Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sierra Leone 40 40 39 38 38
Angola 39 39 39 39 39
South Sudan 39 40 40 41 41
Mozambique 41 41 42 42 42
Niger 42 42 42 43 43
Rwanda 48 46 43 40 35
Equatorial Guinea 43 44 44 44 45
Eritrea 43 44 44 45 45
Ethiopia 43 44 44 45 45
Timor-Leste 42 44 44 45 46
Somalia 45 45 45 44 44
Mali 43 44 45 45 46
Central African Republic 46 46 45 45 44
Afghanistan 44 44 45 46 47
Chad 45 45 45 45 45
Zambia 47 46 45 44 44
Nigeria 45 45 45 45 45
Liberia 45 45 45 45 45
Malawi 45 45 45 46 46
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Guinea-Bissau 45 46 46 46 47
Guinea 44 45 46 47 48
Burundi 47 47 47 47 46
Uganda 48 47 47 47 46
Burkina Faso 48 48 48 48 48
Benin 47 48 49 49 50
Madagascar 49 49 49 49 49
Tanzania 50 50 50 49 49
Gambia, The 49 49 50 50 51
Bhutan 49 50 50 51 52
Lao PDR 50 50 51 52 52
Cote d'Ivoire 51 51 51 51 51
Cambodia 50 51 52 52 52
Cameroon 51 52 52 52 52
Haiti 51 52 52 52 53
Nepal 51 52 52 53 54
Papua New Guinea 52 52 52 53 53
Comoros 52 52 53 53 53
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49 51 54 56 59
Sudan 53 53 54 54 54
Togo 53 53 54 54 54
Senegal 52 53 54 55 55
Ghana 53 54 54 55 55
Djibouti 54 54 55 55 55
Congo, Rep. 55 55 55 54 54
Yemen, Rep. 54 54 55 55 56
Bolivia 54 55 55 56 57
Myanmar 55 55 55 56 56
Solomon Islands 57 56 56 56 56
Lesotho 55 56 56 57 57
Mauritania 56 56 56 57 57
El Salvador 53 55 56 58 59
Swaziland 56 56 57 57 58
Mongolia 56 57 57 57 58
Kiribati 56 57 57 57 58
South Africa 56 57 57 58 58
India 57 57 58 58 58
Kenya 58 58 58 58 58
Guyana 58 58 58 58 58
Guatemala 57 58 58 59 59
Namibia 57 58 58 58 59
Gabon 57 58 59 59 60
Nicaragua 57 58 59 60 60
Bangladesh 58 58 59 59 60
Turkmenistan 59 59 59 59 59
Zimbabwe 59 59 59 59 58
Maldives 58 59 59 60 60
Turkey 58 59 59 60 60
Sao Tome and Principe 59 59 59 60 60
Iraq 56 58 59 61 63
Pakistan 59 59 60 60 60
Indonesia 59 60 60 61 61
Samoa 59 60 60 61 61
Vanuatu 59 60 60 61 61
Tajikistan 61 61 61 61 60
Egypt, Arab Rep. 60 60 61 61 62
Greenland 61 61 61 61 61
Botswana 61 61 61 61 61
Morocco 60 61 61 62 63
Peru 61 61 62 62 63
Azerbaijan 62 62 62 61 61
Kyrgyz Republic 61 61 62 62 64
Brazil 61 61 62 62 62
Philippines 61 62 62 62 62
Cabo Verde 62 62 62 63 63
Honduras 61 62 63 63 64
Fiji 63 63 63 63 63
Oman 62 63 64 64 65
Moldova 63 63 64 64 64
Uzbekistan 64 64 64 64 64
Suriname 64 64 64 64 64
St. Kitts and Nevis 64
Algeria 63 63 64 65 65
Dominican Republic 63 64 64 65 65
Colombia 64 64 64 64 64
Russian Federation 63 65 65 65 64
Kazakhstan 64 64 65 65 64
Mauritius 65 65 65 65 65
Trinidad and Tobago 65 65 65 65 65
Ecuador 64 64 65 66 66
Kosovo 65 65 65 65 66
Korea, Dem. Rep. 64 65 65 66 66
Vietnam 65 65 65 66 66
Tunisia 64 65 65 66 66
