Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Macao SAR, China 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
Latvia 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Czech Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Ukraine 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Japan 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slovak Republic 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Lithuania 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Hungary 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Croatia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Poland 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Canada 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Luxembourg 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Serbia 1.7 1.6
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
France 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
China 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Bermuda 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Malta 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Thailand 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9
Georgia 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Moldova 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Macedonia, FYR 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0
Armenia 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Aruba 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0
Puerto Rico 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Cyprus 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Mauritius 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
Azerbaijan 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Chile 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Kuwait 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.3
New Caledonia 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Lebanon 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Tunisia 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1
Vietnam 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8
Indonesia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Albania 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Mongolia 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Jamaica 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Costa Rica 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Argentina 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
French Polynesia 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Myanmar 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Palau 2.9
Colombia 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
St. Lucia 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Mexico 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Bahrain 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
South Africa 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Grenada 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Dominican Republic 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3
Fiji 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1
Kyrgyz Republic 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.6
Morocco 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Peru 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Ecuador 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Malaysia 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Algeria 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6
India 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Turkmenistan 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
El Salvador 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Qatar 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
Uzbekistan 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Bangladesh 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Libya 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1
Botswana 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Philippines 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Nicaragua 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4
Paraguay 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Belize 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Kiribati 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Zimbabwe 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Tonga 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Lesotho 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9
Maldives 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.5
Bolivia 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Tajikistan 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1
Namibia 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1
Bhutan 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Honduras 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1
Cambodia 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6
Jordan 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Nepal 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Vanuatu 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Samoa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Swaziland 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3
Haiti 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Gabon 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Saudi Arabia 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Ghana 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Solomon Islands 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Guatemala 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9
Comoros 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Kenya 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Oman 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3 4.0
Djibouti 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.6
Pakistan 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7
Lao PDR 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.4
Iraq 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mauritania 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
Togo 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5
Sudan 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Mozambique 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Cameroon 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Madagascar 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Gambia, The 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9
Senegal 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Liberia 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Sierra Leone 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Nigeria 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
West Bank and Gaza 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.6
Eritrea 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Rwanda 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Guinea 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Benin 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Timor-Leste 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.1
Malawi 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
South Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Ethiopia 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Angola 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Burundi 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Yemen, Rep. 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Somalia 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.7
Afghanistan 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.8
Taiwan, China
Cayman Islands
Curacao
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Tuvalu
Dominica 1.9
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 2.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands 5.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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