Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Rwanda 27 30 34 38 42
Sierra Leone 35 35 35 36 36
Zambia 41 41 40 41 41
Angola 40 40 41 42 42
Central African Republic 42 42 42 42 42
Mozambique 44 44 45 45 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45 45 45 45 45
Uganda 45 45 45 46 46
Nigeria 45 45 45 46 46
Chad 45 45 45 45 46
Burundi 45 45 46 46 46
Malawi 46 46 46 46 45
South Sudan 45 46 46 47 47
Equatorial Guinea 46 46 46 46 46
Somalia 45 46 47 47 48
Niger 46 47 48 48 49
Cote d'Ivoire 49 48 48 47 47
Mali 48 48 48 48 49
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Tanzania 48 48 48 48 49
Ethiopia 48 48 49 49 50
Zimbabwe 52 50 49 47 46
Guinea-Bissau 48 49 49 49 50
Liberia 48 49 50 51 51
Eritrea 49 50 51 52 53
Guinea 51 51 51 51 51
Congo, Rep. 52 52 51 51 51
Cameroon 52 52 52 52 51
Afghanistan 51 51 52 52 53
Gambia, The 52 52 53 53 53
Benin 53 53 53 53 53
Togo 54 54 54 53 53
Kenya 55 54 54 53 52
Timor-Leste 51 53 54 55 56
Swaziland 56 55 54 52 51
Botswana 57 55 54 53 51
Lesotho 57 56 54 52 50
Madagascar 53 53 54 55 56
Haiti 54 54 55 55 55
Sudan 55 55 55 55 56
Papua New Guinea 54 55 55 56 56
Comoros 55 55 55 56 56
Djibouti 55 55 55 55 55
Cambodia 54 55 56 57 57
Senegal 56 56 56 56 56
Ghana 57 57 56 56 56
Namibia 58 58 57 56 55
Bhutan 56 56 57 58 59
South Africa 59 58 58 57 56
Lao PDR 56 57 58 58 59
Mauritania 58 58 58 58 58
Yemen, Rep. 58 58 58 58 59
Kazakhstan 61 60 59 59 59
Myanmar 58 58 59 59 59
Nepal 57 58 59 59 60
Tajikistan 59 59 59 59 59
Mongolia 59 59 59 59 60
Guyana 59 59 59 59 60
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 60 60
Gabon 60 60 59 59 59
Bolivia 59 59 60 60 60
Solomon Islands 59 59 60 60 61
India 59 59 60 60 60
Russian Federation 58 58 60 61 61
Kiribati 59 60 60 61 61
Sao Tome and Principe 61 61 61 61 61
Azerbaijan 60 61 61 62 63
Korea, Dem. Rep. 63 62 61 61 60
Ukraine 63 62 62 62 63
Pakistan 62 62 62 62 63
Guatemala 61 62 62 63 63
Kyrgyz Republic 62 61 62 63 63
Moldova 63 63 63 63 63
Latvia 59 60 63 64 64
Belarus 64 63 63 63 63
Bangladesh 62 63 63 64 64
Greenland 63 63 63 63 63
Philippines 63 63 63 63 64
Uzbekistan 63 63 63 63 64
Turkey 63 63 64 64 65
Indonesia 63 64 64 64 65
Estonia 61 61 64 64 64
Cabo Verde 64 64 64 64 65
Vanuatu 64 64 64 65 65
El Salvador 64 64 64 65 65
Suriname 64 65 65 65 65
Fiji 64 64 65 65 65
Lithuania 63 63 65 65 66
Samoa 64 64 65 65 66
Egypt, Arab Rep. 64 64 65 65 66
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 62 65 68 70
Brazil 64 65 65 65 66
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Maldives 64 64 65 66 67
Romania 66 66 65 65 66
Nicaragua 64 65 65 66 66
Morocco 65 65 66 66 66
Colombia 65 65 66 66 67
Armenia 65 65 66 66 67
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Hungary 65 65 66 66 66
Peru 65 66 66 67 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 66 66 66 66 67
Mauritius 67 67 66 67 67
Algeria 66 66 67 67 67
Kosovo 66 67 67 67 67
Georgia 66 67 67 67 67
Thailand 67 67 67 67 67
Paraguay 67 67 67 67 67
Honduras 66 67 67 67 68
Belize 68 67 67 67 67
Dominican Republic 67 67 67 67 67
Grenada 67 67 67 67 68
Bulgaria 67 67 67 67 68
Jamaica 68 68 68 68 68
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67 67 68 68 68
Vietnam 67 68 68 68 68
Poland 68 68 68 69 69
Bahamas, The 68 68 68 68 69
Croatia 68 68 68 68 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 68
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 68 69 69
Oman 68 68 69 69 69
French Polynesia 68 68 69 69 69
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
Slovak Republic 68 68 69 69 69
China 69 69 69 69 70
Libya 68 69 69 69 70
Iraq 69 69 69 69 69
Ecuador 68 69 69 69 70
Venezuela, RB 69 69 69 69 69
St. Lucia 69 69 69 69 69
Argentina 69 69 69 70 70
Saudi Arabia 69 69 70 70 70
Albania 69 69 70 70 70
Tunisia 69 70 70 70 70
Jordan 69 70 70 70 70
Puerto Rico 69 70 70 70 71
New Caledonia 68 68 70 69 71
Barbados 70 70 70 70 70
Uruguay 70 70 70 70 71
Antigua and Barbuda 70 70 70 70 71
Korea, Rep. 69 70 70 71 71
Macedonia, FYR 70 70 70 70 70
Malaysia 70 70 70 70 71
Czech Republic 69 70 70 70 71
Mexico 70 70 71 71 71
Slovenia 70 70 71 71 71
Syrian Arab Republic 71 71 71 71 71
Lebanon 70 71 71 71 72
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Guam 71 71 71 72 72
Portugal 72 72 72 72 72
Panama 71 72 72 72 72
Kuwait 72 72 72 72 72
Liechtenstein 75 75 72 72 74
United Arab Emirates 72 72 72 73 73
Chile 72 72 72 73 73
Bahrain 72 73 73 73 73
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 72 73 73 73 74
St. Martin (French part) 73 73 73 73 73
Finland 73 73 73 73 74
Denmark 73 73 73 74 74
United States 72 73 73 74 74
Ireland 73 73 73 73 73
Luxembourg 73 73 73 74 74
Brunei Darussalam 73 73 73 74 74
Germany 73 73 74 74 75
Cuba 73 73 74 74 74
Belgium 73 73 74 74 74
Austria 73 74 74 74 75
France 74 74 74 75 75
New Zealand 74 74 74 75 76
Macao SAR, China 74 74 74 75 75
Spain 74 74 75 75 75
United Kingdom 74 74 75 75 75
Singapore 74 74 75 75 75
Netherlands 75 75 75 75 75
Costa Rica 74 74 75 75 75
Malta 75 75 75 75 75
Faeroe Islands 74 75 75 75 76
Greece 75 75 75 76 75
Australia 75 75 75 76 76
Norway 75 75 75 75 76
Italy 75 75 75 76 76
Cyprus 75 75 75 76 76
Canada 75 75 75 76 76
Qatar 75 75 76 76 76
San Marino 76 76 77
Switzerland 75 75 76 76 76
Israel 76 76 76 76 76
Iceland 77 76 76 76 78
Sweden 76 76 77 77 77
Hong Kong SAR, China 76 76 77 77 77
Japan 77 76 77 77 77
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Isle of Man 74
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Seychelles 68
Dominica 74
Serbia 70
St. Kitts and Nevis 67
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau 67
Tuvalu
American Samoa

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