Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Macao SAR, China 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Czech Republic 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Ukraine 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belarus 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Poland 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Bulgaria 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Central Europe and the Baltics 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lithuania 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Singapore 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Latvia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Liechtenstein 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Croatia 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Portugal 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Malta 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5
Moldova 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macedonia, FYR 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cyprus 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Thailand 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Serbia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Georgia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
United Kingdom 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Sweden 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Denmark 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Puerto Rico 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aruba 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Mauritius 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
France 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9
Dominica 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Lebanon 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Chile 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.0
Kazakhstan 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Tunisia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Albania 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
St. Lucia 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Seychelles 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Mongolia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Uruguay 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Brazil 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Costa Rica 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Myanmar 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Sri Lanka 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Turkey 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
United Arab Emirates 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
French Polynesia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Argentina 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Kosovo 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.3
Uzbekistan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.4
Grenada 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Algeria 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Malaysia 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4
Morocco 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5
Mexico 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Jamaica 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Colombia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
El Salvador 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Kuwait 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Guyana 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Maldives 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7
Guam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Panama 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
South Africa 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Peru 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Bangladesh 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Dominican Republic 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Qatar 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Libya 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Ecuador 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Israel 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0
India 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Fiji 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Nicaragua 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0
Bhutan 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Oman 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.1
Botswana 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Cabo Verde 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Belize 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Cambodia 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.4
Paraguay 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.5
Kiribati 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Nepal 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Philippines 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Honduras 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Tajikistan 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7
Lao PDR 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7
Lesotho 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Namibia 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Jordan 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Bolivia 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9
Haiti 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Swaziland 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Pakistan 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0
Zimbabwe 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Vanuatu 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Djibouti 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Tonga 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Gabon 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Ghana 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Guatemala 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Solomon Islands 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Sao Tome and Principe 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Iraq 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
West Bank and Gaza 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Togo 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Mauritania 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Sudan 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Madagascar 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Central African Republic 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Comoros 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Senegal 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Cameroon 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Rwanda 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Guinea-Bissau 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Liberia 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Tanzania 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Sierra Leone 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Eritrea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Mozambique 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
Guinea 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7
Benin 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Gambia, The 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
South Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Zambia 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0
Nigeria 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Ethiopia 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0
Malawi 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Burkina Faso 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Uganda 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Angola 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Burundi 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9
Timor-Leste 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
Afghanistan 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3
Somalia 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.4
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Isle of Man 1.7
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Curacao
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands 5.7
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.1
Palau 1.5

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