Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Italy 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4
Singapore 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0
Finland 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Spain 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Greece 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8
Portugal 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
New Zealand 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Russian Federation 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Iceland 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Montenegro 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Mauritius 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Romania 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
St. Martin (French part) 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Poland 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Armenia 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Ireland 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Thailand 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Guyana 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Azerbaijan 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Sri Lanka 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1
Israel 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Trinidad and Tobago 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7
Albania 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Jamaica 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Suriname 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Costa Rica 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Panama 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Colombia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Lebanon 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Brazil 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Malaysia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6
Fiji 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
French Polynesia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Turkey 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Venezuela, RB 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Indonesia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Dominican Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Lucia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Mexico 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
India 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Vietnam 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
South Africa 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Kuwait 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9
Myanmar 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
Bahrain 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Peru 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
El Salvador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Uzbekistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3
Tunisia 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Philippines 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Kosovo 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Kiribati 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Paraguay 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Morocco 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Qatar 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Belize 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Tonga 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Vanuatu 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Lesotho 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Mongolia 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6
Nepal 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Nicaragua 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0
Bangladesh 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Botswana 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Samoa 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9
Congo, Rep. 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Central African Republic 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Cabo Verde 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Guatemala 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Namibia 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Sao Tome and Principe 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Haiti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3
Algeria 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9
Mauritania 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Ghana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Iraq 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Bhutan 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Lao PDR 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Zimbabwe 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Swaziland 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Tanzania 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Syrian Arab Republic 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Sudan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Comoros 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9
Jordan 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2
Zambia 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Libya 6.9 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6
Liberia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Togo 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6
Benin 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Kenya 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Somalia 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Senegal 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Malawi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7
Rwanda 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9
Marshall Islands 5.9
Greenland
Andorra
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Serbia
Seychelles 3.0
Dominica 3.0
West Bank and Gaza
Curacao
Monaco
Isle of Man

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