Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Germany 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Romania 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Bulgaria 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Canada 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Russian Federation 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4
France 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ukraine 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Belarus 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.5
Serbia 1.8
Estonia 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Montenegro 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4
Latvia 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.6
Malta 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7
Thailand 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Georgia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Iceland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Macedonia, FYR 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Mauritius 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3
Moldova 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Trinidad and Tobago 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
China 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Kazakhstan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Brazil 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Israel 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Jamaica 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Albania 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Lebanon 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Argentina 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Guam 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Turkey 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Indonesia 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Panama 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Colombia 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Costa Rica 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
New Caledonia 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Myanmar 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Mexico 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
French Polynesia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
St. Lucia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Tunisia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Vietnam 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
South Africa 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Ecuador 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Kyrgyz Republic 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1
Grenada 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Peru 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Mongolia 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.9
India 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
El Salvador 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Qatar 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Morocco 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Uzbekistan 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5
Turkmenistan 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7
Philippines 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Paraguay 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5
Algeria 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7
Botswana 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Kiribati 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Tonga 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Nicaragua 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Libya 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2 3.9
Papua New Guinea 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6
Bolivia 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Vanuatu 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Zimbabwe 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Samoa 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Honduras 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.7
Tajikistan 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Nepal 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Namibia 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6
Cabo Verde 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7
Congo, Rep. 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Haiti 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Gabon 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Jordan 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Bhutan 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Cambodia 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1
Ghana 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Guatemala 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Swaziland 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Solomon Islands 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3
Central African Republic 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Maldives 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.8
Iraq 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Kenya 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Pakistan 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Djibouti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5
Lao PDR 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6
Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Tanzania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Mozambique 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Togo 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Madagascar 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Cameroon 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Zambia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Liberia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Nigeria 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Senegal 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Guinea 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Benin 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
South Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Oman 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.7
Malawi 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Rwanda 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4
Mali 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Angola 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Ethiopia 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.8
Dominica 2.5
Cayman Islands
Palau 2.8
Curacao
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Seychelles 2.7
Andorra
Taiwan, China
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Isle of Man 1.8
Monaco

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