Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Latvia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Macao SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Czech Republic 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Germany 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Portugal 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Lithuania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Poland 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Sweden 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
China 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Croatia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5
Singapore 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Finland 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Luxembourg 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Moldova 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Georgia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Armenia 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Puerto Rico 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Aruba 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Malta 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Vietnam 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Tunisia 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Mongolia 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Kuwait 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Turkey 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Albania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Costa Rica 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Kosovo 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6
Jamaica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Argentina 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
French Polynesia 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
St. Lucia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Mexico 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5
Grenada 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Kyrgyz Republic 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6
Bahrain 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Morocco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Algeria 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8
United Arab Emirates 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
Peru 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Fiji 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Ecuador 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Malaysia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Uzbekistan 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
India 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
El Salvador 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Qatar 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Libya 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bangladesh 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Botswana 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Nicaragua 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Philippines 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Paraguay 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Belize 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Maldives 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Kiribati 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Cabo Verde 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Tonga 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Bhutan 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Cambodia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Tajikistan 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Namibia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Lesotho 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Bolivia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Honduras 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Jordan 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Nepal 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Vanuatu 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Samoa 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6
Swaziland 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Haiti 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Gabon 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Ghana 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Oman 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Solomon Islands 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Guatemala 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Djibouti 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8
Kenya 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Lao PDR 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Pakistan 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Iraq 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Togo 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Sudan 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Tanzania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Cameroon 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Mozambique 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Senegal 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Gambia, The 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Liberia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
West Bank and Gaza 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7
Sierra Leone 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Nigeria 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Eritrea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Rwanda 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Benin 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
South Sudan 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Malawi 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Timor-Leste 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0
Burkina Faso 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Burundi 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Yemen, Rep. 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Afghanistan 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man 1.8
Dominica 1.9
Seychelles 2.1 2.0
Serbia 1.7 1.6
Bermuda 1.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Monaco
San Marino
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Palau 2.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands

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