Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Denmark 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Singapore 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0 1.8
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Spain 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Greece 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Portugal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Sweden 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
New Zealand 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Iceland 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
Czech Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Malta 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mauritius 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Russian Federation 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Estonia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Romania 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Ireland 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Guyana 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Sri Lanka 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
New Caledonia 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0
Israel 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.8
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Albania 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Suriname 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Panama 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Costa Rica 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
French Polynesia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Indonesia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Venezuela, RB 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Dominican Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
St. Lucia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mexico 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Vietnam 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7
Ecuador 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
India 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
South Africa 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Peru 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
Bahrain 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Tunisia 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
El Salvador 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Philippines 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kiribati 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Qatar 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Belize 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Paraguay 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Bolivia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Tonga 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Vanuatu 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Papua New Guinea 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Lesotho 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Mongolia 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Nepal 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Botswana 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Samoa 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Cabo Verde 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4
Namibia 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4
Guatemala 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Central African Republic 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Sao Tome and Principe 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Algeria 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0
Haiti 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Ghana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Madagascar 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Mauritania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Iraq 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.2
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Bhutan 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5
Lao PDR 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Swaziland 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Tanzania 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Comoros 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.7
Jordan 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7
Libya 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.3
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.0
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Zambia 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1
Togo 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
Liberia 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Kenya 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Benin 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Senegal 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Somalia 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Maldives 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Malawi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Oman 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5
Rwanda 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Taiwan, China
Isle of Man
Palau
Curacao
Greenland
Monaco
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Dominica 3.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Seychelles 3.0
Marshall Islands 5.9
San Marino
Serbia
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands

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