Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Rwanda 31 27 25 25 27
Sierra Leone 37 36 36 35 35
Angola 39 39 39 40 40
Zambia 43 42 42 41 41
Mozambique 42 42 43 43 44
Central African Republic 44 43 43 43 42
South Sudan 42 43 44 44 45
Somalia 44 44 44 44 45
Niger 44 44 45 46 46
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Burundi 46 45 45 45 45
Chad 45 45 45 45 45
Uganda 46 46 45 45 45
Equatorial Guinea 45 45 46 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 45
Liberia 45 45 46 47 48
Malawi 46 46 46 46 46
Ethiopia 46 46 46 47 48
Mali 47 47 47 48 48
Guinea-Bissau 47 47 48 48 48
Eritrea 46 47 48 48 49
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Tanzania 49 49 48 48 48
Timor-Leste 47 48 49 50 51
Afghanistan 48 48 49 50 51
Cote d'Ivoire 51 50 50 49 49
Guinea 49 50 50 51 51
Madagascar 50 50 51 52 53
Gambia, The 51 51 51 52 52
Benin 51 52 52 52 53
Cameroon 52 52 52 52 52
Congo, Rep. 54 53 53 52 52
Cambodia 52 53 53 54 54
Haiti 53 53 54 54 54
Papua New Guinea 53 53 54 54 54
Bhutan 53 53 54 55 56
Comoros 54 54 54 54 55
Sudan 54 54 54 55 55
Lao PDR 53 54 54 55 56
Togo 55 55 55 55 54
Zimbabwe 57 56 55 54 52
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Senegal 56 56 56 56 56
Nepal 55 55 56 57 57
Ghana 56 56 56 57 57
Kenya 57 57 56 56 55
Yemen, Rep. 56 57 57 57 58
Myanmar 57 57 57 58 58
Solomon Islands 56 57 57 58 59
Mauritania 57 57 57 58 58
Swaziland 58 58 58 57 56
Bolivia 57 58 58 59 59
Mongolia 58 58 58 58 59
Lesotho 58 58 58 58 57
Kiribati 58 58 59 59 59
India 58 58 59 59 59
Bosnia and Herzegovina 62 60 59 59 60
Guyana 58 59 59 59 59
South Africa 58 59 59 59 59
Namibia 59 59 59 59 58
Botswana 61 60 59 58 57
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 59 59
Tajikistan 60 59 59 59 59
Azerbaijan 61 60 60 60 60
Gabon 60 60 60 60 60
Guatemala 59 60 60 61 61
Sao Tome and Principe 60 60 60 60 61
Pakistan 61 61 61 61 62
Bangladesh 60 61 61 62 62
Turkey 61 61 62 62 63
Greenland 61 62 62 63 63
Russian Federation 64 63 62 59 58
Indonesia 62 62 62 63 63
Maldives 61 62 62 63 64
Latvia 64 64 63 60 59
Vanuatu 62 62 63 63 64
El Salvador 61 62 63 63 64
Philippines 63 63 63 63 63
Samoa 62 62 63 63 64
Nicaragua 61 62 63 64 64
Kazakhstan 64 63 63 62 61
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62 63 63 63 64
Uzbekistan 64 63 63 63 63
Cabo Verde 63 63 63 63 64
Estonia 65 64 63 62 61
Brazil 63 63 64 64 64
Moldova 64 64 64 63 63
Fiji 64 64 64 64 64
Morocco 63 64 64 65 65
Peru 63 64 64 65 65
Kyrgyz Republic 64 65 64 63 62
Ukraine 66 64 64 64 63
Suriname 64 64 64 64 64
Colombia 64 64 65 65 65
Hungary 65 65 65 65 65
Armenia 65 65 65 65 65
Iran, Islamic Rep. 61 63 65 66 67
Lithuania 66 65 65 63 63
Belarus 66 66 65 64 64
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Honduras 64 65 65 66 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 66 66 65 65 63
Algeria 65 65 66 66 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 66
St. Kitts and Nevis 66
Kosovo 66 66 66 66 66
Paraguay 66 66 66 66 67
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
Dominican Republic 65 66 66 67 67
Mauritius 66 66 66 66 67
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Oman 65 66 67 67 68
Romania 67 67 67 66 66
Grenada 66 66 67 67 67
Poland 67 66 67 67 68
Vietnam 66 66 67 67 67
Croatia 69 69 67 67 68
West Bank and Gaza 67 67 67 68 68
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
Ecuador 66 67 67 68 68
Iraq 65 66 67 68 69
French Polynesia 67 67 67 68 68
Seychelles 68
Bahamas, The 67 67 68 68 68
Slovak Republic 67 67 68 68 68
Libya 67 67 68 68 68
Jamaica 68 68 68 68 68
Bulgaria 68 68 68 68 67
Saudi Arabia 67 68 68 69 69
New Caledonia 68 67 68 68 68
Korea, Rep. 67 68 68 69 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
China 68 68 68 68 69
Tonga 68 68 68 68 69
Belize 69 69 68 68 68
Argentina 68 68 68 69 69
Czech Republic 68 68 69 69 69
Venezuela, RB 68 68 69 69 69
Mexico 68 68 69 69 70
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Tunisia 69 69 69 69 69
Jordan 69 69 69 69 69
St. Lucia 69 69 69 69 69
Barbados 69 69 69 69 70
Antigua and Barbuda 69 69 69 69 70
Uruguay 69 69 69 69 70
Malaysia 69 69 69 70 70
Lebanon 69 69 69 70 70
Puerto Rico 70 70 69 69 69
Macedonia, FYR 69 69 69 70 70
Slovenia 69 70 70 69 70
Syrian Arab Republic 69 70 70 70 71
Guam 70 70 70 71 71
Panama 70 70 71 71 71
Portugal 71 71 71 71 72
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
United Arab Emirates 71 71 71 71 72
Chile 71 71 71 72 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Kuwait 71 71 72 72 72
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 71 71 72 72 72
Finland 71 71 72 72 73
Bahrain 71 72 72 72 72
Dominica 72
United States 72 72 72 72 72
Ireland 72 72 72 73 73
St. Martin (French part) 71 73 72 73 73
Brunei Darussalam 72 72 72 73 73
Austria 72 72 73 73 73
Denmark 72 72 73 73 73
Germany 72 72 73 73 73
Luxembourg 71 72 73 72 73
Cuba 73 73 73 73 73
Belgium 73 73 73 73 73
Faeroe Islands 73 73 73 73 74
France 73 73 73 73 74
New Zealand 73 73 73 74 74
Macao SAR, China 73 73 74 74 74
Malta 73 73 74 75 75
United Kingdom 73 73 74 74 74
Singapore 73 74 74 74 74
Spain 73 73 74 74 74
Costa Rica 73 74 74 74 74
Norway 73 74 74 74 75
Italy 74 74 74 75 75
Netherlands 74 74 74 74 75
Switzerland 74 74 74 75 75
Australia 74 74 75 75 75
Greece 75 75 75 75 75
Israel 75 75 75 75 76
Canada 74 74 75 75 75
Hong Kong SAR, China 75 75 75 75 76
Cyprus 75 75 75 75 75
Qatar 75 75 75 75 75
Sweden 75 75 75 75 76
Japan 76 76 76 76 77
Iceland 75 75 77 77 77
Bermuda 70
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Serbia 69
San Marino
Palau 63
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Liechtenstein 75
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man 74
Curacao
Marshall Islands
American Samoa

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