Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2
Belarus 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Czech Republic 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Poland 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Latvia 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Bulgaria 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Spain 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Liechtenstein 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Estonia 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Serbia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Georgia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Luxembourg 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Belgium 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Sweden 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Lebanon 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
France 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Chile 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Albania 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
St. Lucia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Brazil 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mongolia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Myanmar 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
New Caledonia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Turkey 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
French Polynesia 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Grenada 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Greenland 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Algeria 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6
Mexico 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
El Salvador 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Jamaica 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Bahrain 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Kosovo 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4
Suriname 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Maldives 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Guam 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Qatar 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Guyana 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
South Africa 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Libya 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
India 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Ecuador 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Nicaragua 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Bhutan 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Oman 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Cabo Verde 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Botswana 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Belize 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Cambodia 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Paraguay 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Saudi Arabia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Kiribati 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Nepal 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
Philippines 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Honduras 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Tajikistan 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Lesotho 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Namibia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Jordan 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Bolivia 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Haiti 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Pakistan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Swaziland 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Vanuatu 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Zimbabwe 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Djibouti 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Tonga 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Gabon 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Ghana 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Guatemala 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Iraq 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
West Bank and Gaza 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kenya 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Togo 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Sudan 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Mauritania 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Central African Republic 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Senegal 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Cameroon 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Rwanda 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Liberia 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Sierra Leone 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1
Equatorial Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Eritrea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Benin 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Tanzania 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Mozambique 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
South Sudan 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Ethiopia 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Zambia 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Malawi 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Timor-Leste 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7
Uganda 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Burundi 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Afghanistan 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Somalia 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
San Marino
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3
American Samoa
Palau
Dominica
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7
Monaco

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