Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Macao SAR, China 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Ukraine 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Czech Republic 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Latvia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Central Europe and the Baltics 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lithuania 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Korea, Rep. 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Poland 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Austria 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Portugal 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Moldova 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Sweden 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Serbia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
United Kingdom 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Thailand 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cyprus 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7
Denmark 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bermuda 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aruba 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.0
Kazakhstan 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
France 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Vietnam 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Seychelles 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Chile 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Tunisia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Mongolia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Lebanon 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Uruguay 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
St. Lucia 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Albania 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Brazil 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Costa Rica 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Myanmar 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
Turkey 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
French Polynesia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Argentina 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Algeria 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4
Uzbekistan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Grenada 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
United Arab Emirates 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Jamaica 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Colombia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Mexico 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Morocco 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Guyana 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Malaysia 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Kosovo 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.3
El Salvador 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
South Africa 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Peru 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Israel 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0
Libya 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Bangladesh 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Ecuador 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Fiji 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Maldives 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7
India 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Qatar 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Nicaragua 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Botswana 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Bhutan 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1
Oman 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1
Belize 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Cabo Verde 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Paraguay 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Cambodia 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4
Kiribati 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Philippines 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Tajikistan 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7
Honduras 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Nepal 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Namibia 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Jordan 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Lesotho 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Lao PDR 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7
Zimbabwe 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Bolivia 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9
Swaziland 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Haiti 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Tonga 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Vanuatu 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Pakistan 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0
Djibouti 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Gabon 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Ghana 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Sao Tome and Principe 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Guatemala 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Iraq 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Togo 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
West Bank and Gaza 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Mauritania 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Sudan 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Central African Republic 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Madagascar 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Senegal 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Cameroon 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Rwanda 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Liberia 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Sierra Leone 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Eritrea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Guinea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Benin 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Zambia 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
South Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Malawi 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Ethiopia 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Angola 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Uganda 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Burundi 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Somalia 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4
Afghanistan 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Curacao
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica 1.9 1.9
American Samoa
Isle of Man 1.7
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands 5.7
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
Palau 1.5

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