Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Sierra Leone 41 42 43 43 44
Central African Republic 43 43 44 45 45
Lesotho 43 44 44 45 46
Zimbabwe 44 44 46 47 49
Zambia 45 47 48 49 51
Swaziland 46 46 46 47 48
Cote d'Ivoire 46 46 47 47 48
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 47 47
Mozambique 46 47 47 47 47
Chad 47 47 47 48 48
Angola 47 47 48 48 48
Botswana 47 46 46 46 46
Equatorial Guinea 47 48 48 49 49
Nigeria 48 48 49 49 50
Malawi 48 49 50 51 52
Burundi 48 49 49 50 50
South Sudan 50 50 50 51 51
Somalia 51 51 51 51 52
South Africa 51 50 50 51 51
Cameroon 51 51 51 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 51 51 52 52 52
Mali 51 52 52 53 53
Burkina Faso 51 52 52 53 54
Uganda 52 52 53 54 55
Guinea 52 52 53 53 54
Tanzania 52 53 54 55 56
Congo, Rep. 52 53 53 54 55
Rwanda 52 54 56 57 59
Namibia 53 54 55 56 57
Kenya 53 54 55 55 56
Togo 53 53 54 54 54
Liberia 53 54 55 56 57
Niger 53 54 55 55 56
Ethiopia 55 56 57 58 59
Benin 55 56 56 57 57
Gambia, The 55 56 56 56 56
Afghanistan 55 56 56 57 57
Fragile and conflict affected situations 56 56 56 57 57
Eritrea 56 56 57 57 58
Djibouti 56 57 57 57 58
Haiti 57 58 58 59 59
Comoros 57 58 58 58 58
Ghana 57 58 58 59 59
Sudan 58 58 59 59 59
Papua New Guinea 58 59 59 59 60
Senegal 58 59 60 60 61
Mauritania 59 59 59 59 59
Gabon 59 59 59 60 60
Russian Federation 59 59 60 61 62
Madagascar 59 60 60 61 61
Yemen, Rep. 60 60 60 61 61
Kazakhstan 60 60 61 61 62
Turkmenistan 60 60 61 61 61
Timor-Leste 61 62 62 63 63
Guyana 61 62 62 62 63
Myanmar 61 61 62 62 62
Mongolia 61 62 62 62 62
Tajikistan 62 62 63 63 63
India 62 63 63 63 63
Bolivia 62 63 63 63 64
Sao Tome and Principe 62 63 63 63 64
Ukraine 63 62 62 63 63
Lao PDR 63 63 64 64 65
Bhutan 63 64 65 65 66
Kiribati 63 64 64 64 64
Belarus 63 63 64 65 65
Nepal 63 64 64 65 65
Cambodia 63 65 65 66 67
Solomon Islands 64 64 65 65 65
Moldova 64 64 64 64 64
Uzbekistan 64 64 64 64 64
Philippines 64 64 64 64 65
Pakistan 64 64 65 65 65
Kyrgyz Republic 64 64 64 64 65
Korea, Dem. Rep. 64 65 65 65 65
Suriname 65 66 66 66 67
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 66 66 66
Fiji 66 66 66 66 66
El Salvador 66 66 66 66 67
Azerbaijan 66 66 67 67 67
Guatemala 66 66 66 67 67
Greenland 66 67 67 68 68
Kosovo 66 67 67 67 67
Estonia 66 67 67 67 69
Lithuania 66 65 65 65 66
Indonesia 67 67 67 67 68
Bangladesh 67 67 67 68 68
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67 67 67 68 68
Latvia 67 66 66 66 67
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 68
Vanuatu 67 67 68 68 68
Morocco 67 67 68 68 68
Iraq 67 67 66 66 65
Cabo Verde 67 68 68 69 69
Samoa 68 68 68 68 69
Brazil 68 68 68 69 69
Romania 68 68 69 69 69
Algeria 68 68 68 69 69
Jamaica 68 69 69 69 70
Dominican Republic 68 69 69 69 69
Colombia 68 69 69 69 69
Thailand 69 69 69 70 70
Belize 69 69 69 70 70
Nicaragua 69 69 69 70 70
Hungary 69 69 69 69 70
