Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Germany 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Croatia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Romania 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Bulgaria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Russian Federation 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Estonia 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Ukraine 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Latvia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Belarus 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6
Central Europe and the Baltics 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Denmark 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Thailand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Sweden 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Malta 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
New Zealand 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Kuwait 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
China 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Aruba 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Moldova 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Iceland 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Mauritius 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Armenia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Dominica 2.5
Kazakhstan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Brazil 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Seychelles 2.7
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8
Azerbaijan 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Lebanon 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
New Caledonia 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Jamaica 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Albania 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Turkey 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Guam 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Indonesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Kosovo 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8
Panama 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Costa Rica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Colombia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Myanmar 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
French Polynesia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Tunisia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
St. Lucia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Vietnam 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Mongolia 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Grenada 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Ecuador 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Peru 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Morocco 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
El Salvador 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Turkmenistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8
Philippines 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Bangladesh 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Algeria 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0
Paraguay 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Belize 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Botswana 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Libya 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2
Nicaragua 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kiribati 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Tonga 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Zimbabwe 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Vanuatu 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8
Honduras 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8
Tajikistan 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Samoa 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Namibia 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Nepal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Cabo Verde 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9
Jordan 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Haiti 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Bhutan 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Gabon 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3
Swaziland 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
Ghana 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Maldives 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1
Guatemala 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Saudi Arabia 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9
Kenya 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Central African Republic 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Iraq 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Pakistan 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Djibouti 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Lao PDR 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Sudan 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Togo 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Tanzania 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0
Mozambique 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Madagascar 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Cameroon 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Liberia 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Zambia 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Nigeria 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Senegal 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Oman 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
Benin 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Malawi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6
Rwanda 7.5 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Somalia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1
Isle of Man
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Andorra
Palau 2.8
Serbia 1.8
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands

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