Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Latvia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Cuba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Ukraine 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Malta 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Barbados 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Croatia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Estonia 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Belarus 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Slovenia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7
Bulgaria 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Czech Republic 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Spain 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8
Greece 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Montenegro 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Romania 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1
Iceland 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Macedonia, FYR 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Puerto Rico 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Mauritius 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
China 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Uruguay 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1
Kazakhstan 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Ireland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7
Israel 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Guam 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
New Caledonia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2
Azerbaijan 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Argentina 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Thailand 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Costa Rica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Guyana 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9
Albania 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Jamaica 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Malaysia 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Panama 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Fiji 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Suriname 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
French Polynesia 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Colombia 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Lebanon 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Brazil 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Turkey 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Indonesia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0
India 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
St. Lucia 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Mexico 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Ecuador 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Timor-Leste 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3
South Africa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Bahrain 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Myanmar 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Turkmenistan 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Vietnam 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5
Kiribati 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
El Salvador 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Philippines 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Paraguay 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Tunisia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
United Arab Emirates 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Bolivia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Kuwait 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8
Tonga 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Vanuatu 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4
Lesotho 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Tajikistan 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Morocco 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1
Papua New Guinea 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Qatar 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Belize 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Haiti 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1
Nicaragua 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Congo, Rep. 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Guatemala 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Samoa 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Mongolia 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7
Botswana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Honduras 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Bangladesh 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9
Cabo Verde 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Sao Tome and Principe 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Mauritania 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Djibouti 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Namibia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Madagascar 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.2
Guinea 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Ghana 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Bhutan 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Iraq 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7
Cameroon 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Tanzania 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Swaziland 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
South Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Algeria 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Liberia 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Somalia 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Mali 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Maldives 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9
Zambia 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Saudi Arabia 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Togo 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0
Jordan 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9
Ethiopia 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Senegal 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Burundi 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5
Kenya 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Libya 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2
Oman 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.2
Palau
Bermuda
Dominica 3.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
San Marino
Monaco
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4
Liechtenstein
Seychelles 3.5
Andorra
Curacao
Kosovo 4.6 4.9 4.5
Greenland
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Serbia 2.1
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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