Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Poland 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Serbia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Greece 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Spain 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Czech Republic 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bulgaria 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7
Thailand 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7 1.7
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Latvia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Lebanon 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Estonia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Georgia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Albania 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Belgium 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Sweden 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Norway 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Chile 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Brazil 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
France 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Ireland 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
St. Lucia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Malaysia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Uruguay 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1
Turkey 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
French Polynesia 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
New Caledonia 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4
Seychelles 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Bahrain 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2
Qatar 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Grenada 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mongolia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
El Salvador 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Maldives 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Jamaica 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Suriname 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Bangladesh 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.6
Turkmenistan 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Uzbekistan 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Guam 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
South Africa 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bhutan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Algeria 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8
Cabo Verde 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
India 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Guyana 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Nicaragua 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Ecuador 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9
Oman 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Israel 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Botswana 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Belize 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Nepal 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Saudi Arabia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Cambodia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Paraguay 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Kiribati 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Honduras 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Lesotho 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Namibia 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Lao PDR 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Bolivia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4
Haiti 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Jordan 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Pakistan 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Tajikistan 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7
Vanuatu 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Swaziland 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Djibouti 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Zimbabwe 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Tonga 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Guatemala 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Ghana 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Gabon 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
Iraq 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
Kenya 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Sudan 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Central African Republic 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Togo 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9
Mauritania 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Comoros 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Senegal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Rwanda 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Sierra Leone 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Cameroon 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Eritrea 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Liberia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Ethiopia 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0
Benin 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
South Sudan 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Tanzania 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mozambique 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Timor-Leste 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.7
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Malawi 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Zambia 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Uganda 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Afghanistan 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2 5.9
Angola 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Chad 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Somalia 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Palau
American Samoa
Dominica
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Monaco
San Marino
St. Kitts and Nevis
Middle East (developing only)
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands

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