Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Bulgaria 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Latvia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Macao SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Czech Republic 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belarus 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Central Europe and the Baltics 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Japan 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Lithuania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Poland 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Sweden 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
China 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Serbia 1.7 1.6
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Singapore 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Croatia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5
Luxembourg 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Moldova 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Georgia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Finland 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
France 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Armenia 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Dominica 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Aruba 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Malta 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Azerbaijan 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Seychelles 2.1 2.0
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Vietnam 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Tunisia 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Mongolia 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kosovo 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Indonesia 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Turkey 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Albania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Costa Rica 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
St. Lucia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Argentina 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Jamaica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kuwait 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6
Mexico 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Grenada 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Bahrain 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Algeria 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Morocco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
United Arab Emirates 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
Uzbekistan 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8
Peru 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
Malaysia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Ecuador 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
El Salvador 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
India 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Libya 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Bangladesh 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Qatar 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Nicaragua 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Botswana 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Belize 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Paraguay 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Philippines 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Maldives 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8
Bhutan 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Cabo Verde 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Kiribati 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Cambodia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Syrian Arab Republic 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Tajikistan 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Tonga 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Namibia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Honduras 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Bolivia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Lesotho 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Jordan 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Nepal 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Swaziland 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4
Vanuatu 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Oman 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Samoa 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6
Haiti 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Gabon 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Ghana 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Lao PDR 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Djibouti 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8
Solomon Islands 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Pakistan 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Guatemala 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Kenya 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Iraq 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Togo 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Mauritania 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Sudan 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Tanzania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Cameroon 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Senegal 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Mozambique 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
West Bank and Gaza 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7
Gambia, The 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Liberia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Sierra Leone 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Eritrea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Rwanda 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Nigeria 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Benin 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
South Sudan 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Malawi 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Burkina Faso 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Timor-Leste 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Mali 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Yemen, Rep. 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8
Burundi 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Afghanistan 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Andorra
Isle of Man 1.8
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau 2.9
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Bermuda 1.8

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