Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4
Denmark 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5
Finland 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Japan 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Spain 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Slovenia 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Croatia 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Barbados 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Malta 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9
Greece 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Portugal 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Greenland 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2
Romania 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.1 1.7 1.7
Latvia 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ukraine 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Russian Federation 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Montenegro 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Faroe Islands 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3
Iceland 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mauritius 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Poland 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Puerto Rico 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
China 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7
Uruguay 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Ireland 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5
Thailand 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Azerbaijan 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Kazakhstan 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Guam 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Argentina 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
New Caledonia 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Albania 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Jamaica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Costa Rica 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Panama 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Colombia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Suriname 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Lebanon 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Malaysia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Brazil 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Fiji 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
French Polynesia 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Turkey 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Indonesia 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7
Guyana 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9
Dominican Republic 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
St. Lucia 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Mexico 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0
Ecuador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
South Africa 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Vietnam 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2
Bahrain 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Myanmar 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
India 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
El Salvador 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4
Uzbekistan 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Kuwait 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.1
Turkmenistan 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Tunisia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5
Philippines 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kiribati 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9
Paraguay 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
United Arab Emirates 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Timor-Leste 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.3
Morocco 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9
Qatar 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Belize 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Vanuatu 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Tonga 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.1
Papua New Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Lesotho 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Bolivia 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4
Tajikistan 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.5
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mongolia 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.3
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Nicaragua 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Samoa 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6
Botswana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6
Bangladesh 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Honduras 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9
Congo, Rep. 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Guatemala 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Cabo Verde 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Namibia 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9
Haiti 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Sao Tome and Principe 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Algeria 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Mauritania 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Djibouti 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Cambodia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3
Ghana 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Iraq 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.4
Bhutan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Solomon Islands 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.2
Sierra Leone 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6
Swaziland 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Tanzania 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Sudan 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5
Libya 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Zimbabwe 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Eritrea 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Syrian Arab Republic 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.4
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Saudi Arabia 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Jordan 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.6
Liberia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Zambia 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Togo 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Somalia 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Kenya 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.9
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.1
Senegal 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Cote d'Ivoire 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1
Angola 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Burundi 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Oman 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.3
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Liechtenstein
Dominica 3.5
Serbia 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Seychelles 3.5
Bermuda

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