Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Macao SAR, China 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Ukraine 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Czech Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Russian Federation 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Latvia 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Bulgaria 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Slovenia 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Estonia 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Austria 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Poland 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Lithuania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Korea, Rep. 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Serbia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Palau 1.5
Sweden 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8
Portugal 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Moldova 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
United Kingdom 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Thailand 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Malta 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Cyprus 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8
Luxembourg 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Kazakhstan 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aruba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0
Vietnam 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Azerbaijan 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.1
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.2
Bahamas, The 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0
Tunisia 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
Chile 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Mongolia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Lebanon 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Greenland 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
St. Lucia 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Brazil 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Albania 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Costa Rica 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
Myanmar 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2
Turkey 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
French Polynesia 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Argentina 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Algeria 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Uzbekistan 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5
Grenada 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
New Caledonia 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Jamaica 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Colombia 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Mexico 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Morocco 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bahrain 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Malaysia 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Turkmenistan 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
South Africa 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kuwait 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Peru 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
El Salvador 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Israel 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.9
Libya 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Ecuador 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Fiji 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
India 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Qatar 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.7
Nicaragua 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Maldives 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Botswana 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Belize 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Bhutan 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
Paraguay 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Cabo Verde 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
Oman 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0
Cambodia 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Philippines 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
Kiribati 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4
Tajikistan 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Saudi Arabia 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.3
Honduras 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Namibia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Jordan 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Nepal 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Zimbabwe 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Lesotho 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Bolivia 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Lao PDR 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Swaziland 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Tonga 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Haiti 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8
Vanuatu 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Djibouti 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Pakistan 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
Gabon 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Ghana 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Sao Tome and Principe 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6
Solomon Islands 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Guatemala 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Iraq 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Cote d'Ivoire 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Mauritania 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
West Bank and Gaza 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Sudan 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Central African Republic 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Madagascar 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Senegal 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Cameroon 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Liberia 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Rwanda 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Sierra Leone 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Eritrea 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Benin 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Zambia 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0
South Sudan 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Malawi 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Yemen, Rep. 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6
Ethiopia 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9
Burkina Faso 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Angola 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Uganda 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Burundi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.8
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.6
Chad 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.1
Somalia 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Dominica 1.9 1.9
San Marino
Taiwan, China
Isle of Man 1.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
Singapore 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Andorra
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
American Samoa

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