Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Italy 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Singapore 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0
Spain 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Finland 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Greece 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Portugal 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8
Barbados 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Iceland 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3
New Zealand 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Mauritius 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Russian Federation 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Montenegro 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Central Europe and the Baltics 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Martin (French part) 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Romania 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Poland 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Ireland 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Armenia 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Thailand 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Sri Lanka 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Azerbaijan 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Trinidad and Tobago 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Albania 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Jamaica 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Suriname 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Panama 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Colombia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Brazil 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Costa Rica 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Lebanon 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Malaysia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6
Turkey 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
French Polynesia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Indonesia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Venezuela, RB 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Dominican Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Lucia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Mexico 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Kuwait 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Vietnam 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Myanmar 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
India 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
South Africa 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Peru 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Bahrain 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Tunisia 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9
El Salvador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Uzbekistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3
Kosovo 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Philippines 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Kiribati 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Qatar 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
Morocco 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4
Belize 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Paraguay 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Bolivia 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Tonga 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Vanuatu 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Lesotho 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Mongolia 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6
Nicaragua 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Nepal 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Bangladesh 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Botswana 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Samoa 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Honduras 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Congo, Rep. 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9
Cabo Verde 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Namibia 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Guatemala 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Central African Republic 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Sao Tome and Principe 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Algeria 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3
Haiti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Ghana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Madagascar 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3
Mauritania 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Iraq 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5
Zimbabwe 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6
Fragile and conflict affected situations 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Bhutan 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Lao PDR 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Swaziland 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Tanzania 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Sudan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Comoros 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9
Jordan 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9
Libya 6.9 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Zambia 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0
Togo 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6
Liberia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Kenya 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4
Benin 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Senegal 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Somalia 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Malawi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7
Rwanda 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9
Seychelles 3.0
Serbia
Andorra
San Marino
Palau
Dominica 3.0
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Curacao
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Marshall Islands 5.9
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Monaco

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