Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Italy 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Singapore 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0 1.8
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Spain 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Greece 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Portugal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Croatia 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Czech Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Malta 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Mauritius 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Russian Federation 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Romania 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Ireland 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Guyana 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Sri Lanka 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Israel 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.8
New Caledonia 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0
Albania 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Suriname 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Panama 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Costa Rica 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Indonesia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
French Polynesia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6
Venezuela, RB 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Lucia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Dominican Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Vietnam 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
Ecuador 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
South Africa 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
India 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Bahrain 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Peru 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tunisia 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
El Salvador 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Philippines 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Qatar 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Kiribati 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Belize 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Paraguay 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Tonga 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Mongolia 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4
Vanuatu 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Lesotho 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Botswana 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Nepal 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Samoa 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Algeria 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0
Namibia 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4
Cabo Verde 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4
Guatemala 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Sao Tome and Principe 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Haiti 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Central African Republic 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.2
Ghana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Mauritania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Iraq 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5
Madagascar 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Bhutan 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Libya 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.3
Swaziland 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Lao PDR 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Comoros 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.7
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Jordan 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Tanzania 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.0
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Zambia 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Kenya 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Togo 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Liberia 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1
Benin 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Senegal 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Maldives 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Chad 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Somalia 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Malawi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5
Rwanda 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Andorra
Palau
Cayman Islands
Taiwan, China
San Marino
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Bermuda
Seychelles 3.0
Curacao
Dominica 3.0
Serbia
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands 5.9
Faeroe Islands

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