Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Rwanda 35 31 27 25 25
Sierra Leone 38 37 36 36 35
Angola 39 39 39 39 40
South Sudan 41 42 43 44 44
Mozambique 42 42 42 43 43
Niger 43 44 44 45 46
Zambia 44 43 42 42 41
Central African Republic 44 44 43 43 43
Somalia 44 44 44 44 44
Equatorial Guinea 45 45 45 46 46
Liberia 45 45 45 46 47
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Ethiopia 45 46 46 46 47
Chad 45 45 45 45 45
Eritrea 45 46 47 48 48
Malawi 46 46 46 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Mali 46 47 47 47 48
Timor-Leste 46 47 48 49 50
Burundi 46 46 45 45 45
Uganda 46 46 46 45 45
Guinea-Bissau 47 47 47 48 48
Afghanistan 47 48 48 49 50
Guinea 48 49 50 50 51
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Tanzania 49 49 49 48 48
Madagascar 49 50 50 51 52
Benin 50 51 52 52 52
Gambia, The 51 51 51 51 52
Cote d'Ivoire 51 51 50 50 49
Bhutan 52 53 53 54 55
Cambodia 52 52 53 53 54
Cameroon 52 52 52 52 52
Lao PDR 52 53 54 54 55
Haiti 53 53 53 54 54
Papua New Guinea 53 53 53 54 54
Comoros 53 54 54 54 54
Nepal 54 55 55 56 57
Sudan 54 54 54 54 55
Congo, Rep. 54 54 53 53 52
Togo 54 55 55 55 55
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Ghana 55 56 56 56 57
Senegal 55 56 56 56 56
Yemen, Rep. 56 56 57 57 57
Solomon Islands 56 56 57 57 58
Myanmar 56 57 57 57 58
Bolivia 57 57 58 58 59
Mauritania 57 57 57 57 58
Lesotho 57 58 58 58 58
Kenya 58 57 57 56 56
Swaziland 58 58 58 58 57
Mongolia 58 58 58 58 58
Kiribati 58 58 58 59 59
India 58 58 58 59 59
Zimbabwe 58 57 56 55 54
South Africa 58 58 59 59 59
Guyana 58 58 59 59 59
Namibia 59 59 59 59 59
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59 61 63 65 66
Guatemala 59 59 60 60 61
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 59 59
El Salvador 59 61 62 63 63
Gabon 60 60 60 60 60
Bangladesh 60 60 61 61 62
Sao Tome and Principe 60 60 60 60 60
Tajikistan 60 60 59 59 59
Pakistan 60 61 61 61 61
Turkey 60 61 61 62 62
Nicaragua 60 61 62 63 64
Maldives 60 61 62 62 63
Greenland 61 61 62 62 63
Botswana 61 61 60 59 58
Azerbaijan 61 61 60 60 60
Indonesia 61 62 62 62 63
Samoa 61 62 62 63 63
Vanuatu 61 62 62 63 63
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62 62 63 63 63
Philippines 62 63 63 63 63
Brazil 62 63 63 64 64
Morocco 63 63 64 64 65
Peru 63 63 64 64 65
Cabo Verde 63 63 63 63 63
Iraq 63 65 66 67 68
Fiji 63 64 64 64 64
Uzbekistan 64 64 63 63 63
Kazakhstan 64 64 63 63 62
Bosnia and Herzegovina 64 62 60 59 59
Honduras 64 64 65 65 66
Moldova 64 64 64 64 63
Suriname 64 64 64 64 64
Kyrgyz Republic 64 64 65 64 63
Russian Federation 64 64 63 62 59
Colombia 64 64 64 65 65
Oman 65 65 66 67 67
Algeria 65 65 65 66 66
Dominican Republic 65 65 66 66 67
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Armenia 65 65 65 65 65
Hungary 65 65 65 65 65
Latvia 65 64 64 63 60
Mauritius 65 66 66 66 66
Kosovo 66 66 66 66 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 66
Estonia 66 65 64 63 62
Paraguay 66 66 66 66 66
Vietnam 66 66 66 67 67
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 66 66 65 65
Ecuador 66 66 67 67 68
Grenada 66 66 66 67 67
Ukraine 66 66 64 64 63
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Tunisia 66 69 69 69 69
French Polynesia 66 67 67 67 68
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
Libya 67 67 67 68 68
Romania 67 67 67 67 66
Poland 67 67 66 67 67
Lithuania 67 66 65 65 63
Korea, Rep. 67 67 68 68 69
Slovak Republic 67 67 67 68 68
Saudi Arabia 67 67 68 68 69
Bahamas, The 67 67 67 68 68
Belarus 67 66 66 65 64
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
New Caledonia 67 68 67 68 68
Mexico 67 68 68 69 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
China 68 68 68 68 68
Argentina 68 68 68 68 69
Tonga 68 68 68 68 68
Venezuela, RB 68 68 68 69 69
Czech Republic 68 68 68 69 69
Croatia 68 69 69 67 67
Jordan 68 69 69 69 69
Lebanon 68 69 69 69 70
Barbados 68 69 69 69 69
Antigua and Barbuda 68 69 69 69 69
Bulgaria 68 68 68 68 68
St. Lucia 68 69 69 69 69
Jamaica 69 68 68 68 68
Uruguay 69 69 69 69 69
Malaysia 69 69 69 69 70
Slovenia 69 69 70 70 69
Syrian Arab Republic 69 69 70 70 70
Macedonia, FYR 69 69 69 69 70
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Belize 69 69 69 68 68
Guam 70 70 70 70 71
Panama 70 70 70 71 71
Puerto Rico 70 70 70 69 69
United Arab Emirates 70 71 71 71 71
Chile 70 71 71 71 72
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 71 71 71 72 72
Finland 71 71 71 72 72
Portugal 71 71 71 71 71
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Kuwait 71 71 71 72 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Bahrain 71 71 72 72 72
Luxembourg 71 71 72 73 72
St. Martin (French part) 71 71 73 72 73
Brunei Darussalam 72 72 72 72 73
United States 72 72 72 72 72
Ireland 72 72 72 72 73
New Zealand 72 73 73 73 74
Germany 72 72 72 73 73
Austria 72 72 72 73 73
Denmark 72 72 72 73 73
France 72 73 73 73 73
Belgium 72 73 73 73 73
Malta 73 73 73 74 75
Macao SAR, China 73 73 73 74 74
Cuba 73 73 73 73 73
United Kingdom 73 73 73 74 74
Faeroe Islands 73 73 73 74 74
Costa Rica 73 73 74 74 74
Norway 73 73 74 74 74
Spain 73 73 73 74 74
Singapore 74 74 74 75 75
Italy 74 74 74 74 75
Australia 74 74 74 75 75
Netherlands 74 74 74 74 74
Canada 74 74 74 75 75
Switzerland 74 74 74 74 75
Hong Kong SAR, China 74 75 75 75 75
Greece 74 75 75 75 75
Cyprus 74 75 75 75 75
Qatar 74 75 75 75 75
Israel 75 75 75 75 75
Sweden 75 75 75 75 75
Japan 76 76 76 76 76
Iceland 76 75 75 77 77
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Serbia 69
American Samoa
Dominica 72
St. Kitts and Nevis 66
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza 67 67 67 68
Tuvalu
Bermuda 70
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Palau 63
Seychelles 68
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco

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