Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Korea, Rep. 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belarus 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Poland 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Czech Republic 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Bulgaria 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7
Greece 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Spain 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Latvia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Serbia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7
Croatia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Estonia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Georgia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Belgium 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Lebanon 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Sweden 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Albania 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Chile 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
France 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1
Azerbaijan 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
St. Lucia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Brazil 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Uruguay 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Mongolia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
Seychelles 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
New Caledonia 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Malaysia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.6
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Turkey 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
French Polynesia 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4
Grenada 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Uzbekistan 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
El Salvador 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Bahrain 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2
Jamaica 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9
Algeria 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8
Maldives 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Suriname 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Qatar 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Bangladesh 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Turkmenistan 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Guam 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
South Africa 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Guyana 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bhutan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
India 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Israel 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Nicaragua 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Ecuador 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Cabo Verde 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Oman 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Botswana 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Belize 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Cambodia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Saudi Arabia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Paraguay 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Kiribati 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Nepal 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Honduras 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Lao PDR 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Lesotho 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Namibia 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Tajikistan 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7
Bolivia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4
Jordan 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Haiti 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Pakistan 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Vanuatu 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Swaziland 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Zimbabwe 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Djibouti 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Tonga 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Gabon 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
Guatemala 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Ghana 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Sao Tome and Principe 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Iraq 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Kenya 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Cote d'Ivoire 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9
Togo 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Sudan 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Central African Republic 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Mauritania 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Comoros 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Senegal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Cameroon 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Rwanda 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Yemen, Rep. 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Sierra Leone 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Liberia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Eritrea 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Benin 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Tanzania 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mozambique 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
South Sudan 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Ethiopia 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Malawi 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Zambia 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Timor-Leste 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.7
Uganda 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Angola 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Afghanistan 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2 5.9
Chad 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Somalia 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7 1.7
Palau
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1
Monaco
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Middle East (developing only)
Dominica
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2

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