Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Macao SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Latvia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Bulgaria 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Czech Republic 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Hungary 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Romania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Japan 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Poland 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Croatia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5
Lithuania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Singapore 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Sweden 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
China 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Moldova 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Luxembourg 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Georgia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Armenia 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Malta 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Aruba 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Azerbaijan 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.1 2.0
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Vietnam 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Tunisia 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Mongolia 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5
St. Lucia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Indonesia 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Albania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Costa Rica 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Turkey 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Kosovo 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6
French Polynesia 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Argentina 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6
Jamaica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Grenada 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Mexico 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Algeria 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8
Uzbekistan 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Bahrain 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Kuwait 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9
United Arab Emirates 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
Morocco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
Peru 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Malaysia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Ecuador 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Fiji 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
El Salvador 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Libya 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
India 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Bangladesh 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Qatar 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Nicaragua 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Botswana 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Maldives 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8
Belize 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Paraguay 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Philippines 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Bhutan 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Cabo Verde 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Cambodia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Kiribati 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Syrian Arab Republic 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Tajikistan 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Honduras 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Namibia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Jordan 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Oman 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Tonga 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Lesotho 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Bolivia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Nepal 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4
Swaziland 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Vanuatu 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Haiti 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Samoa 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Lao PDR 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Gabon 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Djibouti 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Ghana 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Pakistan 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Solomon Islands 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Guatemala 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Kenya 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Iraq 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Togo 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Sudan 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Senegal 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Tanzania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
West Bank and Gaza 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7
Cameroon 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Mozambique 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Liberia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Sierra Leone 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Rwanda 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Eritrea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Benin 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Nigeria 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
South Sudan 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Malawi 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Burkina Faso 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Yemen, Rep. 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8
Mali 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Timor-Leste 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0
Burundi 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Afghanistan 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia 1.7 1.6
Dominica 1.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda 1.8
Tuvalu
American Samoa
San Marino
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Palau 2.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man 1.8

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