Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 27 30 34 38 42
Sierra Leone 35 35 35 36 36
Angola 40 40 41 42 42
Zambia 41 41 40 41 41
Central African Republic 42 42 42 42 42
Mozambique 44 44 45 45 46
Somalia 45 46 47 47 48
South Sudan 45 46 46 47 47
Burundi 45 45 46 46 46
Uganda 45 45 45 46 46
Nigeria 45 45 45 46 46
Chad 45 45 45 45 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45 45 45 45 45
Malawi 46 46 46 46 45
Equatorial Guinea 46 46 46 46 46
Niger 46 47 48 48 49
Ethiopia 48 48 49 49 50
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Liberia 48 49 50 51 51
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Tanzania 48 48 48 48 49
Guinea-Bissau 48 49 49 49 50
Cote d'Ivoire 49 48 48 47 47
Eritrea 49 50 51 52 53
Afghanistan 51 51 52 52 53
Guinea 51 51 51 51 51
Timor-Leste 51 53 54 55 56
Congo, Rep. 52 52 51 51 51
Zimbabwe 52 50 49 47 46
Gambia, The 52 52 53 53 53
Cameroon 52 52 52 52 51
Benin 53 53 53 53 53
Madagascar 53 53 54 55 56
Fragile and conflict affected situations 54 54 54 54 55
Haiti 54 54 55 55 55
Togo 54 54 54 53 53
Cambodia 54 55 56 57 57
Papua New Guinea 54 55 55 56 56
Sudan 55 55 55 55 56
Comoros 55 55 55 56 56
Kenya 55 54 54 53 52
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
Senegal 56 56 56 56 56
Lao PDR 56 57 58 58 59
Swaziland 56 55 54 52 51
Ghana 57 57 56 56 56
Botswana 57 55 54 53 51
Lesotho 57 56 54 52 50
Nepal 57 58 59 59 60
Yemen, Rep. 58 58 58 58 59
Russian Federation 58 58 60 61 61
Mauritania 58 58 58 58 58
Myanmar 58 58 59 59 59
Namibia 58 58 57 56 55
South Africa 59 58 58 57 56
Mongolia 59 59 59 59 60
Solomon Islands 59 59 60 60 61
Tajikistan 59 59 59 59 59
Bolivia 59 59 60 60 60
Guyana 59 59 59 59 60
Latvia 59 60 63 64 64
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 60 60
India 59 59 60 60 60
Kiribati 59 60 60 61 61
Gabon 60 60 59 59 59
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 62 65 68 70
Azerbaijan 60 61 61 62 63
Estonia 61 61 64 64 64
Kazakhstan 61 60 59 59 59
Sao Tome and Principe 61 61 61 61 61
Guatemala 61 62 62 63 63
Pakistan 62 62 62 62 63
Kyrgyz Republic 62 61 62 63 63
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Lithuania 63 63 65 65 66
Turkey 63 63 64 64 65
Ukraine 63 62 62 62 63
Philippines 63 63 63 63 64
Uzbekistan 63 63 63 63 64
Indonesia 63 64 64 64 65
Moldova 63 63 63 63 63
Greenland 63 63 63 63 63
Korea, Dem. Rep. 63 62 61 61 60
Belarus 64 63 63 63 63
Vanuatu 64 64 64 65 65
Cabo Verde 64 64 64 64 65
Maldives 64 64 65 66 67
Samoa 64 64 65 65 66
El Salvador 64 64 64 65 65
Egypt, Arab Rep. 64 64 65 65 66
Fiji 64 64 65 65 65
Brazil 64 65 65 65 66
Nicaragua 64 65 65 66 66
Suriname 64 65 65 65 65
Hungary 65 65 66 66 66
Morocco 65 65 66 66 66
Armenia 65 65 66 66 67
Colombia 65 65 66 66 67
Peru 65 66 66 67 67
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Romania 66 66 65 65 66
Algeria 66 66 67 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 67
Honduras 66 67 67 67 68
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Georgia 66 67 67 67 67
Kosovo 66 67 67 67 67
Mauritius 67 67 66 67 67
Paraguay 67 67 67 67 67
Central Europe and the Baltics 67 67 67 67 68
Dominican Republic 67 67 67 67 67
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67 67 68 68 68
Grenada 67 67 67 67 68
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
Vietnam 67 68 68 68 68
Bulgaria 67 67 67 67 68
Poland 68 68 68 69 69
Croatia 68 68 68 68 69
Oman 68 68 69 69 69
New Caledonia 68 68 70 69 71
Belize 68 67 67 67 67
Jamaica 68 68 68 68 68
Bahamas, The 68 68 68 68 69
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 68 69 69
French Polynesia 68 68 69 69 69
Ecuador 68 69 69 69 70
Slovak Republic 68 68 69 69 69
Libya 68 69 69 69 70
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
China 69 69 69 69 70
Iraq 69 69 69 69 69
Saudi Arabia 69 69 70 70 70
Venezuela, RB 69 69 69 69 69
Argentina 69 69 69 70 70
Tunisia 69 70 70 70 70
Albania 69 69 70 70 70
Korea, Rep. 69 70 70 71 71
St. Lucia 69 69 69 69 69
Jordan 69 70 70 70 70
Puerto Rico 69 70 70 70 71
Czech Republic 69 70 70 70 71
Barbados 70 70 70 70 70
Uruguay 70 70 70 70 71
Slovenia 70 70 71 71 71
Antigua and Barbuda 70 70 70 70 71
Macedonia, FYR 70 70 70 70 70
Malaysia 70 70 70 70 71
Mexico 70 70 71 71 71
Lebanon 70 71 71 71 72
Syrian Arab Republic 71 71 71 71 71
Guam 71 71 71 72 72
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Panama 71 72 72 72 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Portugal 72 72 72 72 72
United Arab Emirates 72 72 72 73 73
Chile 72 72 72 73 73
Kuwait 72 72 72 72 72
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 72 73 73 73 74
United States 72 73 73 74 74
Bahrain 72 73 73 73 73
St. Martin (French part) 73 73 73 73 73
Ireland 73 73 73 73 73
Denmark 73 73 73 74 74
Finland 73 73 73 73 74
Brunei Darussalam 73 73 73 74 74
Germany 73 73 74 74 75
Luxembourg 73 73 73 74 74
Cuba 73 73 74 74 74
Austria 73 74 74 74 75
Belgium 73 73 74 74 74
France 74 74 74 75 75
Isle of Man 74
Macao SAR, China 74 74 74 75 75
New Zealand 74 74 74 75 76
Singapore 74 74 75 75 75
Costa Rica 74 74 75 75 75
United Kingdom 74 74 75 75 75
Faeroe Islands 74 75 75 75 76
Spain 74 74 75 75 75
Netherlands 75 75 75 75 75
Italy 75 75 75 76 76
Norway 75 75 75 75 76
Malta 75 75 75 75 75
Canada 75 75 75 76 76
Australia 75 75 75 76 76
Cyprus 75 75 75 76 76
Switzerland 75 75 76 76 76
Greece 75 75 75 76 75
Qatar 75 75 76 76 76
Liechtenstein 75 75 72 72 74
Israel 76 76 76 76 76
Hong Kong SAR, China 76 76 77 77 77
Sweden 76 76 77 77 77
Japan 77 76 77 77 77
Iceland 77 76 76 76 78
San Marino 76 76 77
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Dominica 74
St. Kitts and Nevis 67
Palau 67
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Bermuda
Seychelles 68
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia 70
American Samoa
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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