Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Italy 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Singapore 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0 1.8
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Spain 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Greece 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Portugal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Croatia 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Czech Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Malta 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Mauritius 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Russian Federation 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Romania 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Ireland 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Guyana 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Sri Lanka 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.8
Albania 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Suriname 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Panama 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Costa Rica 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Indonesia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
French Polynesia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6
Venezuela, RB 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Lucia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Dominican Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Vietnam 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
Ecuador 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
South Africa 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
India 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Bahrain 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Peru 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tunisia 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
El Salvador 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Kosovo 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 3.9
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Philippines 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Qatar 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Kiribati 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Belize 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Paraguay 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Tonga 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Mongolia 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4
Vanuatu 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Lesotho 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Botswana 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Nepal 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Samoa 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Algeria 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0
Namibia 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4
Cabo Verde 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4
Guatemala 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Sao Tome and Principe 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Haiti 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Central African Republic 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.2
Ghana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Mauritania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Iraq 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5
Madagascar 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Bhutan 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Libya 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.3
Swaziland 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Lao PDR 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Comoros 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.7
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Jordan 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7
Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Tanzania 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.0
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Zambia 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Kenya 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Togo 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Liberia 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1
Benin 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Senegal 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Maldives 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Chad 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Somalia 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Malawi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5
Rwanda 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
San Marino
Seychelles 3.0
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica 3.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands 5.9
Serbia
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
Curacao
Monaco
Isle of Man

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