Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Slovenia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Romania 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bulgaria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Denmark 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Canada 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Russian Federation 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Estonia 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5
Belarus 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6
Serbia 1.8
Ukraine 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Central Europe and the Baltics 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Latvia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7
Malta 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8
Thailand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Sweden 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
New Zealand 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Iceland 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Kuwait 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Mauritius 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Moldova 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
China 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Kazakhstan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Bahamas, The 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Brazil 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8
Azerbaijan 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Jamaica 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Albania 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Lebanon 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Guam 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Turkey 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
New Caledonia 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Indonesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Panama 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Colombia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Costa Rica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Myanmar 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
French Polynesia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
St. Lucia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Tunisia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Vietnam 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Kosovo 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Ecuador 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Grenada 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Peru 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mongolia 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
El Salvador 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Morocco 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8
Turkmenistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Philippines 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Bangladesh 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Belize 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Paraguay 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8
Algeria 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0
Botswana 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Kiribati 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Tonga 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Nicaragua 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Libya 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Vanuatu 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Zimbabwe 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Samoa 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Honduras 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8
Tajikistan 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Nepal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Namibia 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Haiti 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Gabon 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Jordan 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Bhutan 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9
Ghana 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guatemala 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Swaziland 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
Saudi Arabia 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
Central African Republic 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Maldives 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1
Iraq 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Kenya 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Pakistan 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Djibouti 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Lao PDR 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Sudan 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Tanzania 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Mozambique 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Togo 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0
Cameroon 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Zambia 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Liberia 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Nigeria 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Senegal 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
Benin 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Oman 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1
Malawi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Rwanda 7.5 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Ethiopia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
Burundi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Seychelles 2.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Tuvalu
Bermuda
American Samoa
San Marino
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Palau 2.8
Marshall Islands
Dominica 2.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Cayman Islands

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