Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Macao SAR, China 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Ukraine 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Czech Republic 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belarus 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Lithuania 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Poland 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Latvia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Singapore 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Liechtenstein 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Moldova 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Serbia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cyprus 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Thailand 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
United Kingdom 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Isle of Man 1.7
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Sweden 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Denmark 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7
Bermuda 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9
Aruba 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Puerto Rico 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
France 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Dominica 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Mauritius 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Kazakhstan 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Tunisia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Chile 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Lebanon 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Mongolia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.0
St. Lucia 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Albania 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Uruguay 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Brazil 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Costa Rica 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Myanmar 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Turkey 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
French Polynesia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Argentina 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Algeria 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
United Arab Emirates 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Grenada 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
Uzbekistan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Morocco 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Malaysia 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4
Jamaica 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Mexico 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Colombia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Guyana 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Kosovo 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.3
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
El Salvador 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
South Africa 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Peru 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Maldives 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7
Israel 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0
Bangladesh 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Libya 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Ecuador 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Qatar 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Fiji 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
India 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Nicaragua 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Botswana 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Bhutan 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1
Oman 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1
Cabo Verde 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Belize 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Cambodia 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4
Paraguay 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Kiribati 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5
Philippines 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Tajikistan 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7
Honduras 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Nepal 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Lao PDR 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7
Namibia 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Lesotho 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Jordan 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Bolivia 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9
Zimbabwe 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Swaziland 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Haiti 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Pakistan 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0
Vanuatu 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Tonga 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Djibouti 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Gabon 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Ghana 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Sao Tome and Principe 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Guatemala 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Iraq 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
West Bank and Gaza 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Togo 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Mauritania 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Sudan 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Comoros 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Central African Republic 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Madagascar 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Senegal 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Cameroon 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Rwanda 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Liberia 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
Sierra Leone 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Eritrea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Guinea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Benin 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
South Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Zambia 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Malawi 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Ethiopia 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Uganda 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Angola 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Burundi 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Afghanistan 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3
Somalia 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Marshall Islands 5.7
Monaco
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Palau 1.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands

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