Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Rwanda 30 34 38 42 45
Sierra Leone 35 35 36 36 37
Zambia 41 40 41 41 41
Angola 40 41 42 42 43
Central African Republic 42 42 42 42 42
Mozambique 44 45 45 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45 45 45 45 45
Uganda 45 45 46 46 47
Nigeria 45 45 46 46 46
Chad 45 45 45 46 46
Burundi 45 46 46 46 47
Malawi 46 46 46 45 46
South Sudan 46 46 47 47 48
Equatorial Guinea 46 46 46 46 46
Somalia 46 47 47 48 49
Niger 47 48 48 49 50
Cote d'Ivoire 48 48 47 47 46
Mali 48 48 48 49 49
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 49
Tanzania 48 48 48 49 49
Ethiopia 48 49 49 50 51
Zimbabwe 50 49 47 46 45
Guinea-Bissau 49 49 49 50 50
Liberia 49 50 51 51 52
Eritrea 50 51 52 53 53
Guinea 51 51 51 51 51
Congo, Rep. 52 51 51 51 51
Cameroon 52 52 52 51 51
Afghanistan 51 52 52 53 53
Gambia, The 52 53 53 53 54
Benin 53 53 53 53 53
Togo 54 54 53 53 53
Kenya 54 54 53 52 52
Timor-Leste 53 54 55 56 57
Swaziland 55 54 52 51 49
Botswana 55 54 53 51 50
Lesotho 56 54 52 50 48
Madagascar 53 54 55 56 57
Haiti 54 55 55 55 55
Sudan 55 55 55 56 56
Papua New Guinea 55 55 56 56 56
Comoros 55 55 56 56 56
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Cambodia 55 56 57 57 58
Senegal 56 56 56 56 56
Ghana 57 56 56 56 56
Namibia 58 57 56 55 54
Bhutan 56 57 58 59 59
South Africa 58 58 57 56 55
Lao PDR 57 58 58 59 60
Mauritania 58 58 58 58 58
Yemen, Rep. 58 58 58 59 59
Kazakhstan 60 59 59 59 60
Myanmar 58 59 59 59 60
Nepal 58 59 59 60 61
Tajikistan 59 59 59 59 60
Mongolia 59 59 59 60 60
Guyana 59 59 59 60 60
Turkmenistan 59 59 60 60 60
Gabon 60 59 59 59 59
Bolivia 59 60 60 60 61
Solomon Islands 59 60 60 61 61
India 59 60 60 60 61
Russian Federation 58 60 61 61 60
Kiribati 60 60 61 61 61
Sao Tome and Principe 61 61 61 61 61
Azerbaijan 61 61 62 63 63
Korea, Dem. Rep. 62 61 61 60 61
Ukraine 62 62 62 63 63
Pakistan 62 62 62 63 63
Guatemala 62 62 63 63 64
Kyrgyz Republic 61 62 63 63 63
Moldova 63 63 63 63 63
Latvia 60 63 64 64 64
Belarus 63 63 63 63 62
Bangladesh 63 63 64 64 65
Greenland 63 63 63 63 64
Philippines 63 63 63 64 64
Uzbekistan 63 63 63 64 64
Turkey 63 64 64 65 66
Indonesia 64 64 64 65 65
Estonia 61 64 64 64 65
Cabo Verde 64 64 64 65 65
Vanuatu 64 64 65 65 66
El Salvador 64 64 65 65 65
Suriname 65 65 65 65 65
Fiji 64 65 65 65 65
Lithuania 63 65 65 66 66
Samoa 64 65 65 66 66
Egypt, Arab Rep. 64 65 65 66 66
Bosnia and Herzegovina 62 65 68 70 72
Brazil 65 65 65 66 66
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Maldives 64 65 66 67 68
Romania 66 65 65 66 67
Nicaragua 65 65 66 66 67
Morocco 65 66 66 66 66
Colombia 65 66 66 67 67
Armenia 65 66 66 67 67
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 67
Hungary 65 66 66 66 66
Peru 66 66 67 67 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 67 67
Mauritius 67 66 67 67 67
Algeria 66 67 67 67 67
Kosovo 67 67 67 67 65
Georgia 67 67 67 67 68
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
Paraguay 67 67 67 67 68
Honduras 67 67 67 68 68
Belize 67 67 67 67 67
Dominican Republic 67 67 67 67 68
Grenada 67 67 67 68 68
Bulgaria 67 67 67 68 68
Jamaica 68 68 68 68 68
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67 68 68 68 68
Vietnam 68 68 68 68 69
Poland 68 68 69 69 69
Bahamas, The 68 68 68 69 69
Croatia 68 68 68 69 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 69 69 69
Oman 68 69 69 69 70
French Polynesia 68 69 69 69 69
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
Slovak Republic 68 69 69 69 69
China 69 69 69 70 70
Libya 69 69 69 70 70
Iraq 69 69 69 69 69
Ecuador 69 69 69 70 70
Venezuela, RB 69 69 69 69 69
St. Lucia 69 69 69 69 69
Argentina 69 69 70 70 70
Saudi Arabia 69 70 70 70 71
Albania 69 70 70 70 71
Tunisia 70 70 70 70 71
Jordan 70 70 70 70 70
Puerto Rico 70 70 70 71 71
New Caledonia 68 70 69 71 71
Barbados 70 70 70 70 71
Uruguay 70 70 70 71 71
Antigua and Barbuda 70 70 70 71 71
Korea, Rep. 70 70 71 71 72
Macedonia, FYR 70 70 70 70 71
Malaysia 70 70 70 71 71
Czech Republic 70 70 70 71 71
Mexico 70 71 71 71 72
Slovenia 70 71 71 71 71
Syrian Arab Republic 71 71 71 71 72
Lebanon 71 71 71 72 72
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Guam 71 71 72 72 72
Portugal 72 72 72 72 73
Panama 72 72 72 72 72
Kuwait 72 72 72 72 72
Liechtenstein 75 72 72 74 76
United Arab Emirates 72 72 73 73 73
Chile 72 72 73 73 73
Bahrain 73 73 73 73 74
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 73 73 73 74 74
St. Martin (French part) 73 73 73 73 74
Finland 73 73 73 74 74
Denmark 73 73 74 74 74
United States 73 73 74 74 74
Ireland 73 73 73 73 73
Luxembourg 73 73 74 74 75
Brunei Darussalam 73 73 74 74 74
Germany 73 74 74 75 75
Cuba 73 74 74 74 75
Belgium 73 74 74 74 74
Austria 74 74 74 75 75
France 74 74 75 75 75
New Zealand 74 74 75 76 76
Macao SAR, China 74 74 75 75 75
Spain 74 75 75 75 75
United Kingdom 74 75 75 75 75
Singapore 74 75 75 75 76
Netherlands 75 75 75 75 75
Costa Rica 74 75 75 75 75
Malta 75 75 75 75 75
Faeroe Islands 75 75 75 76 76
Greece 75 75 76 75 76
Australia 75 75 76 76 76
Norway 75 75 75 76 76
Italy 75 75 76 76 76
Cyprus 75 75 76 76 76
Canada 75 75 76 76 76
Qatar 75 76 76 76 76
San Marino 76 76 77 78
Switzerland 75 76 76 76 77
Israel 76 76 76 76 77
Iceland 76 76 76 78 77
Sweden 76 77 77 77 77
Hong Kong SAR, China 76 77 77 77 78
Japan 76 77 77 77 77
Marshall Islands 66
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Isle of Man
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Seychelles 68
Dominica 74
Serbia 70
St. Kitts and Nevis 67
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau 67
Tuvalu
American Samoa

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