Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slovenia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Croatia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Canada 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Romania 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Ukraine 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
Singapore 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Russian Federation 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Belarus 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Central Europe and the Baltics 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Latvia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7
Malta 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
United States 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Thailand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8
Sweden 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
New Zealand 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Iceland 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Mauritius 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Kuwait 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Moldova 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
China 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Bahamas, The 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kazakhstan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7
Palau 2.8
Brazil 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8
Jamaica 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Albania 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Lebanon 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Guam 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Panama 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Turkey 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Colombia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Indonesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Costa Rica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
New Caledonia 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
St. Lucia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
French Polynesia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Myanmar 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
Brunei Darussalam 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Tunisia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
Vietnam 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Ecuador 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Peru 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Grenada 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Kosovo 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8
El Salvador 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Mongolia 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2
Morocco 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8
Philippines 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Turkmenistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Belize 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Paraguay 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Bangladesh 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Kiribati 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Tonga 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Botswana 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Nicaragua 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Algeria 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8
Bolivia 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Lesotho 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Vanuatu 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Libya 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2
Samoa 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Honduras 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8
Nepal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Tajikistan 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Zimbabwe 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Namibia 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9
Congo, Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Gabon 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Haiti 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Jordan 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3
Guatemala 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Ghana 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Bhutan 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Swaziland 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
Central African Republic 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Saudi Arabia 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Iraq 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Pakistan 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Kenya 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Djibouti 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Maldives 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Lao PDR 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Sudan 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Tanzania 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Mozambique 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Madagascar 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Togo 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0
Cameroon 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Zambia 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Nigeria 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Liberia 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Senegal 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
Benin 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Malawi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Oman 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Rwanda 7.5 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
Burundi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Dominica 2.5
San Marino
Andorra
Serbia 1.8
Bermuda
Seychelles 2.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Curacao
Monaco

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