Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Latvia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Ukraine 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Barbados 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Slovenia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Croatia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Czech Republic 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Belarus 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Spain 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Estonia 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Greece 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Serbia 2.1
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Montenegro 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Iceland 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Romania 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Mauritius 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Puerto Rico 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Uruguay 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
China 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Kazakhstan 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Ireland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guam 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Azerbaijan 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Israel 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
New Caledonia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Thailand 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Argentina 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Guyana 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9
Albania 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Costa Rica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Jamaica 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Malaysia 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Panama 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Suriname 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Fiji 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Colombia 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Lebanon 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
French Polynesia 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Brazil 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Turkey 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Indonesia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Mexico 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
St. Lucia 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Kosovo 4.6 4.9 4.5
India 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Ecuador 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
South Africa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Bahrain 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Vietnam 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Myanmar 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6
Turkmenistan 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Timor-Leste 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
El Salvador 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Kiribati 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Philippines 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Tunisia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Paraguay 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Kuwait 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8
United Arab Emirates 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Bolivia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Vanuatu 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4
Tonga 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Lesotho 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Morocco 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Tajikistan 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Papua New Guinea 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Qatar 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Belize 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nicaragua 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Mongolia 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7
Samoa 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Congo, Rep. 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Haiti 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1
Botswana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Guatemala 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Honduras 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Bangladesh 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9
Cabo Verde 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Sao Tome and Principe 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Madagascar 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.2
Namibia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1
Mauritania 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Djibouti 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6
Ghana 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Iraq 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Bhutan 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Tanzania 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Swaziland 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7
Cameroon 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Algeria 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4
Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
South Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6
Liberia 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Somalia 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Mali 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Zambia 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9
Saudi Arabia 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Maldives 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Togo 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0
Jordan 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Senegal 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Ethiopia 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Kenya 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2
Burundi 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Libya 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.2
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Dominica 3.5
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Andorra
Seychelles 3.5
Curacao
Isle of Man
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Bermuda
Monaco
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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