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 65 65 65 65 66
Paraguay 65 65 65 65 66
French Polynesia 65 65 66 66 66
Hungary 65 65 66 66 65
Grenada 65 66 66 66 66
Korea, Rep. 64 65 66 66 67
Libya 65 65 66 66 67
Armenia 67 66 66 66 65
Sri Lanka 66 66 66 66 66
Saudi Arabia 65 66 66 67 67
Georgia 66 66 66 66 66
Ukraine 65 65 66 66 66
Romania 67 67 66 67 67
Estonia 65 66 66 67 66
Latvia 65 66 66 66 65
Thailand 65 66 66 67 67
New Caledonia 65 66 67 67 67
Mexico 66 66 67 67 67
Belarus 67 67 67 67 67
Bahamas, The 66 67 67 67 67
Poland 67 67 67 67 67
Seychelles 67
Slovak Republic 67 67 67 67 67
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 67 67 67 67 68
China 67 67 67 68 68
Venezuela, RB 67 67 67 68 68
Argentina 67 67 68 68 68
Jordan 67 67 68 68 68
Tonga 67 68 68 68 68
Lithuania 66 68 68 67 67
Lebanon 67 67 68 68 68
Czech Republic 68 67 68 68 68
Croatia 67 68 68 68 68
Barbados 67 68 68 68 68
Antigua and Barbuda 67 68 68 68 68
St. Lucia 67 68 68 68 68
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 69 68 66 64
Slovenia 67 68 68 68 69
Syrian Arab Republic 67 68 68 69 69
Malaysia 68 68 68 69 69
Bulgaria 68 69 68 68 68
Uruguay 68 68 68 69 69
Macedonia, FYR 68 68 69 69 69
Jamaica 69 69 69 69 69
Guam 69 69 69 69 70
Albania 69 69 69 69 69
Belize 69 69 69 69 69
Chile 69 69 69 70 70
United Arab Emirates 69 69 69 70 70
Panama 69 69 70 70 70
Marshall Islands 70
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 70 70 70 70 71
Portugal 69 70 70 70 71
Puerto Rico 71 71 70 70 70
St. Martin (French part) 69 70 71 71 71
Dominica 71
Luxembourg 70 70 71 71 71
Kuwait 70 70 71 71 71
Finland 70 71 71 71 71
Bahrain 70 70 71 71 71
Aruba 71 71 71 71 71
Montenegro 71 71 71 71 71
Brunei Darussalam 71 71 71 71 72
Ireland 71 71 71 72 72
New Zealand 71 71 71 71 72
United States 71 71 71 71 72
Germany 71 71 71 72 72
Austria 70 71 71 72 72
Denmark 72 72 72 72 72
France 71 72 72 72 72
Belgium 71 71 72 72 72
Malta 72 72 72 72 73
Macao SAR, China 72 72 72 73 73
Faeroe Islands 73 72 72 73 73
Greece 72 72 72 73 74
United Kingdom 72 72 73 73 73
Singapore 72 72 73 73 74
Norway 73 73 73 73 73
Cuba 73 73 73 73 73
Costa Rica 72 73 73 73 73
Italy 72 73 73 73 74
Australia 72 73 73 73 74
Spain 73 73 73 73 73
Netherlands 73 73 74 74 74
Canada 73 73 74 74 74
Israel 74 73 74 74 75
Switzerland 73 74 74 74 74
Qatar 74 74 74 74 74
Cyprus 74 74 74 74 74
Sweden 74 74 74 74 75
Hong Kong SAR, China 74 74 74 74 74
Iceland 75 75 75 74 76
Japan 75 75 76 76 76
American Samoa
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Curacao
Serbia
Isle of Man
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
San Marino
Bermuda

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