Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Macao SAR, China 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Ukraine 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2
Czech Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Korea, Rep. 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Slovenia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Poland 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Moldova 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Lithuania 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Singapore 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Latvia 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Croatia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Portugal 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Serbia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Thailand 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Luxembourg 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
United Kingdom 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8
Sweden 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Puerto Rico 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Mauritius 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bahamas, The 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Albania 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Azerbaijan 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0
Dominica 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
New Zealand 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Lebanon 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Chile 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Iceland 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Kazakhstan 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2
Tunisia 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0
Mongolia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
St. Lucia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Seychelles 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2
Costa Rica 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Brazil 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
New Caledonia 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
French Polynesia 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Turkey 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.4
Greenland 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4
Algeria 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Grenada 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Malaysia 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Jamaica 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Argentina 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Faroe Islands 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Morocco 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Maldives 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
El Salvador 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Bahrain 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Panama 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Mexico 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Kuwait 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Venezuela, RB 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Turkmenistan 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
South Africa 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Peru 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Nicaragua 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Qatar 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6
Ecuador 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Bangladesh 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Guyana 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Israel 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8
Fiji 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Bhutan 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.8
India 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Botswana 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Cabo Verde 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9
Oman 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
Paraguay 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Belize 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Cambodia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Saudi Arabia 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Honduras 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Nepal 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Philippines 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Tajikistan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Lesotho 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Bolivia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Namibia 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Jordan 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7
Lao PDR 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Kiribati 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Haiti 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Swaziland 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Zimbabwe 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Vanuatu 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Guatemala 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Djibouti 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tonga 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Pakistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1
Gabon 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Ghana 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Iraq 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9
West Bank and Gaza 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Eritrea 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Sao Tome and Principe 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Sudan 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Mauritania 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Madagascar 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Central African Republic 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Togo 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Senegal 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Rwanda 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.1
Cameroon 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Liberia 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Benin 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Yemen, Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8
Guinea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
South Sudan 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Sierra Leone 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Ethiopia 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7
Zambia 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Malawi 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Uganda 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Angola 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Burundi 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.3
Afghanistan 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.8
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1
Somalia 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.3
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Andorra
Monaco
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau 2.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
Marshall Islands 4.5
San Marino
Isle of Man 1.7

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