Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Bulgaria 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Latvia 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Macao SAR, China 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Czech Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Ukraine 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3
Estonia 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Lithuania 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Poland 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5
Sweden 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Canada 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Serbia 1.6 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Croatia 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Moldova 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Georgia 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Macedonia, FYR 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Puerto Rico 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Dominica 1.9
Montenegro 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Cyprus 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Aruba 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Kazakhstan 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8
Iceland 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.1
Mauritius 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Chile 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Uruguay 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Bahamas, The 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Vietnam 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0
Tunisia 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Albania 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2
Mongolia 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Lebanon 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Faroe Islands 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.6
Colombia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Indonesia 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.4
Turkey 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
St. Lucia 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Costa Rica 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
French Polynesia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Argentina 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
New Caledonia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6
Greenland 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Jamaica 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Kuwait 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Grenada 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Mexico 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7
Bahrain 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Israel 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Suriname 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Myanmar 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
South Africa 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Algeria 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5
Dominican Republic 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Morocco 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
United Arab Emirates 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.6
Uzbekistan 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.6
Peru 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Guyana 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Turkmenistan 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Malaysia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8
Fiji 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Ecuador 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
El Salvador 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Libya 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Nicaragua 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1
Qatar 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Bangladesh 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
India 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Maldives 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9
Botswana 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Belize 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Paraguay 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Philippines 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Bhutan 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Cabo Verde 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7
Kiribati 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Zimbabwe 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Cambodia 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8
Bolivia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1
Tajikistan 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Tonga 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Namibia 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Lesotho 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Jordan 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Honduras 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Nepal 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Swaziland 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Vanuatu 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Oman 5.0 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.7
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Samoa 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Haiti 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Guatemala 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Gabon 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Ghana 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Lao PDR 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
Djibouti 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5
Solomon Islands 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Pakistan 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Kenya 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Iraq 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Togo 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
Eritrea 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3
Sudan 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Tanzania 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Cameroon 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Senegal 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6
Madagascar 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8
Mozambique 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
West Bank and Gaza 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4
Rwanda 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Gambia, The 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9
Liberia 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Nigeria 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Benin 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Guinea 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Malawi 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
South Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Timor-Leste 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.5
Uganda 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Mali 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Yemen, Rep. 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.3
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burundi 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Somalia 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
American Samoa
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda 1.7
Liechtenstein 1.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Andorra
Monaco
Marshall Islands 5.7
Palau

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