Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
Spain 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8
Slovenia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Cuba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Croatia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Barbados 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Malta 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Greece 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
Czech Republic 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Romania 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1
Latvia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Ukraine 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Belarus 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Montenegro 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Estonia 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Iceland 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mauritius 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4
Puerto Rico 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Macedonia, FYR 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
China 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Ireland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7
Thailand 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Guyana 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Azerbaijan 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Kazakhstan 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
New Caledonia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Guam 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Argentina 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2
Albania 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Jamaica 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Costa Rica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Panama 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Suriname 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Colombia 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Lebanon 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Malaysia 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Brazil 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Fiji 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
French Polynesia 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Turkey 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Indonesia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1
St. Lucia 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Mexico 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Ecuador 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
India 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kosovo 4.6 4.9 4.5
South Africa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Vietnam 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5
Bahrain 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Myanmar 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
El Salvador 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Turkmenistan 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Kuwait 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8
Tunisia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Philippines 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Kiribati 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Paraguay 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
United Arab Emirates 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Timor-Leste 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3
Bolivia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Morocco 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Qatar 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Belize 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3
Vanuatu 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4
Tonga 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Papua New Guinea 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Lesotho 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Tajikistan 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Mongolia 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Nicaragua 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8
Samoa 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Botswana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Bangladesh 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Honduras 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Congo, Rep. 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Guatemala 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Cabo Verde 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1
Namibia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1
Haiti 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1
Madagascar 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.2
Sao Tome and Principe 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Mauritania 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Djibouti 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Ghana 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Iraq 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Algeria 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4
Bhutan 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Swaziland 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Tanzania 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Guinea 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7
Cameroon 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
South Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9
Jordan 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9
Zambia 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9
Saudi Arabia 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Liberia 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Togo 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1
Somalia 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Kenya 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Libya 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Senegal 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Maldives 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Ethiopia 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.2
Serbia 2.1
Greenland
Andorra
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Bermuda
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Seychelles 3.5
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Dominica 3.5
Isle of Man

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