Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Italy 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Spain 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Greece 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Denmark 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Portugal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Japan 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Finland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Czech Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Singapore 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0 1.8
Sweden 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Malta 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Russian Federation 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Poland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Mauritius 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2
Ireland 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Thailand 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Iceland 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.2
Estonia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Romania 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Sri Lanka 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Suriname 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6
Israel 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Jamaica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Albania 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
New Caledonia 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.8
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Panama 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2
Costa Rica 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Indonesia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Mexico 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Malaysia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
French Polynesia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
St. Lucia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Venezuela, RB 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Dominican Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Myanmar 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6
Vietnam 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7
Tunisia 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
South Africa 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Ecuador 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9
Bahrain 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Peru 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9
India 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
El Salvador 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.2
Qatar 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Philippines 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Mongolia 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.4
Belize 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Kiribati 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Paraguay 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6
Tonga 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Papua New Guinea 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9
Bolivia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Vanuatu 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Botswana 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Lesotho 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Algeria 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.0
Samoa 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Nepal 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2
Honduras 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.2
Namibia 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4
Congo, Rep. 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Cabo Verde 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
Libya 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.3
Sao Tome and Principe 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Haiti 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Guatemala 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5
Ghana 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Central African Republic 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Comoros 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.7
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Jordan 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.7
Bhutan 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Iraq 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Swaziland 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Mauritania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Saudi Arabia 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.0
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Madagascar 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Lao PDR 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2
Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Tanzania 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Kenya 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.5
Togo 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Zambia 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Cote d'Ivoire 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.5
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Maldives 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4
Liberia 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Senegal 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Benin 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1
Burkina Faso 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Malawi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1
Somalia 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Oman 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.5
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Rwanda 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.5
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8
Curacao
Taiwan, China
Dominica 3.0
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Andorra
Bermuda
Marshall Islands 5.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Serbia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Seychelles 3.0
West Bank and Gaza
Palau
Liechtenstein
Greenland

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