Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4
Denmark 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Sweden 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Japan 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Croatia 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Malta 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Barbados 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9
Slovenia 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Spain 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Latvia 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ukraine 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Greece 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Russian Federation 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Portugal 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Romania 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.3
Montenegro 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Greenland 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2
Iceland 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Faroe Islands 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3
Poland 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Korea, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.1 1.7 1.7
Mauritius 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Puerto Rico 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
China 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Ireland 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Kazakhstan 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Thailand 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6
Azerbaijan 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Guam 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Argentina 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
New Caledonia 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Albania 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Seychelles 3.5
Costa Rica 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Dominica 3.5
Jamaica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Panama 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Suriname 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Malaysia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Colombia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Lebanon 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Fiji 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Brazil 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
French Polynesia 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
Turkey 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Guyana 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9
Indonesia 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7
Dominican Republic 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
St. Lucia 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9
Mexico 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0
Ecuador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
South Africa 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Bahrain 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Vietnam 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2
India 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Myanmar 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3
El Salvador 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4
Uzbekistan 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Turkmenistan 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Philippines 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Tunisia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5
Kiribati 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9
Kuwait 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.1
Paraguay 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Timor-Leste 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.3
United Arab Emirates 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Vanuatu 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Morocco 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9
Tonga 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.1
Lesotho 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Qatar 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Belize 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4
Bolivia 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Tajikistan 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Mongolia 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.3
Nicaragua 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9
Samoa 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6
Botswana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Congo, Rep. 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Bangladesh 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.5
Honduras 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Guatemala 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Haiti 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cabo Verde 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Cambodia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3
Madagascar 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Namibia 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9
Sao Tome and Principe 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Mauritania 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Djibouti 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.4
Ghana 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Iraq 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Algeria 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Sierra Leone 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6
Bhutan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.2
Solomon Islands 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Swaziland 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Tanzania 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sudan 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Eritrea 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7
Zimbabwe 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Libya 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Syrian Arab Republic 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.4
Liberia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Saudi Arabia 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Somalia 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Zambia 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Jordan 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.6
Togo 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Kenya 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.9
Senegal 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Angola 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Burundi 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Oman 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.3
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia 2.1
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Monaco
Palau
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Curacao
Liechtenstein

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