Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Macao SAR, China 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Ukraine 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2
Czech Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Bulgaria 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Latvia 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Spain 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Lithuania 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Korea, Rep. 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Poland 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Moldova 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Portugal 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Malta 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5
Sweden 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Serbia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
United Kingdom 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8
Thailand 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cyprus 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Luxembourg 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Azerbaijan 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Kazakhstan 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Puerto Rico 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
Iceland 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Vietnam 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2
Bahamas, The 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Chile 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Tunisia 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0
Albania 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Mongolia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Lebanon 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
St. Lucia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Costa Rica 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Faroe Islands 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Brazil 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
French Polynesia 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Turkey 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
New Caledonia 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Algeria 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Greenland 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4
Grenada 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Jamaica 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Argentina 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Morocco 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Panama 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Malaysia 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Mexico 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Bahrain 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Maldives 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Kuwait 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Venezuela, RB 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Turkmenistan 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
El Salvador 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
South Africa 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Libya 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Peru 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Israel 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8
Ecuador 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Nicaragua 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Guyana 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Fiji 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Qatar 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
India 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Botswana 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Bhutan 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8
Paraguay 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Cabo Verde 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9
Oman 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
Belize 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Cambodia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Philippines 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Saudi Arabia 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Honduras 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Tajikistan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Nepal 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Namibia 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Bolivia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Jordan 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7
Lesotho 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kiribati 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Zimbabwe 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Swaziland 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Lao PDR 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Haiti 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Tonga 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Vanuatu 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Guatemala 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Djibouti 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Pakistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1
Gabon 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Ghana 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Iraq 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Sao Tome and Principe 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Eritrea 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9
West Bank and Gaza 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Mauritania 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Togo 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Sudan 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Central African Republic 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Madagascar 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Senegal 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Rwanda 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.1
Cameroon 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Liberia 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8
Benin 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6
Guinea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Zambia 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
South Sudan 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Yemen, Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Sierra Leone 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Malawi 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0
Ethiopia 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7
Burkina Faso 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Uganda 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Angola 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Burundi 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.3
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1
Afghanistan 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.8
Somalia 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.3
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man 1.7
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau 2.0
Monaco
Tuvalu
Curacao
Andorra
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
Dominica 1.9 1.9
Marshall Islands 4.5

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