Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Rwanda 31 27 25 25 27
Sierra Leone 37 36 36 35 35
Angola 39 39 39 40 40
Mozambique 42 42 43 43 44
South Sudan 42 43 44 44 45
Zambia 43 42 42 41 41
Central African Republic 44 43 43 43 42
Niger 44 44 45 46 46
Somalia 44 44 44 44 45
Equatorial Guinea 45 45 46 46 46
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Liberia 45 45 46 47 48
Chad 45 45 45 45 45
Ethiopia 46 46 46 47 48
Burundi 46 45 45 45 45
Malawi 46 46 46 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 45
Uganda 46 46 45 45 45
Eritrea 46 47 48 48 49
Mali 47 47 47 48 48
Guinea-Bissau 47 47 48 48 48
Timor-Leste 47 48 49 50 51
Afghanistan 48 48 49 50 51
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Tanzania 49 49 48 48 48
Guinea 49 50 50 51 51
Madagascar 50 50 51 52 53
Cote d'Ivoire 51 50 50 49 49
Gambia, The 51 51 51 52 52
Benin 51 52 52 52 53
Cameroon 52 52 52 52 52
Cambodia 52 53 53 54 54
Bhutan 53 53 54 55 56
Lao PDR 53 54 54 55 56
Haiti 53 53 54 54 54
Papua New Guinea 53 53 54 54 54
Congo, Rep. 54 53 53 52 52
Comoros 54 54 54 54 55
Sudan 54 54 54 55 55
Nepal 55 55 56 57 57
Togo 55 55 55 55 54
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Senegal 56 56 56 56 56
Ghana 56 56 56 57 57
Yemen, Rep. 56 57 57 57 58
Solomon Islands 56 57 57 58 59
Myanmar 57 57 57 58 58
Bolivia 57 58 58 59 59
Mauritania 57 57 57 58 58
Kenya 57 57 56 56 55
Zimbabwe 57 56 55 54 52
Swaziland 58 58 58 57 56
Mongolia 58 58 58 58 59
Kiribati 58 58 59 59 59
Lesotho 58 58 58 58 57
India 58 58 59 59 59
Guyana 58 59 59 59 59
South Africa 58 59 59 59 59
Namibia 59 59 59 59 58
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 59 59
Guatemala 59 60 60 61 61
Gabon 60 60 60 60 60
Tajikistan 60 59 59 59 59
Sao Tome and Principe 60 60 60 60 61
Bangladesh 60 61 61 62 62
Botswana 61 60 59 58 57
Pakistan 61 61 61 61 62
Azerbaijan 61 60 60 60 60
Turkey 61 61 62 62 63
El Salvador 61 62 63 63 64
Maldives 61 62 62 63 64
Iran, Islamic Rep. 61 63 65 66 67
Nicaragua 61 62 63 64 64
Greenland 61 62 62 63 63
Bosnia and Herzegovina 62 60 59 59 60
Indonesia 62 62 62 63 63
Vanuatu 62 62 63 63 64
Samoa 62 62 63 63 64
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62 63 63 63 64
Philippines 63 63 63 63 63
Brazil 63 63 64 64 64
Cabo Verde 63 63 63 63 64
Morocco 63 64 64 65 65
Peru 63 64 64 65 65
Palau 63
Uzbekistan 64 63 63 63 63
Fiji 64 64 64 64 64
Kazakhstan 64 63 63 62 61
Russian Federation 64 63 62 59 58
Moldova 64 64 64 63 63
Kyrgyz Republic 64 65 64 63 62
Latvia 64 64 63 60 59
Suriname 64 64 64 64 64
Colombia 64 64 65 65 65
Honduras 64 65 65 66 66
Estonia 65 64 63 62 61
Armenia 65 65 65 65 65
Iraq 65 66 67 68 69
Hungary 65 65 65 65 65
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Algeria 65 65 66 66 66
Oman 65 66 67 67 68
Dominican Republic 65 66 66 67 67
Mauritius 66 66 66 66 67
Ukraine 66 64 64 64 63
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 66
Paraguay 66 66 66 66 67
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 66 65 65 63
Vietnam 66 66 67 67 67
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
Grenada 66 66 67 67 67
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Belarus 66 66 65 64 64
Lithuania 66 65 65 63 63
Ecuador 66 67 67 68 68
Poland 67 66 67 67 68
West Bank and Gaza 67 67 67 68 68
Romania 67 67 67 66 66
Slovak Republic 67 67 68 68 68
French Polynesia 67 67 67 68 68
Libya 67 67 68 68 68
Bahamas, The 67 67 68 68 68
Korea, Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
Saudi Arabia 67 68 68 69 69
Czech Republic 68 68 69 69 69
New Caledonia 68 67 68 68 68
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
Mexico 68 68 69 69 70
China 68 68 68 68 69
Argentina 68 68 68 69 69
Tonga 68 68 68 68 69
Venezuela, RB 68 68 69 69 69
Bulgaria 68 68 68 68 67
Jamaica 68 68 68 68 68
Jordan 69 69 69 69 69
Croatia 69 69 67 67 68
Tunisia 69 69 69 69 69
Barbados 69 69 69 69 70
Antigua and Barbuda 69 69 69 69 70
Lebanon 69 69 69 70 70
St. Lucia 69 69 69 69 69
Uruguay 69 69 69 69 70
Malaysia 69 69 69 70 70
Belize 69 69 68 68 68
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Macedonia, FYR 69 69 69 70 70
Syrian Arab Republic 69 70 70 70 71
Slovenia 69 70 70 69 70
Guam 70 70 70 71 71
Puerto Rico 70 70 69 69 69
Panama 70 70 71 71 71
United Arab Emirates 71 71 71 71 72
Chile 71 71 71 72 72
Portugal 71 71 71 71 72
Finland 71 71 72 72 73
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 71 71 72 72 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Kuwait 71 71 72 72 72
St. Martin (French part) 71 73 72 73 73
Bahrain 71 72 72 72 72
Luxembourg 71 72 73 72 73
United States 72 72 72 72 72
Brunei Darussalam 72 72 72 73 73
Ireland 72 72 72 73 73
Germany 72 72 73 73 73
Denmark 72 72 73 73 73
Austria 72 72 73 73 73
New Zealand 73 73 73 74 74
France 73 73 73 73 74
Faeroe Islands 73 73 73 73 74
Belgium 73 73 73 73 73
Cuba 73 73 73 73 73
Malta 73 73 74 75 75
Macao SAR, China 73 73 74 74 74
United Kingdom 73 73 74 74 74
Singapore 73 74 74 74 74
Spain 73 73 74 74 74
Norway 73 74 74 74 75
Costa Rica 73 74 74 74 74
Italy 74 74 74 75 75
Netherlands 74 74 74 74 75
Switzerland 74 74 74 75 75
Australia 74 74 75 75 75
Canada 74 74 75 75 75
Greece 75 75 75 75 75
Cyprus 75 75 75 75 75
Qatar 75 75 75 75 75
Hong Kong SAR, China 75 75 75 75 76
Sweden 75 75 75 75 76
Israel 75 75 75 75 76
Iceland 75 75 77 77 77
Japan 76 76 76 76 77
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles 68
Middle East (developing only)
Dominica 72
Andorra
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Serbia 69
Isle of Man 74
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein 75
Tuvalu
Bermuda 70
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis 66

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