Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Sierra Leone 37 37 38 39 40
Zambia 41 42 42 43 44
Central African Republic 42 42 42 42 43
Angola 43 44 45 45 46
Rwanda 45 47 48 50 51
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45 45 45 46 46
Zimbabwe 45 44 43 43 43
Malawi 46 46 46 47 47
Chad 46 46 46 46 46
Mozambique 46 46 46 46 46
Nigeria 46 46 46 47 47
Cote d'Ivoire 46 46 46 46 46
Equatorial Guinea 46 46 47 47 47
Burundi 47 47 47 48 48
Uganda 47 48 49 50 51
South Sudan 48 48 48 49 49
Lesotho 48 47 45 44 44
Burkina Faso 49 49 50 50 51
Somalia 49 49 50 50 50
Tanzania 49 49 50 51 51
Mali 49 49 50 50 51
Swaziland 49 48 47 46 46
Niger 50 51 51 52 53
Guinea-Bissau 50 50 51 51 51
Botswana 50 49 48 48 47
Ethiopia 51 51 52 53 54
Cameroon 51 51 51 51 51
Congo, Rep. 51 51 51 52 52
Guinea 51 51 51 51 52
Liberia 52 52 52 52 53
Kenya 52 52 52 52 52
Togo 53 53 53 53 53
Benin 53 53 54 54 55
Eritrea 53 54 54 55 55
Afghanistan 53 54 54 55 55
Gambia, The 54 54 54 55 55
Namibia 54 53 52 52 52
Fragile and conflict affected situations 55 55 55 55 56
South Africa 55 54 53 52 51
Djibouti 55 55 56 56 56
Haiti 55 56 56 56 57
Sudan 56 56 57 57 57
Senegal 56 56 57 57 58
Comoros 56 56 57 57 57
Ghana 56 56 56 57 57
Papua New Guinea 56 57 57 57 58
Madagascar 57 57 58 59 59
Timor-Leste 57 58 59 60 60
Mauritania 58 58 58 58 59
Cambodia 58 59 60 61 62
Gabon 59 59 58 58 58
Yemen, Rep. 59 59 59 60 60
Bhutan 59 60 61 62 62
Tajikistan 60 60 60 61 61
Myanmar 60 60 60 61 61
Guyana 60 60 60 60 61
Lao PDR 60 60 61 62 62
Mongolia 60 60 60 61 61
Turkmenistan 60 60 60 60 60
Russian Federation 60 59 59 59 59
Kazakhstan 60 60 61 61 61
Korea, Dem. Rep. 61 61 62 63 64
Nepal 61 61 62 62 63
Bolivia 61 61 61 62 62
India 61 61 61 62 62
Solomon Islands 61 62 62 63 63
Sao Tome and Principe 61 62 62 62 62
Kiribati 61 62 62 63 63
Belarus 62 63 63 62 63
Pakistan 63 63 63 64 64
Moldova 63 63 63 63 64
Ukraine 63 62 63 63 63
Kyrgyz Republic 63 65 65 64 65
Azerbaijan 63 64 64 65 65
Philippines 64 64 64 64 64
Uzbekistan 64 64 64 64 64
Guatemala 64 64 65 65 66
Greenland 64 64 65 65 66
Latvia 64 65 65 65 66
Suriname 65 65 65 65 65
Estonia 65 65 65 65 66
Bangladesh 65 65 66 66 66
El Salvador 65 65 65 65 66
Indonesia 65 65 66 66 66
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Kosovo 65 66 66 66 66
Fiji 65 65 65 65 66
Cabo Verde 65 66 66 67 67
Vanuatu 66 66 66 67 67
Marshall Islands 66 63
Turkey 66 66 67 68 68
Samoa 66 66 67 67 67
Egypt, Arab Rep. 66 66 66 67 67
Brazil 66 67 67 67 67
Morocco 66 67 67 67 67
Hungary 66 67 68 68 68
Lithuania 66 67 66 66 67
Nicaragua 67 67 67 68 68
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 67 67 67 67 67
Sri Lanka 67 68 68 69 70
Belize 67 67 67 68 68
Romania 67 68 68 67 68
Colombia 67 67 68 68 68
Thailand 67 67 67 68 68
Algeria 67 67 68 68 68
Mauritius 67 68 68 69 69
Armenia 67 68 68 69 69
Dominican Republic 68 68 68 68 68
