Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.6
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Malta 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
Croatia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Barbados 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Slovenia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Spain 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Latvia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Ukraine 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Czech Republic 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Greece 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Estonia 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Romania 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.3
Montenegro 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Iceland 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1 1.7
Mauritius 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Macedonia, FYR 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
China 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Ireland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Kazakhstan 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1
Thailand 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Azerbaijan 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guyana 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9 2.7
Guam 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
Argentina 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
New Caledonia 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Albania 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Seychelles 3.5
Dominica 3.5
Costa Rica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
Jamaica 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4
Panama 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Suriname 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Malaysia 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Colombia 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Lebanon 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Fiji 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Brazil 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
French Polynesia 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1
Turkey 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8
Indonesia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
St. Lucia 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0
Mexico 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0
Ecuador 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
India 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4
South Africa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Bahrain 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Vietnam 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5
Myanmar 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Turkmenistan 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
El Salvador 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Philippines 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Tunisia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6
Kiribati 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Kuwait 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.5
Timor-Leste 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.3
Paraguay 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
United Arab Emirates 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Bolivia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Vanuatu 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Morocco 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1
Tonga 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Lesotho 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4
Qatar 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1
Belize 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2
Papua New Guinea 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Tajikistan 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Mongolia 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5
Nicaragua 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Samoa 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2
Botswana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Congo, Rep. 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
Bangladesh 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7
Honduras 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Guatemala 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Haiti 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Cabo Verde 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.1
Namibia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0
Sao Tome and Principe 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Mauritania 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Djibouti 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.4
Ghana 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Iraq 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Bhutan 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7
Swaziland 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Algeria 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.2
Tanzania 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Guinea 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Cameroon 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.8
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4
South Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.5
Liberia 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Zambia 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Saudi Arabia 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9 6.8
Somalia 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Jordan 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.8
Togo 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Maldives 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Kenya 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0
Senegal 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Ethiopia 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Libya 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2 6.9
Burundi 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.3
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Taiwan, China
Monaco
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Curacao
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Serbia 2.1
Palau

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