Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Denmark 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.6
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Spain 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Slovenia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Cuba 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Croatia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Barbados 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Greece 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Czech Republic 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.1 1.7
Romania 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.3
Latvia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Ukraine 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Montenegro 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Iceland 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mauritius 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Aruba 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
St. Martin (French part) 2.4 2.4 2.3
Armenia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4
Puerto Rico 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Macedonia, FYR 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Uruguay 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Moldova 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
China 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Ireland 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6
Thailand 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Guyana 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.9 2.7
Bahamas, The 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Azerbaijan 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Kazakhstan 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1
Guam 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Argentina 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
New Caledonia 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Albania 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Jamaica 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4
Costa Rica 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Panama 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Suriname 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Colombia 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Lebanon 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Malaysia 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Brazil 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Fiji 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
French Polynesia 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9
Turkey 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8
Indonesia 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.9
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1
St. Lucia 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0
Mexico 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.0
Grenada 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Ecuador 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
India 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4
South Africa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Vietnam 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4
Bahrain 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5
Myanmar 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
El Salvador 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Turkmenistan 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Kuwait 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.5
Tunisia 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6
Philippines 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Kiribati 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Paraguay 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
United Arab Emirates 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Timor-Leste 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.3
Bolivia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Morocco 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1
Qatar 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1
Belize 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2
Vanuatu 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Tonga 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Papua New Guinea 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Lesotho 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4
Tajikistan 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Mongolia 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Nicaragua 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Samoa 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Botswana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Bangladesh 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Honduras 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Congo, Rep. 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
Central African Republic 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Guatemala 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cabo Verde 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2
Namibia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0
Haiti 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.1
Madagascar 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.1
Sao Tome and Principe 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1
Mauritania 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Djibouti 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Gambia, The 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Ghana 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Iraq 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Lao PDR 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.4
Algeria 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.2
Bhutan 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Solomon Islands 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Mozambique 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Swaziland 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Tanzania 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Guinea 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7
Syrian Arab Republic 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.5
Cameroon 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.8
Nigeria 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
South Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Comoros 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Jordan 7.3 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.8
Zambia 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9
Saudi Arabia 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9 6.8
Liberia 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Sierra Leone 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Benin 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Togo 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.0
Chad 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Somalia 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1
Mali 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Kenya 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.0
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Libya 7.8 7.6 7.4 7.2 6.9
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Senegal 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Maldives 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Ethiopia 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5
Malawi 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.3 8.3
Rwanda 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Yemen, Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.2 9.2
Curacao
Palau
Cayman Islands
Taiwan, China
Seychelles 3.5
Bermuda
Serbia 2.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Isle of Man
Andorra
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.3
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica 3.5
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Tuvalu
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Monaco
Faeroe Islands

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