Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Macao SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Bulgaria 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Latvia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Romania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Czech Republic 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Portugal 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Japan 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Lithuania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Central Europe and the Baltics 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Hungary 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Slovak Republic 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Isle of Man 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Poland 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Finland 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
China 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Sweden 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Malta 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Georgia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Moldova 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Aruba 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Armenia 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8
Kuwait 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Azerbaijan 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kosovo 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Indonesia 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Turkey 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Albania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Jamaica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Argentina 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Costa Rica 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Vietnam 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Tunisia 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Mongolia 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
St. Lucia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Mexico 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Bahrain 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Grenada 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Fiji 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Malaysia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Ecuador 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Peru 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Morocco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5
Uzbekistan 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8
India 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
United Arab Emirates 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
El Salvador 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Qatar 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Algeria 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bangladesh 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Libya 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Philippines 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Botswana 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Paraguay 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Belize 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Nicaragua 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Kiribati 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Tonga 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Lesotho 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Bolivia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Cabo Verde 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Tajikistan 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Namibia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Honduras 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Vanuatu 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Bhutan 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Samoa 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6
Nepal 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3
Cambodia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Jordan 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Maldives 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8
Haiti 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Swaziland 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Gabon 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Ghana 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Guatemala 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Solomon Islands 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Kenya 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Pakistan 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Iraq 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Djibouti 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8
Lao PDR 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Oman 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Mauritania 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Togo 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Sudan 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Mozambique 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Madagascar 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Cameroon 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Timor-Leste 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0
Senegal 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Liberia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Sierra Leone 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Nigeria 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Eritrea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
West Bank and Gaza 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7
Rwanda 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Benin 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Malawi 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
South Sudan 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Burkina Faso 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Burundi 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Afghanistan 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Yemen, Rep. 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Dominica 1.9
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Palau 2.9
American Samoa
Bermuda 1.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia 1.7 1.6
Seychelles 2.1 2.0

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