69 69 69 69
China 68 69 69 70 70
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
Libya 69 69 69 69 69
Oman 69 69 69 70 70
French Polynesia 69 69 69 69 70
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
Ecuador 69 69 69 70 70
Slovak Republic 69 69 69 69 69
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 70 71 71 72
St. Lucia 69 69 69 69 70
Argentina 69 70 70 70 70
Jamaica 69 69 69 69 70
Saudi Arabia 70 70 70 71 71
Albania 70 70 70 71 71
Tunisia 70 70 70 71 71
Jordan 70 70 70 70 70
Puerto Rico 70 70 71 71 73
New Caledonia 70 69 71 71 72
Uruguay 70 70 71 71 71
Antigua and Barbuda 70 70 71 71 71
Korea, Rep. 70 71 71 72 72
Macedonia, FYR 70 70 70 71 71
Syrian Arab Republic 70 70 70 70 71
Malaysia 70 70 71 71 71
Barbados 70 70 71 71 71
Czech Republic 70 70 71 71 72
Mexico 71 71 71 72 72
Slovenia 71 71 71 71 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 70
Lebanon 71 71 72 72 73
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Guam 71 72 72 72 73
Portugal 72 72 72 73 73
Panama 72 72 72 72 73
Chile 72 72 73 73 74
Kuwait 72 72 72 72 72
Liechtenstein 72 72 74 76 74
United Arab Emirates 72 73 73 73 73
Bahrain 73 73 73 74 74
Brunei Darussalam 73 73 73 74 74
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 73 73 74 74 73
St. Martin (French part) 73 73 73 74 74
Finland 73 73 74 74 74
Denmark 73 74 74 74 74
United States 73 74 74 74 74
Ireland 73 73 73 73 74
Luxembourg 73 74 74 75 75
Germany 74 74 75 75 75
Austria 74 74 75 75 75
Cuba 74 74 74 75 75
Belgium 74 74 74 74 75
France 74 75 75 75 75
Faroe Islands 74 75 75 76 76
New Zealand 74 75 76 76 76
Costa Rica 74 75 75 75 75
Singapore 74 75 75 76 76
Macao SAR, China 74 75 75 75 75
Spain 75 75 75 75 76
United Kingdom 75 75 75 75 75
Netherlands 75 75 75 75 76
Malta 75 75 75 75 76
Qatar 75 75 75 75 75
Greece 75 76 75 76 75
Australia 75 76 76 76 77
Norway 75 75 76 76 76
Italy 75 76 76 76 77
Cyprus 75 76 76 76 76
Canada 75 76 76 76 77
San Marino 76 76 77 78 77
Switzerland 76 76 76 77 77
Israel 76 76 76 77 77
Iceland 76 76 78 77 78
Sweden 77 77 77 77 77
Hong Kong SAR, China 77 77 77 78 78
Japan 77 77 77 77 78
Serbia 70 69
Palau 67
St. Kitts and Nevis 67
Dominica 74
Marshall Islands 66 63
Curacao
Seychelles 68
Isle of Man
Bermuda 75
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
American Samoa

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