Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
South Sudan 39 39 40 40 41
Angola 39 39 39 39 39
Sierra Leone 40 40 40 39 38
Mozambique 41 41 41 42 42
Niger 41 42 42 42 43
Timor-Leste 41 42 44 44 45
Eritrea 43 43 44 44 45
Mali 42 43 44 45 45
Ethiopia 43 43 44 44 45
Equatorial Guinea 43 43 44 44 44
Afghanistan 43 44 44 45 46
Guinea 43 44 45 46 47
Somalia 44 45 45 45 44
Chad 45 45 45 45 45
Malawi 45 45 45 45 46
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Guinea-Bissau 45 45 46 46 46
Liberia 45 45 45 45 45
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45 46 46 46 46
Central African Republic 46 46 46 45 45
Zambia 47 47 46 45 44
Burundi 47 47 47 47 47
Benin 46 47 48 49 49
Uganda 48 48 47 47 47
Rwanda 48 48 46 43 40
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Madagascar 49 49 49 49 49
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47 49 51 54 56
Gambia, The 48 49 49 50 50
Bhutan 48 49 50 50 51
Tanzania 49 50 50 50 49
Lao PDR 49 50 50 51 52
Cambodia 48 50 51 52 52
Cote d'Ivoire 50 51 51 51 51
Nepal 50 51 52 52 53
Haiti 51 51 52 52 52
Cameroon 51 51 52 52 52
Comoros 52 52 52 53 53
Papua New Guinea 52 52 52 52 53
Senegal 52 52 53 54 55
Togo 52 53 53 54 54
Ghana 53 53 54 54 55
Sudan 53 53 53 54 54
El Salvador 52 53 55 56 58
Yemen, Rep. 53 54 54 55 55
Bolivia 53 54 55 55 56
Djibouti 54 54 54 55 55
Myanmar 54 55 55 55 56
Lesotho 55 55 56 56 57
Congo, Rep. 55 55 55 55 54
Swaziland 55 56 56 57 57
Mauritania 55 56 56 56 57
Iraq 55 56 58 59 61
Kiribati 56 56 57 57 57
Mongolia 56 56 57 57 57
South Africa 56 56 57 57 58
Solomon Islands 57 57 56 56 56
India 57 57 57 58 58
Guatemala 57 57 58 58 59
Gabon 57 57 58 59 59
Namibia 57 57 58 58 58
Nicaragua 57 57 58 59 60
Guyana 58 58 58 58 58
Kenya 58 58 58 58 58
Maldives 57 58 59 59 60
Bangladesh 57 58 58 59 59
Turkey 58 58 59 59 60
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 59 59
Pakistan 59 59 59 60 60
Sao Tome and Principe 59 59 59 59 60
Samoa 59 59 60 60 61
Indonesia 59 59 60 60 61
Vanuatu 59 59 60 60 61
Zimbabwe 59 59 59 59 59
Egypt, Arab Rep. 59 60 60 61 61
Morocco 59 60 61 61 62
Greenland 61 61 61 61 61
Peru 60 61 61 62 62
Tajikistan 61 61 61 61 61
Botswana 61 61 61 61 61
Kyrgyz Republic 61 61 61 62 62
Brazil 61 61 61 62 62
Philippines 61 61 62 62 62
Honduras 61 61 62 63 63
Azerbaijan 62 62 62 62 61
Cabo Verde 61 62 62 62 63
Oman 61 62 63 64 64
Fiji 62 63 63 63 63
Algeria 62 63 63 64 65
Russian Federation 62 63 65 65 65
Moldova 63 63 63 64 64
Dominican Republic 63 63 64 64 65
Uzbekistan 63 64 64 64 64
Suriname 64 64 64 64 64
Ecuador 63 64 64 65 66
Kazakhstan 64 64 64 65 65
Colombia 64 64 64 64 64
Tunisia 64 64 65 65 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 64 64 65 65 66
Korea, Rep. 64 64 65 66 66
Vietnam 64 65 65 65 66
Estonia 64 65 66 66 67
Kosovo 65 65 65 65 65
Mauritius 65 65 65 65 65
Latvia 64 65 66 66 66
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
French Polynesia 65 65 65 66 66
Thailand 64 65 66 66 67
Libya 65 65 65 66 66
Saudi Arabia 64 65 66 66 67
Hungary 65 65 65 66 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 65 65 65 65 65
Paraguay 65 65 65 65 65
Ukraine 65 65 65 66 66
Grenada 65 65 66 66 66
New Caledonia 65 65 66 67 67
Mexico 65 66 66 67 67
Lithuania 65 66 68 68 67
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Bahamas, The 66 66 67 67 67
Poland 67 67 67 67 67
Belarus 66 67 67 67 67
Venezuela, RB 66 67 67 67 68
Romania 67 67 67 66 67
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 67 67 67 67 67
China 67 67 67 67 68
Armenia 67 67 66 66 66
Slovak Republic 67 67 67 67 67
Jordan 67 67 67 68 68
Croatia 66 67 68 68 68
Argentina 67 67 67 68 68
Lebanon 67 67 67 68 68
Tonga 67 67 68 68 68
St. Lucia 67 67 68 68 68
Syrian Arab Republic 67 67 68 68 69
Barbados 67 67 68 68 68
Slovenia 67 67 68 68 68
Antigua and Barbuda 67 67 68 68 68
Czech Republic 67 68 67 68 68
Malaysia 68 68 68 68 69
Macedonia, FYR 68 68 68 69 69
Uruguay 68 68 68 68 69
Bulgaria 68 68 69 68 68
Guam 68 69 69 69 69
Chile 68 69 69 69 70
United Arab Emirates 68 69 69 69 70
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Panama 69 69 69 70 70
Jamaica 69 69 69 69 69
Belize 69 69 69 69 69
Portugal 69 69 70 70 70
St. Martin (French part) 70 69 70 71 71
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 69 69 68 66
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 69 70 70 70 70
Luxembourg 70 70 70 71 71
Kuwait 70 70 70 71 71
Finland 70 70 71 71 71
Bahrain 70 70 70 71 71
Austria 70 70 71 71 72
Brunei Darussalam 70 71 71 71 71
Puerto Rico 71 71 71 70 70
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Ireland 71 71 71 71 72
Germany 71 71 71 71 72
New Zealand 71 71 71 71 71
United States 71 71 71 71 71
Belgium 71 71 71 72 72
France 71 71 72 72 72
Denmark 72 72 72 72 72
Singapore 71 72 72 73 73
Macao SAR, China 71 72 72 72 73
Malta 72 72 72 72 72
United Kingdom 72 72 72 73 73
Greece 72 72 72 72 73
Italy 72 72 73 73 73
Costa Rica 72 72 73 73 73
Australia 72 72 73 73 73
Norway 73 73 73 73 73
Faeroe Islands 73 73 72 72 73
Cuba 73 73 73 73 73
Spain 73 73 73 73 73
Canada 73 73 73 74 74
Netherlands 73 73 73 74 74
Switzerland 73 73 74 74 74
Israel 73 74 73 74 74
Qatar 73 74 74 74 74
Cyprus 74 74 74 74 74
Sweden 74 74 74 74 74
Hong Kong SAR, China 73 74 74 74 74
Japan 75 75 75 76 76
Iceland 75 75 75 75 74
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Monaco
Bermuda
Palau
Seychelles 67
St. Kitts and Nevis 64
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands 70
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Dominica 71

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