Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Germany 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Croatia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
France 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Bulgaria 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Romania 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Canada 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Ukraine 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Singapore 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Russian Federation 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4
Australia 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Belarus 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.5
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Latvia 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.6
Malta 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9
Estonia 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
United States 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Sweden 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Macedonia, FYR 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Iceland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Mauritius 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Moldova 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Trinidad and Tobago 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
China 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kazakhstan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5
Palau 2.8
Brazil 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Israel 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9
Jamaica 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Albania 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Lebanon 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Guam 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Panama 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Turkey 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Colombia 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Indonesia 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Costa Rica 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
New Caledonia 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Mexico 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
St. Lucia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
French Polynesia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Myanmar 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Brunei Darussalam 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Tunisia 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Vietnam 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9
South Africa 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Kyrgyz Republic 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Ecuador 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Peru 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Grenada 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
India 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kosovo 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8 2.7
El Salvador 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Qatar 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Mongolia 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.9
Morocco 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Uzbekistan 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5
Philippines 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Turkmenistan 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Paraguay 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Kiribati 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Tonga 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Botswana 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Nicaragua 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Algeria 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7
Papua New Guinea 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5
Bolivia 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6
Vanuatu 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Libya 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2 3.9
Samoa 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Honduras 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.7
Nepal 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Tajikistan 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Zimbabwe 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Namibia 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Cabo Verde 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1
Congo, Rep. 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Gabon 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Haiti 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Jordan 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Guatemala 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Ghana 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Cambodia 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Bhutan 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Swaziland 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Central African Republic 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Solomon Islands 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3
Iraq 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Pakistan 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Kenya 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Djibouti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5
Maldives 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Lao PDR 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6
Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
Tanzania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Mozambique 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Togo 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Cameroon 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Zambia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Nigeria 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Liberia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Guinea 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Senegal 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Benin 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
South Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Malawi 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Oman 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.7
Angola 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Rwanda 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia 1.8
Curacao
Seychelles 2.7
San Marino
American Samoa
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man 1.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica 2.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu

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