Turkey 69 69 69 70 70
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 69 69 69 70 70
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
Grenada 69 69 69 69 70
Honduras 69 69 69 70 70
Mauritius 69 69 69 69 69
Seychelles 69 67 69 69 68
Paraguay 69 69 69 70 70
Bulgaria 69 69 69 69 70
Georgia 69 69 70 70 70
Peru 69 70 70 70 71
Armenia 70 70 70 70 71
Iran, Islamic Rep. 70 70 70 70 71
Vietnam 70 70 70 70 70
Central Europe and the Baltics 70 70 70 70 71
Serbia 70 70 71 71 71
Sri Lanka 70 70 70 70 71
West Bank and Gaza 70 70 70 71 71
Venezuela, RB 70 70 71 71 71
Slovak Republic 70 70 70 71 71
Bahamas, The 70 71 71 71 71
St. Lucia 71 71 71 71 71
Poland 71 71 71 71 71
Argentina 71 71 71 71 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 72 72
Jordan 71 71 71 71 72
French Polynesia 71 72 72 73 73
Tunisia 71 72 72 72 72
Malaysia 71 72 72 72 72
Barbados 71 72 72 72 72
Macedonia, FYR 72 72 72 72 72
Libya 72 72 72 72 73
Ecuador 72 72 72 72 72
Aruba 72 72 72 72 72
Antigua and Barbuda 72 72 72 72 73
Saudi Arabia 72 72 72 73 73
Oman 72 72 73 73 73
Uruguay 72 72 72 73 73
Maldives 72 73 74 74 75
New Caledonia 72 72 73 72 72
Croatia 72 72 73 72 72
Bosnia and Herzegovina 73 73 73 73 73
China 73 73 73 73 73
Czech Republic 73 73 74 74 74
Syrian Arab Republic 73 73 73 73 73
Albania 73 73 73 73 74
Kuwait 73 73 73 73 73
Mexico 73 73 73 74 74
Panama 73 73 73 74 74
Slovenia 74 74 75 75 75
Guam 74 74 74 75 75
Puerto Rico 74 74 74 74 75
United Arab Emirates 74 75 75 75 75
Portugal 75 75 75 75 76
Korea, Rep. 75 75 76 76 77
Bahrain 75 75 75 75 75
St. Martin (French part) 75 75 75 75 75
Lebanon 75 75 76 76 76
United States 75 75 75 75 76
Brunei Darussalam 75 75 75 76 76
Chile 75 75 75 76 76
Denmark 75 76 76 76 76
Finland 75 76 76 76 76
Cuba 76 76 76 76 76
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 76 76 76 76 76
Bermuda 76 76 76 76 77
Germany 76 76 76 77 77
Costa Rica 76 76 76 76 77
Belgium 76 76 77 77 77
Luxembourg 76 77 77 77 78
Ireland 76 77 77 77 78
Macao SAR, China 76 76 77 77 77
Austria 76 77 77 77 78
Cyprus 76 77 77 77 77
Qatar 76 77 77 77 77
United Kingdom 77 77 77 77 78
Greece 77 77 77 77 78
France 77 77 77 78 78
Spain 77 77 78 78 78
Netherlands 77 77 78 78 78
Faeroe Islands 77 77 77 78 78
Singapore 77 78 78 78 78
Malta 77 77 77 78 77
Norway 78 78 78 78 78
New Zealand 78 78 78 78 78
Canada 78 78 78 78 78
Italy 78 78 79 79 79
Israel 78 78 88 88 79
Australia 78 79 79 79 79
Sweden 78 78 79 79 79
San Marino 79 79 79 80 80
Switzerland 79 79 79 79 80
Liechtenstein 79 77 79 79 80
Japan 79 79 79 79 79
Iceland 79 80 80 80 80
Hong Kong SAR, China 79 79 79 79 79
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao 71 72 72
Dominica
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Palau 66
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 72 72
Tuvalu

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