Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Cambodia 31 37 42 46 48
Timor-Leste 35 37 39 41 42
South Sudan 38 38 38 39 39
Angola 39 39 39 39 39
Mali 40 40 41 42 43
Niger 40 40 41 41 42
Mozambique 40 40 40 40 40
Sierra Leone 41 41 41 40 40
Guinea 41 42 42 43 44
Eritrea 42 42 42 43 43
Afghanistan 42 42 43 44 45
Ethiopia 42 42 42 43 43
Equatorial Guinea 43 43 44 44 45
Somalia 44 44 44 44 45
Chad 44 44 44 45 45
Malawi 44 44 44 44 44
Guinea-Bissau 44 45 45 45 45
Benin 45 45 46 46 47
Liberia 45 45 45 45 45
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45 45 46 46 46
Burkina Faso 46 47 47 48 48
Bhutan 46 47 47 48 49
Gambia, The 46 47 47 48 49
Burundi 46 46 47 47 47
Nepal 47 47 48 49 50
Central African Republic 47 47 47 47 48
Rwanda 47 48 49 49 48
Uganda 47 47 47 46 46
Lao PDR 48 48 49 49 50
Madagascar 48 48 49 49 49
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48 47 47 47 49
Senegal 49 50 51 52 52
Tanzania 49 49 49 49 49
Bolivia 49 50 50 50 51
Cote d'Ivoire 49 50 50 50 51
Zambia 49 49 48 47 47
Comoros 50 50 51 52 52
Haiti 50 50 51 51 51
Yemen, Rep. 50 51 52 53 54
Cameroon 50 50 51 51 51
Togo 51 52 52 52 53
Papua New Guinea 51 51 52 52 52
Ghana 51 52 52 53 53
El Salvador 51 52 52 53 54
Djibouti 53 53 53 54 54
Sudan 53 53 53 53 53
Lesotho 53 54 54 55 55
Myanmar 53 53 54 54 55
Swaziland 53 54 54 55 56
Mauritania 53 54 55 55 56
Bangladesh 54 54 54 55 55
India 54 55 55 55 56
Gabon 54 55 56 57 58
South Africa 54 55 55 56 56
Mongolia 55 55 55 56 56
Kiribati 55 55 55 55 56
Congo, Rep. 55 55 55 55 55
Maldives 55 56 57 58 58
Iraq 55 55 54 55 56
Guatemala 56 56 56 57 57
Turkey 56 57 57 58 58
Nicaragua 56 56 57 57 57
Namibia 56 57 57 57 57
Kenya 56 57 57 58 58
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57 57 58 59 60
Pakistan 57 57 57 58 58
Morocco 57 58 58 59 60
Samoa 57 58 58 59 59
Vanuatu 57 58 58 59 59
Turkmenistan 58 58 58 59 59
Solomon Islands 58 58 58 57 57
Algeria 58 59 61 62 63
Zimbabwe 58 59 59 60 60
Honduras 58 59 60 61 61
Peru 59 59 60 60 61
Indonesia 59 59 60 60 60
Sao Tome and Principe 59 59 59 59 59
Oman 59 60 61 61 62
Botswana 59 59 60 60 60
Kyrgyz Republic 59 60 60 61 61
Brazil 59 59 60 60 60
Greenland 59 60 61 61 61
Guyana 60 60 60 60 60
Cabo Verde 60 60 61 61 62
Tajikistan 60 60 60 61 61
Philippines 60 60 61 61 61
Azerbaijan 61 61 61 62 62
Dominican Republic 62 62 62 63 63
Moldova 62 62 62 63 63
Russian Federation 62 62 62 62 63
Fiji 62 62 62 62 63
Tunisia 62 62 63 64 64
Ecuador 62 62 63 63 64
Kazakhstan 62 62 63 64 64
Thailand 62 63 63 64 65
Saudi Arabia 62 63 64 64 65
Uzbekistan 62 63 63 63 64
Korea, Rep. 62 63 63 64 64
New Caledonia 63 64 66 65 65
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 63 63 64 64 64
Libya 63 64 64 65 65
French Polynesia 63 64 64 65 65
Colombia 63 63 64 64 64
Suriname 63 64 64 64 64
Latvia 63 64 64 64 65
Vietnam 64 64 64 64 65
Mauritius 64 64 64 65 65
Mexico 64 64 65 65 66
Estonia 64 64 64 64 65
Ukraine 64 64 64 65 65
Trinidad and Tobago 64 65 65 65 65
Grenada 65 65 65 65 65
Paraguay 65 65 65 65 65
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 65 65 65 65 65
Chile 65 66 66 67 67
Jordan 65 66 66 67 67
Lithuania 65 66 66 65 66
China 65 66 66 66 67
Syrian Arab Republic 66 66 67 67 67
Hungary 66 66 65 65 65
Belarus 66 66 66 66 67
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 66 66 66 67 67
Venezuela, RB 66 66 66 66 66
Bahamas, The 66 66 66 66 66
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
St. Lucia 66 66 67 67 67
Antigua and Barbuda 66 67 67 67 67
Lebanon 66 67 67 67 67
Argentina 66 67 67 67 67
Sri Lanka 67 67 67 66 66
Tonga 67 67 67 67 67
Barbados 67 67 67 67 68
Romania 67 67 67 67 67
Croatia 67 67 66 66 67
Slovak Republic 67 67 67 67 67
Malaysia 67 67 67 68 68
United Arab Emirates 67 67 68 68 69
Macedonia, FYR 67 67 67 68 68
Poland 67 67 67 67 67
Uruguay 67 67 68 68 68
Czech Republic 67 67 67 67 68
Slovenia 67 67 66 67 67
Guam 67 68 68 68 69
Armenia 68 68 67 67 67
Bosnia and Herzegovina 68 68 68 69 69
Belize 68 68 69 69 69
Portugal 68 69 69 69 69
Panama 68 68 69 69 69
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 69 69 69 69 70
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Bahrain 69 69 70 70 70
Luxembourg 69 69 69 70 70
Bulgaria 69 68 68 68 68
Kuwait 69 69 70 70 70
Brunei Darussalam 69 69 70 70 70
Austria 69 69 70 70 70
Finland 70 70 70 70 70
Germany 70 70 70 71 71
Montenegro 70 70 70 71 71
Aruba 70 70 71 71 71
Ireland 70 70 70 71 71
Singapore 70 70 71 71 72
Jamaica 70 70 70 70 70
Costa Rica 70 71 71 71 72
Belgium 70 71 71 71 71
France 70 71 71 71 71
United States 70 71 71 71 71
Puerto Rico 70 71 71 71 71
New Zealand 71 71 71 71 71
Macao SAR, China 71 71 71 71 72
Malta 71 71 71 72 72
Greece 71 71 71 72 72
United Kingdom 71 71 72 72 72
Italy 71 72 71 72 72
Australia 71 72 72 72 72
Denmark 71 72 71 72 72
Canada 72 72 73 73 73
Qatar 72 72 73 73 73
Hong Kong SAR, China 72 73 72 73 74
Cuba 72 73 73 73 73
Switzerland 72 73 73 73 73
Spain 72 73 73 73 73
Norway 73 73 73 73 73
Israel 73 73 73 73 74
Netherlands 73 73 73 73 73
Cyprus 73 73 73 74 74
Sweden 73 73 74 74 74
Iceland 73 75 73 75 75
Japan 74 74 74 75 75
Palau
Monaco
San Marino
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Serbia
St. Martin (French part) 70 70 70 69
Seychelles 66
St. Kitts and Nevis 62
Dominica 70
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
West Bank and Gaza
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Faroe Islands

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