Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Croatia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Barbados 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Slovenia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Spain 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Latvia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Ukraine 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Czech Republic 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Greece 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Belarus 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Central Europe and the Baltics 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Romania 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1
Montenegro 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Iceland 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1
Mauritius 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4
Puerto Rico 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Macedonia, FYR 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Uruguay 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
China 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Ireland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Kazakhstan 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Thailand 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Azerbaijan 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Guyana 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9
Guam 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
New Caledonia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Argentina 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
Albania 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Seychelles 3.5
Dominica 3.5
Costa Rica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Jamaica 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Panama 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Suriname 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Malaysia 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Colombia 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Lebanon 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Fiji 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Brazil 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
French Polynesia 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
Turkey 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Indonesia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
St. Lucia 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Mexico 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Ecuador 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
India 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
South Africa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Bahrain 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Vietnam 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Myanmar 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Turkmenistan 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
El Salvador 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Kosovo 4.6 4.9 4.5
Philippines 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Tunisia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Kiribati 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Kuwait 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8
Timor-Leste 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3
Paraguay 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
United Arab Emirates 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Bolivia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Vanuatu 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4
Morocco 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Tonga 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Lesotho 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Qatar 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Belize 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Papua New Guinea 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Tajikistan 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8
Mongolia 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7
Nicaragua 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Samoa 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1
Botswana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Congo, Rep. 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Bangladesh 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9
Honduras 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Guatemala 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Haiti 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1
Cabo Verde 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Madagascar 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.2
Namibia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1
Sao Tome and Principe 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Mauritania 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Djibouti 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Ghana 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Iraq 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Fragile and conflict affected situations 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Bhutan 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6
Swaziland 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Algeria 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4
Tanzania 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Guinea 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Cameroon 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6
South Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7
Liberia 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Zambia 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9
Saudi Arabia 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Somalia 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Jordan 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9
Togo 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Maldives 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Kenya 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2
Senegal 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Ethiopia 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Libya 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2
Burundi 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.2
Bermuda
Serbia 2.1
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Palau
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Curacao
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands

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