Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Italy 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Singapore 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0 1.8
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Spain 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Greece 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Portugal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Croatia 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Czech Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Malta 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Mauritius 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Russian Federation 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Romania 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Ireland 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Guyana 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Sri Lanka 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Israel 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.8
New Caledonia 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0
Albania 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Suriname 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Panama 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Costa Rica 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Indonesia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
French Polynesia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6
Venezuela, RB 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Lucia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Dominican Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Vietnam 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
Ecuador 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
South Africa 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
India 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Bahrain 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Peru 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tunisia 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
El Salvador 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Philippines 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Qatar 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Kiribati 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Belize 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Paraguay 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Tonga 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Mongolia 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4
Vanuatu 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Lesotho 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Botswana 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Nepal 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Samoa 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Algeria 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0
Namibia 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4
Cabo Verde 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4
Guatemala 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Sao Tome and Principe 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Haiti 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Central African Republic 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.2
Ghana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Mauritania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Iraq 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5
Madagascar 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Bhutan 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Libya 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.3
Swaziland 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Lao PDR 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Comoros 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.7
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Jordan 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Tanzania 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.0
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Zambia 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Kenya 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Togo 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Liberia 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1
Benin 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Senegal 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Maldives 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Chad 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Somalia 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Malawi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5
Rwanda 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Palau
Seychelles 3.0
Marshall Islands 5.9
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Dominica 3.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Curacao
Monaco
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Middle East (developing only)
West Bank and Gaza
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Liechtenstein
Serbia

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