Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Macao SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Latvia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Germany 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Czech Republic 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Greece 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Portugal 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Japan 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slovak Republic 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Lithuania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Hungary 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Croatia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Poland 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Serbia 1.7 1.6
Luxembourg 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Sweden 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
France 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
China 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Bermuda 1.8
Malta 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Finland 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Georgia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Moldova 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Macedonia, FYR 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Armenia 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Aruba 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Puerto Rico 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8
Azerbaijan 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Kuwait 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Tunisia 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Vietnam 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Indonesia 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Kosovo 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Turkey 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Albania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Mongolia 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3
Jamaica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Costa Rica 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Argentina 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Palau 2.9
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
St. Lucia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Mexico 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Bahrain 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Grenada 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5
Fiji 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Morocco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6
Peru 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Ecuador 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Malaysia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
United Arab Emirates 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
Algeria 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8
India 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
El Salvador 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Qatar 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Uzbekistan 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bangladesh 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Libya 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Botswana 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Philippines 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Nicaragua 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Paraguay 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Belize 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Kiribati 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Tonga 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Lesotho 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Cabo Verde 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Maldives 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8
Bolivia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Tajikistan 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Namibia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Bhutan 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Honduras 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Cambodia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Jordan 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Nepal 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3
Vanuatu 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Samoa 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6
Swaziland 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Haiti 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Gabon 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4
Ghana 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Solomon Islands 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Guatemala 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Kenya 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Oman 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Djibouti 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8
Pakistan 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Lao PDR 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Iraq 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Mauritania 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Togo 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Sudan 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Tanzania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Mozambique 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Cameroon 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Gambia, The 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Senegal 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Liberia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Sierra Leone 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Nigeria 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
West Bank and Gaza 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7
Eritrea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Rwanda 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Benin 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Timor-Leste 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0
Malawi 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
South Sudan 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Burkina Faso 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Burundi 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Yemen, Rep. 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8
Somalia 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Afghanistan 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Andorra
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Isle of Man 1.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Seychelles 2.1 2.0
Dominica 1.9
San Marino
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands

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