Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4
Italy 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Greece 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Spain 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Finland 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Portugal 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Singapore 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0
Croatia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Barbados 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Montenegro 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Mauritius 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Iceland 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
St. Martin (French part) 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Poland 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Russian Federation 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Estonia 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Ireland 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Thailand 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Romania 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Guyana 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Sri Lanka 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Trinidad and Tobago 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7
Azerbaijan 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Dominica 3.0
Seychelles 3.0
Israel 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Suriname 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Albania 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Jamaica 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Brazil 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1
Panama 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Colombia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Lebanon 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Kuwait 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9
Costa Rica 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Turkey 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Indonesia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Fiji 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Malaysia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6
French Polynesia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Venezuela, RB 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Mexico 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Lucia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Dominican Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Myanmar 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
Vietnam 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
South Africa 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Tunisia 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9
India 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Bahrain 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Peru 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
El Salvador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Kosovo 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Uzbekistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3
Qatar 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
Philippines 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Morocco 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Kiribati 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Belize 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Paraguay 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Tonga 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Mongolia 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6
Papua New Guinea 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Bolivia 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Vanuatu 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Nicaragua 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0
Bangladesh 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Lesotho 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Botswana 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Nepal 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Samoa 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Honduras 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Algeria 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3
Congo, Rep. 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Namibia 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Cabo Verde 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Sao Tome and Principe 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5
Guatemala 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Zimbabwe 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6
Haiti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9
Marshall Islands 5.9
Central African Republic 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Libya 6.9 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6
Ghana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9
Mauritania 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Iraq 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Bhutan 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Comoros 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9
Jordan 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Swaziland 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2
Madagascar 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Lao PDR 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2
Sudan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Tanzania 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Kenya 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Zambia 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Togo 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Liberia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7
Benin 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Senegal 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Somalia 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3
Malawi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7
Rwanda 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
American Samoa
San Marino
Bermuda
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Palau
Serbia
Curacao

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