Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Macao SAR, China 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Czech Republic 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Latvia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Ukraine 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Slovenia 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Bulgaria 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Greece 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Austria 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Poland 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Lithuania 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Singapore 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Sweden 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Portugal 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Moldova 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
United Kingdom 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Kazakhstan 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Thailand 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Denmark 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Luxembourg 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Malta 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cyprus 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
France 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Aruba 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Mauritius 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9
Tunisia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.0
Chile 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mongolia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Uruguay 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Lebanon 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4
Brazil 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
St. Lucia 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Albania 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Costa Rica 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Turkey 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Myanmar 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
French Polynesia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Argentina 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Guyana 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Jamaica 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
Algeria 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Grenada 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Colombia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Mexico 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Uzbekistan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Morocco 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Kosovo 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.3
South Africa 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Malaysia 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4
Israel 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0
Peru 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
El Salvador 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Ecuador 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Fiji 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Libya 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
India 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Bangladesh 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Qatar 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Nicaragua 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
Maldives 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7
Botswana 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Belize 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Paraguay 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bhutan 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Cabo Verde 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Cambodia 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4
Oman 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1
Kiribati 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Tajikistan 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7
Zimbabwe 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Honduras 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Namibia 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Jordan 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5
Lesotho 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Nepal 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Bolivia 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tonga 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Swaziland 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Lao PDR 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7
Haiti 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Vanuatu 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Djibouti 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Gabon 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Pakistan 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0
Sao Tome and Principe 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Ghana 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Guatemala 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Iraq 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Togo 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Mauritania 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Cote d'Ivoire 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Central African Republic 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Sudan 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
West Bank and Gaza 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0
Senegal 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Madagascar 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Cameroon 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Marshall Islands 5.7
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Liberia 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Sierra Leone 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Rwanda 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Guinea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Eritrea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Benin 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Zambia 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
South Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Malawi 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Burkina Faso 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Ethiopia 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0
Mali 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Angola 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Uganda 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Burundi 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Somalia 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Afghanistan 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3
Andorra
Liechtenstein 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Isle of Man 1.7
American Samoa
Dominica 1.9 1.9
Serbia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
San Marino
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau 1.5
Northern Mariana Islands

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