Peru 68 68 68 69 69
Jamaica 68 68 68 68 68
Paraguay 68 68 68 69 69
Georgia 68 68 68 69 69
Grenada 68 68 68 68 69
Maldives 68 69 70 70 71
Honduras 68 68 68 69 69
Bulgaria 68 68 69 69 69
Central Europe and the Baltics 68 69 69 69 70
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 68 68 68 69
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68 69 69 69 70
Vietnam 69 69 69 69 70
Poland 69 70 70 70 71
Tonga 69 69 69 69 69
Bahamas, The 69 69 70 70 70
Croatia 69 69 71 71 71
Iraq 69 69 69 68 68
Slovak Republic 69 69 70 70 70
West Bank and Gaza 69 69 70 70 70
French Polynesia 69 70 70 70 71
Venezuela, RB 69 70 70 70 70
St. Lucia 69 70 70 70 70
Oman 70 70 71 71 72
Argentina 70 70 70 71 71
Libya 70 70 71 71 71
China 70 71 71 72 72
Jordan 70 70 71 71 71
Ecuador 70 71 71 71 71
Tunisia 71 71 71 71 71
Barbados 71 71 71 71 71
Saudi Arabia 71 71 71 71 72
Macedonia, FYR 71 71 71 71 71
Malaysia 71 71 71 71 71
Antigua and Barbuda 71 71 71 71 72
Uruguay 71 71 71 71 72
Albania 71 71 72 72 72
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
New Caledonia 71 72 72 71 72
Puerto Rico 71 73 73 74 74
Aruba 71 71 71 71 72
Slovenia 71 72 72 72 73
Czech Republic 71 72 72 72 72
Bosnia and Herzegovina 72 72 73 73 73
Syrian Arab Republic 72 72 72 72 72
Mexico 72 72 72 72 73
Korea, Rep. 72 72 73 73 74
Lebanon 72 73 73 74 74
Kuwait 72 72 73 73 73
Guam 72 73 73 73 74
Panama 72 73 73 73 73
Portugal 73 73 73 74 74
United Arab Emirates 73 73 74 74 74
Ireland 73 74 75 75 76
Chile 73 74 74 75 75
Bahrain 74 74 74 74 74
St. Martin (French part) 74 74 74 74 74
Finland 74 74 75 75 75
United States 74 74 74 74 75
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 74 73 75 75 75
Brunei Darussalam 74 74 74 75 75
Denmark 74 74 75 75 75
Belgium 74 75 75 75 75
Cuba 75 75 75 75 75
Luxembourg 75 75 75 75 75
Germany 75 75 76 75 76
Austria 75 75 76 76 76
France 75 75 76 76 76
United Kingdom 75 75 76 76 76
Macao SAR, China 75 75 76 76 76
Costa Rica 75 75 76 76 76
Netherlands 75 76 76 76 76
Malta 75 76 77 76 76
Spain 75 76 76 76 76
Greece 76 75 76 76 77
Liechtenstein 76 74 76 77 78
New Zealand 76 76 76 77 77
Norway 76 76 76 77 77
Singapore 76 76 76 77 77
Faeroe Islands 76 76 77 77 77
Cyprus 76 76 76 76 76
Qatar 76 76 76 76 76
Canada 76 77 77 77 77
Australia 76 77 77 77 78
Italy 76 77 77 77 77
Switzerland 77 77 77 78 78
Israel 77 77 78 78 78
Sweden 77 77 78 78 78
Iceland 77 78 78 79 80
Japan 77 78 78 78 78
San Marino 78 77 78 78 78
Hong Kong SAR, China 78 78 78 79 79
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Curacao
Bermuda 75 75 76 76
Palau 67
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 69
Andorra
Dominica 75
Isle of Man 75
Seychelles 69 66
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia 70 70 70 70
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco

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