Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Macao SAR, China 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9
Latvia 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Bulgaria 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Czech Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Ukraine 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Russian Federation 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Estonia 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Japan 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Poland 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5
Croatia 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4
Lithuania 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Singapore 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Sweden 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Moldova 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Georgia 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Armenia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Kazakhstan 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Macedonia, FYR 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cyprus 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0
Puerto Rico 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Aruba 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Iceland 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.1
Chile 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Vietnam 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Tunisia 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Bahamas, The 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Uruguay 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mongolia 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Greenland 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.3
Lebanon 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Colombia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
St. Lucia 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Indonesia 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Albania 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
New Caledonia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6
Costa Rica 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Turkey 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
French Polynesia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Argentina 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.4
Jamaica 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Grenada 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Algeria 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5
Uzbekistan 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.6
Mexico 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Kuwait 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9
Suriname 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Morocco 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
United Arab Emirates 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.6
Venezuela, RB 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
South Africa 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Myanmar 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Dominican Republic 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Israel 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Turkmenistan 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Peru 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Malaysia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8
Guyana 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
El Salvador 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Ecuador 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Libya 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Fiji 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Nicaragua 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Bangladesh 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Maldives 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.2 2.9
Qatar 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
India 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Botswana 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Paraguay 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Belize 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Philippines 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Bhutan 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Cabo Verde 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7
Cambodia 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8
Zimbabwe 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Kiribati 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Tajikistan 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Namibia 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Bolivia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1
Jordan 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Honduras 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Oman 5.0 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.7
Tonga 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Lesotho 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Nepal 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Swaziland 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Vanuatu 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Haiti 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Samoa 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Guatemala 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Lao PDR 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
Gabon 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Djibouti 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.5
Ghana 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Solomon Islands 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Pakistan 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Kenya 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Iraq 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Togo 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Eritrea 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
Sudan 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Senegal 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6
Tanzania 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
West Bank and Gaza 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4
Cameroon 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Madagascar 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5
Rwanda 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8
Mozambique 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Gambia, The 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Liberia 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Benin 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Nigeria 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Guinea 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Malawi 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
South Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Yemen, Rep. 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.3
Ethiopia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.5
Uganda 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Mali 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Timor-Leste 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burundi 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5
Somalia 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Curacao
Dominica 1.9
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands 5.7
Serbia 1.6 1.5
Monaco
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Liechtenstein 1.6
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Bermuda 1.7
Palau 1.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands

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