Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Denmark 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Singapore 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0 1.8
Spain 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Greece 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Portugal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
New Zealand 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Iceland 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
Czech Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mauritius 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Russian Federation 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Romania 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Ireland 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Guyana 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Sri Lanka 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Israel 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.8
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Albania 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Suriname 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Panama 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Costa Rica 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
French Polynesia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Indonesia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Venezuela, RB 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Dominican Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Lucia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mexico 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Vietnam 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7
Ecuador 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
India 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
South Africa 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Peru 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
Bahrain 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tunisia 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
El Salvador 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2
Kosovo 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 3.9
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Philippines 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kiribati 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Qatar 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Belize 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Paraguay 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Bolivia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Tonga 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Vanuatu 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Lesotho 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Mongolia 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Nepal 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Botswana 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Samoa 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Cabo Verde 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4
Namibia 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4
Guatemala 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Central African Republic 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Sao Tome and Principe 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Algeria 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0
Haiti 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Ghana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Mauritania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Iraq 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.2
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Bhutan 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5
Lao PDR 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Swaziland 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Tanzania 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Comoros 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.7
Jordan 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7
Libya 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.3
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.0
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Zambia 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1
Togo 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
Liberia 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Kenya 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Benin 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Senegal 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Somalia 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Maldives 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Malawi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5
Rwanda 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Andorra
Marshall Islands 5.9
San Marino
Palau
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Greenland
Serbia
Seychelles 3.0
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Dominica 3.0
Isle of Man

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