Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Italy 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4
Spain 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Greece 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Portugal 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Barbados 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Montenegro 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Singapore 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0
Sweden 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Russian Federation 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
St. Martin (French part) 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Poland 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Mauritius 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Ireland 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Thailand 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Iceland 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3
Estonia 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Romania 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Guyana 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Sri Lanka 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Trinidad and Tobago 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Azerbaijan 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Suriname 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Kuwait 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9
Israel 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Brazil 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Jamaica 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Albania 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1
Lebanon 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Panama 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Colombia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Turkey 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Costa Rica 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Indonesia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Fiji 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Mexico 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Malaysia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6
French Polynesia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
St. Lucia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Venezuela, RB 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Dominican Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Myanmar 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
Vietnam 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Tunisia 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9
South Africa 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Bahrain 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Peru 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
India 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
El Salvador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Kosovo 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Uzbekistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3
Qatar 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
Morocco 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4
Philippines 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Mongolia 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6
Belize 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kiribati 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
Paraguay 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Tonga 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Bangladesh 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Papua New Guinea 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Nicaragua 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0
Bolivia 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Vanuatu 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Botswana 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Lesotho 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Algeria 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3
Samoa 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Nepal 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Honduras 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5
Namibia 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Cabo Verde 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Zimbabwe 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6
Libya 6.9 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6
Sao Tome and Principe 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Haiti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Guatemala 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Syrian Arab Republic 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Ghana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Central African Republic 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9
Comoros 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9
Jordan 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9
Bhutan 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Iraq 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Swaziland 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Mauritania 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Madagascar 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3
Lao PDR 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Sudan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Tanzania 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Kenya 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Togo 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Zambia 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7
Liberia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Senegal 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Benin 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Malawi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Somalia 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Oman 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Rwanda 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Marshall Islands 5.9
Liechtenstein
Dominica 3.0
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Bermuda
Seychelles 3.0
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Greenland
Palau

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